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700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills.

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1 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills

2 The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Learning Objectives Define critical thinking and its relationship to outcomes of safety, permanence, and well-being; Discuss how the parallel process applies to the use of critical thinking in an agency; Discuss potential uses of the Enhancing Critical Thinking: A Supervisor’s Guide; and Identify questions to use during supervision with supervisors to stimulate critical thinking. 2

3 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Agenda Welcome and Introductions Defining Critical Thinking The Enhancing Critical Thinking: A Supervisor’s Guide The Parallel Process Supporting Critical Thinking Action Planning Summary and Workshop Closure 3

4 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Critical Thinking Defined Seeing both sides of an issue, being open to new evidence that disconfirms your ideas, reasoning dispassionately, demanding that claims be backed by evidence, deducing and inferring conclusions based on available facts (and) solving problems. (Willingham, 2008). 4

5 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center “Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is the probable reason so few engage in it.” –Henry Ford “ Many people think they are thinking when they are merely rearranging their prejudices.” –William James Thinkers’ Thoughts on Thinking 5

6 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center What gets in the way of critical thinking and sound decision making? Thinking Errors 6

7 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Munro’s Findings re: Thinking Errors Errors not random but predictable –Not using full range of evidence –Persisting influence of 1 st impression –Shortcuts made: use facts most vivid, concrete or most recent –Simplifying reasoning processes involving complex judgments Common Errors or Reasoning in Child Protection Work : Eileen Munro: 1999 From conference workshop presented by Action for Protection at the National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect, Portland, Oregon,

8 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Munro’s Findings re: Thinking Errors (continued) Errors can be reduced –Case conferences, one-on- one supervision safer, more effective Common Errors or Reasoning in Child Protection Work : Eileen Munro: 1999 From conference workshop presented by Action for Protection at the National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect, Portland, Oregon,

9 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Provide a clear focus on the question or problem Increase self-awareness and the recognition of cognitive biases Judge the credibility of sources of information Analyze and evaluate information Formulate well-reasoned conclusions and decisions Communicate clearly and thoughtfully (University of Pittsburgh, 2011) Tasks of Critical Thinkers 9

10 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Guiding Critical Thinking Thinking is not driven by answers, but by questions. The Critical Thinking Community (2013) 10

11 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Child/Youth and Family Status Indicators Safety: Exposure to Threats of Harm Safety: Risk to Self/Others Stability Living Arrangement Permanency Physical Health Emotional Well-Being Early Learning and Development Academic Status Pathway to Independence Parent or Caregiver Functioning 11

12 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Practice Performance Indicators Engagement Efforts Role & Voice Teaming Cultural Awareness & Responsiveness Assessment & Understanding Long-Term View Child/Youth & Family Planning Process Planning for Transitions & Life Adjustments Efforts to Timely Permanence Intervention Adequacy & Resource Availability Maintaining Family Relationships Tracking & Adjusting 12

13 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Ways a Supervisor Can Use the Enhancing Critical Thinking: A Supervisor’s Guide Worker need Department/unit focus area Supervisory skill development 13

14 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center “Quick Tool” Follows the same type of sequencing that the Supervisor Guide follows: Description of Family/Current Status Perspective of the Team Worker Analysis Evaluation Decisions and Next Steps 14

15 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Supervisors Have the Most Influence Over Practice On a scale of 1-10, with 1 being “never” and 10 being “always”, how would you rate the frequency of your supervisors’ use of the Supervisor’s Guide in supervision? What could you do as their supervisor to move up their use of the Supervisor’s Guide one step? 15

16 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center 16

17 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Practice Performance Indicators Pair Activity 1.With your partner, review the sections of Handouts #4 and Handout #5 pertaining to your assigned indicator(s) and discuss with your partner. 2.With your partner, develop questions for each assigned indicator that you could ask supervisors to support the use of critical thinking skills and to help you assess how well he/she has implemented the practice model. 3.Be prepared to join other teams in a group discussion. 17

18 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Walk Around With your partner, place a check mark next to the best five questions that you think would be good critical thinking questions to use to address this situation in supervision. 18

19 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Questions to Consider On a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 you have very little commitment to using these identified questions in supervision and 10 being you are strongly committed to using them in supervisory sessions – how would you rate yourself? What would it take to move up the scale one point? How will you monitor that supervisors are using critical thinking questions? How will you share with one another? What will we see? 19

20 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center Action Planning Identify at least three questions you will use during your next supervisory conference to support your staff’s current work efforts. 20

21 700: Supporting Supervisors in Using Critical Thinking Skills The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Resource Center You Must Have Questions! 21


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