Presentation on theme: "Personal Development and Career Planning 9"— Presentation transcript:
1Personal Development and Career Planning 9 AddictionPersonal Development and Career Planning 9
2Choose the Winning Path Canadian Champions Celebrity Video
3Definition of addiction Drug addiction is defined as activities or substances used repeatedly.This desire is so huge that people are willing, if necessary, to pay the consequences in other areas of their lives.Individuals can be addicted to substances like:Definition of addictionAlcoholCigarettesPrescription or Street DrugsGamblingShopliftingOverconsumption
4Signs of addiction Changes in school work Changes in physical appearanceChanges in eating or sleeping habitsChange of friendsBehaviour change in generalSigns of addiction
5Important Vocabulary Term Definition Illicit Illegal or not allowed DepressorA drug that slows down the function of your nervous system, cardiac system and breathingStimulantA drug that keeps a person “awake” and energetic and over stimulates the nervous system.Important Vocabulary
6Not all drugs are illicit 2 popular/common drugs in North America are tobacco and alcohol.Just because a drug is not illegal, DOES NOT MEAN it is not dangerous.Excessive consumption can have consequences on your health and can even lead to death.Not all drugs are illicit
7Smoking is an addiction resulting from a dependence to one or more of the products made from the leaves of tobacco:CigarettesCigarsPipe tobaccoSnuff andChewing tobaccoWhat is Smoking?
8Nicotine is the main ingredient of this addiction (there are others, but they are significantly less important).The addiction to tobacco is stronger than heroin, cocaine and alcohol.Nicotine
9Due to the fact that cigarette smoke passes directly into the lungs and the brain, it carries more nicotine rapidly (in less than 10 seconds) than an intravenous injection.The smoker learns to measure very precisely his/her need for nicotine by the depth, intensity and duration of its inhalation, which are believed to cause the addiction.
10The experts have identified more than 4000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, including: Carbon monoxideTarArsenicFormaldehyde andBenzene.Among them, fifty are toxic to humans.Tobacco Chemicals
11Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. About 90% of smokers start smoking before the age of 21.Four in five smokers trying to quit smoking at least once a year. The average number of attempts to quit are six before being able to actually quit.Statistics
123% to 10% of smokers manage to quit without help, as observed after one year. The success rate after one year reached 15% to 20% when the smoker is using an aid (patches, medication, counseling).Nine out of ten smokers who successfully quit smoking do so by quitting Cold Turkey rather than gradually.Statistics
13Health problems caused or aggravated by exposure to tobacco smoke Smoking reduces the life expectancy by 10 years, on average.Health problems caused or aggravated by exposure to tobacco smoke
14Major Risk Factors Hypertension: abnormally high blood pressure Cardiovascular disease, stroke smokers are more likely 70% of dying from coronary heart disease than non smokers.Chronic bronchitis and emphysema, cardiac or respiratory failure.Cancers of the lung, mouth, esophagus, bladder, etc.Erectile dysfunction: two times more likely among smokers than among nonsmokers.Peptic Ulcer: Nicotine elevates the secretion of acid in the stomach. This increased secretion of acid may also aggravate the symptoms of gastric reflux.Major Risk Factors
15Non-smokers exposed to secondhand smoke are at increased risk of having the same health problems as those of smokers.Children are particularly susceptible to secondhand smoke. Children whose parents smoke are more affected by asthma and ear infections than children of non-smokers because their membranes are more fragile.Two-thirds of the smoke from a cigarette is not inhaled by the smoker, but is released into the surrounding environment.Pets can also become victims of secondhand smoke: the risk of cancer in cats and dogs is increased when they are exposed to secondhand smoke.
16Commercial Smoking Kid Do you believe the commercial was effective? Why did the adults listen to the kids but ignore the information they already knew?Commercial
19Overconsumption Can… Affect your mood and thoughts Hurt others, have legal consequences, destroy the relationship between friends, family, etc..Have negative effects on your body in the short term and long term.Develop an addiction
20What kind of problems can develop? Alcohol can cause health problemsAlcohol poisoning (when the level of alcohol in your body increases, the chemicals that enter your body can cause vomiting, seizures or even unconsciousness)What kind of problems can develop?
22Short term effects Weight Gain Feeling Sick or Dizzy Bad Breath ClumbsySlurred SpeechSkin ProblemsLosing ControlShort term effects
23Cirrhosis of the liver (liver stops functioning to be able to clean toxins [poisons] in your body) and liver cancerLoss of appetiteVitamin deficiencyStomach DiseasesHeart problems and central nervous systemLoss of memoryRisk of developing erectile dysfunctionHigh risk of overdoseLong term effects
24Why you must say “No Thank You” Alcohol is a drug . You can develop an addictionAlcohol changes the way you thinkAlcohol leads to bad decisions and behavior problems
25By drinking just one beer, alcohol slows your reaction time, and your thought process is not clear (driving a car becomes an extreme risk and can lead to death)When it comes to alcohol and drug consumption by youth, impaired driving is not the only danger.Drinking and Driving
26Road Crashes are the Leading Cause of Death Among Teens Young people have the highest rates of traffic death and injury per capita among all age groupsMore 19-year-olds die or are seriously injured than any other age group.Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among 16 to 25 year olds, and alcohol and/or drugs are a factor in 55% of those crashes.Studies conclude that young drivers are over-represented in road crashes for two primary reasons: inexperience and immaturity. Although young people are the least likely to drive impaired, the ones who do are at very high risk of collision.Road Crashes are the Leading Cause of Death Among Teens
27Alcohol and Sexual Relations Drinking alcohol can lead to unprotected sex and the possibility of pregnancyIf you drink when you are pregnant your child may develop FASDFetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: It is a disease that affects the normal development of a child if the biological mother drank alcohol during pregnancy.Alcohol and Sexual Relations
28The consumption of alcohol carries a number of issues including: Increased toleranceDifficulty quittingOther problems of life because of alcohol useAlcoholism
29Some Consequences of Alcoholism Alcohol can create a dependency towards other drugs, including tobacco and other street drugs.A person can develop serious problems in their social, education and family life.Behaviour issues: a higher risk of theft, engaging in physical fights and/or drinking and drivingMore susceptible to suicidal thoughts.
31Drugs are natural and synthetic chemicals that can be used to influence: The body and body functionsThe brain and the nervous systemBehaviour and emotionsWhat are drugs?
32When drugs are used properly to settle a disease, they may: Correct body's chemical balanceProtect against diseaseRelieve tension, fatigue and pain
33When drugs are abused… Can cause Health problems. Each year, thousands of people treated for injuries and physical and mental illnesses related to drug abuse.Hundreds die every year.Legal problems.Many people are arrested by the police each year for offenses related to drugs and alcohol.When drugs are abused…
34The abuse of drugs is a major problem - for all kinds of people. Financial problemsThe abuse of drugs is an expensive habit - money is used for cigarettes or cocaine.Social problemsInstead of solving their problems with others, the person who abuses drugs uses the drug as a "solution".The abuse of drugs is a major problem - for all kinds of people.Regardless of race, culture, gender, or financial condition, anyone is capable of being influenced by drugs.
35What are the countries that produce drugs? Marijuana - Canada, US, Mexico, etcOpium- AfghanistanCocaine- Columbia, PeruWhat are the countries that produce drugs?
36Inhalants The Truth about Inhalants Inhalants are common products in which people breathe in the chemical fumes in order to get a high.These products are common in almost any home or work.Examples: can of paint, glue, gasoline and cleaning fluids.The "high" lasts only a few minutes, users often try to make it last longer.Inhalants
37Serious damage to vital organs (brain, liver, the heart) Unconsciousness or deathAbnormalities in the brainIrritability and depression.Effects of inhalants
38Marijuana is a chemical called tetrahydrocannabinol, better known as THC. There are nearly 400 other chemicals found in marijuanaThese chemicals can affect your health. But THC is the main psychoactive drug (interfers with the brain).Marijuana
39Effects of marijuana Loss of coordination Affects memory, perception and judgementImpaired DrivingIncreases heart rateHeart rate, normally 70 to 80 beats per minute, may increase from 20 to 50 times the beats per minute or, in some cases even double. This effect can be greater if other drugs are taken with marijuana.Effects of marijuana
40Hallucinogens Effects on the body: Hallucinogens: Imaginary experiences which seem real Example: Mushrooms, Acid (LSD)Effects on the body:Very unpredictable aggressiveness, loss of control.Hallucinogens
41LSD, also known as Acid, is sold in tablets, capsules and in liquid format. It is generally added to an absorbant colour/decorated paper. Each sqare represents a doseLSD is a strong chemical substance that alters your mood. It is made in part from a very toxic mushroomLSD
42Under the influence of LSD… A person can have terrifying thoughts and sensations that take over their thoughts and body.A person under the influence of this drug can be in a state of panic, fear and loss of controlIn a state of fear of losing their mind or of dyingThese sensations can last up to 12 hoursUnder the influence of LSD…
43Stimulants Stimulants Raises the humor of situations, increases the feeling of well-being, increases the energy and and the attentiveness of its user. Example: Cocaine, Ecstasy, Methamphetamines (meth) and amphetamines (speed)Stimulants
44Cocaine and Crack The Truth about Cocaine Cocaine and crack can be ingested by sniffing, intraveineus, or, in the case of crack, the substance can be inhaled once heated.The word cocaine refers to the powdered drug (cocaine) and the crystalized drug (crack)It is made in part from the cocoa plant, and after methamphetamines, it is the drug that has the worst psychological dependency.Cocaine and Crack
45Cocaine – Effects on the Body Cocaine can change the way your brain works. It can take away your capacity to feel some natural pleasure. It reduces the quantity of dopamine in the brain.When it occurs nerve cells need more dopamine to work normally so you typically do more drugs in order to be capable of feeling any pleasure. Cocaine – Effects on the Body
46Cocaine can tighten blood vessels: This reduces the blood flow to the heart, making it have to work harder because it interrupting the heart’s natural beat.This can cause sudden death from cardiac arrest.Can occur the first time someone uses of the cocaine.When under the influence of cocaine you can experience:Bizarre behavior, violence, muscular shocks, paranoia, panic attacks, hallucinations, & nosebleeds.
47Ecstasy – Effects on the Body ConfusionAnxiety, trouble sleepingOverheating (hyperthermia)NauseaThe muscular tensionBlurred visionDiscomfortShivers, perspirationDepression the next dayEcstasy – Effects on the Body
48Crystal Meth and Methamphetamines Crystal meth and methcan be inhaled, smoked or injected.Small doses can be found in the format of tabletsCrystal meth is a form of methamphetamine that looks like little shards of glass or small pieces of white/blue crushed crystalOn the streets, it is known as:Ice, Crystal or Glass
49Crystal Meth and Methamphetamines It is a very strong stimulant that often leads to a dependency on the substance and is associated with aggressiveness, violent behaviours and voicesMany users say that they become addicted after their very first time usingIt is one of the hardest drugs to treat
50Negative Side Effects Sleep disturbance Hyperactivity Nausea Illusions or hallucinationsIritabilityLoss of apetite or loss of weightConfusionAnxietyParanoiaNegative Side Effects
51Opiates: Heroin Heroin is usually sniffed, injected, or smoked. It is a substance that is highly addictive and creates a strong dependencyHeroin quickly reaches the brain and slows down your thoughts and reaction timeIf injected a person has an increased risk of contracting HIV or Hepatisis or others sicknesses caused by infected needles.Heroin is the most cited drug when it comes of deaths from overdosingOpiates: Heroin
52Long Term Effects of Heroin Use Damaged veinsBacterial infection of blood system and heart attackTissue infectionsComplications of the liverLong Term Effects of Heroin Use
53Prescription Drugs The Truth about Perscription Drugs Abusing the use of painkillers now represents an even larger problem than some street drugsPainkillers, tranquilizers, antidepressants, sleeping pills, and other stimulants give an illusion that they are not as dangerous as other drugs because they are prescribed by a doctorBUT they can create a very real addiction that can be just as strong as heroin or cocainePrescription Drugs
54The painkiller OxyContin, for example, is just as strong as heroin and can affect the body in the same way.Regularly consuming painkillers, like downers and uppers can lead to an addiction and can lead to painful withdrawl symptoms for a person who is looking to quit
55Painkillers, sedatives and anti- depressants are responsable for more deaths in the US than cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamines combined.