Presentation on theme: "Law of Motion: Action and Reaction Ch"— Presentation transcript:
1 Law of Motion: Action and Reaction Ch. 6.1-6.3 Newton’s 3rd LawLaw of Motion:Action and ReactionCh
2 Objectives Define force as part of an interaction Newton’s 3rd Law of MotionIdentify action & reaction forces
3 I can’t touch you without you touching me I can’t touch the desk without the desk touching meI can’t exert a force on a body without the body exerting a force on meContact requires TWO objects!
4 Why do my fingers bend back more when pushing on hand & wall? Because the wall pushes back!Somebody push on my fingers…Most people don’t see this. Physics types see the wall pushing back!
5 Forces and Interactions Further defines idea we’ve been talking about this whole timeForcean interaction between one thing and anotherThe Interaction Rule:Object A exerts a force on object BObject B exerts a force on object A
6 Forces and Interactions Which block pulls harder? Check your neighbor.The more massive block didn’t move very much? Is it pulling harder?Add mass to the less massive blockMove about sameWhat can you say about force? Mass?Remove mass. Which is pulling harder?
7 Tug-of-War In a tug of war both teams pull with 1000 N. There’s a scale in the middle of rope. What will the scale read?2000 N, 1000 N, or 0 N? Check your neighborImagine if a person was in the middle. Definitely NOT 0 N pulling on each arm!If one team gets tired, attaches rope to wall, puts up a curtain. Other team continues to pull. What will the scale read?Pulling seems to be exactly the same, 1000 N
8 Tug-of-War Student volunteer Who’s pulling harder? Forces are the same!How do you win tug-of-war?Push the hardest against floorGirls vs. Boys demoFellas, take off your shoes
9 Paul Hewitt Explains the forces during a tug of war
10 Rubber band DemoWhich is pulling harder? The thumb on the forefinger or the forefinger on the thumb?
11 Earth vs. Moon?Is the distance from NY to SF the same distance as SF to NY?Does the earth pull harder on the moon than the moon pulls on the earth (moon is only 1/6 mass of earth)?No! There is a single gravitational interaction between the twoAction: A pulls on B; Reaction: B pulls on A
12 Newton’s 3rd LawFor every action, there is an equal and opposite reactionThere are two forcesAction forceReaction forceBaseball clipWhat are the action/reaction forces in these pics?Forces always occur in pairsThe sound of ONE hand clapping is impossible
13 Kicking, punching, dropping and catching stuff Kick/punch something (NOT another person!)That object is pushing back on you with the same force that you kick/punch it withFind two objects. Drop object A with one hand, catch it with the other. Do the same with object B. Which one required your hand to push back with the most force?
14 Action-Reaction in Action Why do geese fly in a “V” formation?Birds wings deflect air downwards--> air pushes bird upwardCreates updraft (greatest on side of bird)Trailing bird positions itself in updraft to conserve energyThis bird creates updraft for following bird, and so on
15 Action-Reaction in Action Interesting FactsExplain this picture using your knowledge about Newton’s 3rd LawTravel up to 9 miles at night to feed and returnEquivalent of human waling 37 miles for dinner each nightKnown to swim at 28 mph for miles and miles
16 Action-Reaction in Action Explain the three pictures using your knowledge of Newton’s 3rd Law.
17 Let’s review the homework problems and next-time question 6-1