Law of Motion: Action and Reaction Ch

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Law of Motion: Action and Reaction Ch. 6.1-6.3
Newton’s 3rd Law Law of Motion: Action and Reaction Ch

Objectives Define force as part of an interaction
Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion Identify action & reaction forces

I can’t touch you without you touching me
I can’t touch the desk without the desk touching me I can’t exert a force on a body without the body exerting a force on me Contact requires TWO objects!

Why do my fingers bend back more when pushing on hand & wall?
Because the wall pushes back! Somebody push on my fingers… Most people don’t see this. Physics types see the wall pushing back!

Forces and Interactions
Further defines idea we’ve been talking about this whole time Force an interaction between one thing and another The Interaction Rule: Object A exerts a force on object B Object B exerts a force on object A

Forces and Interactions
Which block pulls harder? Check your neighbor. The more massive block didn’t move very much? Is it pulling harder? Add mass to the less massive block Move about same What can you say about force? Mass? Remove mass. Which is pulling harder?

Tug-of-War In a tug of war both teams pull with 1000 N.
There’s a scale in the middle of rope. What will the scale read? 2000 N, 1000 N, or 0 N? Check your neighbor Imagine if a person was in the middle. Definitely NOT 0 N pulling on each arm! If one team gets tired, attaches rope to wall, puts up a curtain. Other team continues to pull. What will the scale read? Pulling seems to be exactly the same, 1000 N

Tug-of-War Student volunteer Who’s pulling harder?
Forces are the same! How do you win tug-of-war? Push the hardest against floor Girls vs. Boys demo Fellas, take off your shoes

Paul Hewitt Explains the forces during a tug of war

Rubber band Demo Which is pulling harder? The thumb on the forefinger or the forefinger on the thumb?

Earth vs. Moon? Is the distance from NY to SF the same distance as SF to NY? Does the earth pull harder on the moon than the moon pulls on the earth (moon is only 1/6 mass of earth)? No! There is a single gravitational interaction between the two Action: A pulls on B; Reaction: B pulls on A

Newton’s 3rd Law For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction There are two forces Action force Reaction force Baseball clip What are the action/reaction forces in these pics? Forces always occur in pairs The sound of ONE hand clapping is impossible

Kicking, punching, dropping and catching stuff
Kick/punch something (NOT another person!) That object is pushing back on you with the same force that you kick/punch it with Find two objects. Drop object A with one hand, catch it with the other. Do the same with object B. Which one required your hand to push back with the most force?

Action-Reaction in Action
Why do geese fly in a “V” formation? Birds wings deflect air downwards--> air pushes bird upward Creates updraft (greatest on side of bird) Trailing bird positions itself in updraft to conserve energy This bird creates updraft for following bird, and so on

Action-Reaction in Action
Interesting Facts Explain this picture using your knowledge about Newton’s 3rd Law Travel up to 9 miles at night to feed and return Equivalent of human waling 37 miles for dinner each night Known to swim at 28 mph for miles and miles

Action-Reaction in Action
Explain the three pictures using your knowledge of Newton’s 3rd Law.

Let’s review the homework problems and next-time question 6-1