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1. اسفند1386 1. AIM OF UNIDO CLUSTER APPROACH UNIDO POGRAMME PROMOTES DIALOGUE AND COOPERATION BY: HELPING STAKEHOLDERS DEVELOP A CONSENSUS-BASED VISION.

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Presentation on theme: "1. اسفند1386 1. AIM OF UNIDO CLUSTER APPROACH UNIDO POGRAMME PROMOTES DIALOGUE AND COOPERATION BY: HELPING STAKEHOLDERS DEVELOP A CONSENSUS-BASED VISION."— Presentation transcript:

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2 اسفند AIM OF UNIDO CLUSTER APPROACH UNIDO POGRAMME PROMOTES DIALOGUE AND COOPERATION BY: HELPING STAKEHOLDERS DEVELOP A CONSENSUS-BASED VISION STRENGTHENING THEIR CAPACITY TO ACT UPON SUCH A VISION

3 اسفند PILLARS OF UNIDO CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT APPROACH CREATION OF LINKAGES THROUGH BUSINESS GENERATION AND HENCE: NEED BASED – STAKEHOLDER LED AND MANAGED FLEXIBLE – MATCHES REQUIREMENTS OF THE LOCAL DYNAMICS FOCUSED ON INTERMEDIARY GROUPS AND NOT ON INDIVIDUAL STAKEHOLDERS COOPTITION

4 اسفند1386 SMES CAN COLLECTIVELY ACHIEVE ECONOMIES OF SCALE THROUGH BULK PURCHASE OF INPUTS ACHIEVE OPTIMAL SCALE IN USE OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT POOL PRODUCTION CAPACITIES TO MEET LARGE ORDERS INTER-ENTERPRISE COOPERATION ENABLES SMES TO SPECIALIZE INCREASED RESPONSIVENESS TO MARKET CHALLENGES SPEEDY DISSEMINATION OF BEST PRACTICES: ORGANIZATIONAL CAPABILITIES, SKILLS, TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION, ETC. 3. ADVANTAGES OF COOPERATION

5 اسفند1386 DS APs Implementation of SR Activities Monitoring & Evaluation Social capital at local level through a business agenda TB Exit 4. Steps of Cluster Development Approach  Full time CDA  Intermediary led  Role of BDS  3-4 years’ time  Entry: Pressure point  Holistic thereafter

6 اسفند MAIN STAGES OF CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME SELECTION OF TARGET CLUSTERS DIAGNOSTIC STUDY TRUST BUILDING DRAFTING OF A CLUSTER ACTION PLAN IMPLEMENTATION MONITORING AND EVALUATION

7 اسفند SELECTION OF CLUSTERS CRITICAL DETERMINANT OF THE SUCCESS OF THE PROGRAMME SELECTION FRAMEWORK BASED ON THE: IMPORTANCE OF THE CLUSTER PROMOTABILITY VIABILITY SUSTAINABILITY HELPS TO ENSURE AN EFFECITVE AND WIDE REACHING IMPACT Contd……….

8 اسفند1386 HELPS ENSURE AVAILABLE RESOURCES ARE USED ON CLUSTERS WHERE THE APPROACH HAS THE GREATEST LIKELIHOOD TO BE A SUCCESS I.E. CONTRIBUTE TO ECONOMIC SUCCESS OF SMEs REVITALIZATION OF SYSTEMIC INTERACTIONS DISSEMINATION OF BEST PRACTICES 7. SELECTION OF CLUSTERS …contd.

9 اسفند DIAGNOSTIC STUDY THIS IS AN ATTEMPT TO IDENTIFY OBSTACLES FACED BY THE CLUSTER AND OPPORTUNITIES THAT WOULD BECOME AVAILABLE IF BARRIERS TO COLLABORATION ARE DISMANTLED IN THE SELECTED CLUSTERS AND IF SYSTEMIC INTERACTIONS ARE REVITALIZED Contd……….

10 اسفند1386 THIS IS A PARTICIPATORY STUDY NOT ONLY ABOUT THE CLUSTER CONSTRAINTS AND POTENTIALS BUT ALSO LOCAL LINKAGES AND SUPPORT MECHANISMS THE PARTICIPATORY PROCESS HELPS BUILD INITIAL TRUST AMONG POSSIBLE PARTNERS AND SECURE THE POSITIVE INVOLVEMENT OF DIVERSE ACTORS VALUE ADDED DATA 9. DIAGNOSTIC STUDY….contd.

11 اسفند TRUST BUILDING ESTABLISHING AN ATMOSPHERE OF TRUST WITHIN A CLUSTER IS AN ESSENTIAL PRE-REQUISITE FOR BUILDING A REALISTIC ACTION PLAN FOR THE CLUSTER THAT WILL HAVE SUPPORT FROM CLIENTS, SERVICE PROVIDERS AND SUPPORT AGENCIES. THIS IS AN ON-GOING ACTIVITY IN CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT

12 اسفند DRAFTING OF THE ACTION PLAN THE ACTION PLAN IS A ROADMAP THAT WILL HELP TO DEVELOP AND FOSTER LASTING RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THE CLUSTER ACTORS WHILE AT THE SAME TIME DELIVERING RESULTS THIS IS AN ATTEMPT TO EMBODY THE VISION OF THE CLUSTER AS A WHOLE INTO A SET OF ACTIVITIES THAT CAN BE IMPLEMENTED IN COLLABORATION BY THE VARIOUS CLUSTER ACTORS

13 اسفند IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACTION PLAN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACTION PLAN IS NOT SIMPLY THE REALIZATION OF THE TARGETS SET BUT MORE AMBITIOUSLY A RADICAL CHANGE IN THE WAY THE CLUSTER ACTORS INTERACT WITH ONE ANOTHER AND CONDUCT THEIR BUSINESS

14 اسفند IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACTION PLAN IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIVITIES GRADUALLY SHIFTED TO THE PRIVATE SECTOR WITH SUPPORT DRAWN FROM LOCAL INSTITUTIONS IT IS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACTION PLAN THAT THE ADVANTAGES TO BE DERIVED FROM CLOSER COOPERATION AND GREATER SYSTEMIC INTERACTION ARE DISCLOSED AND EXPERIENCED BY THE CLUSTER ACTORS ULTIMATELY LEADS TO CREATION OF SOCIAL CAPITAL

15 اسفند MONITORING AND EVALUATION MONITORING OF QUANTIFIABLE OUTPUTS IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT IT HELPS IN DISSEMINATING BEST PRACTICES AND STRENGTHENING TRUST FIRM LEVEL AND CLUSTER LEVEL NEED TO IDENTIFY SUBTLE AND SLOWLY EMERGING CHANGES IN THE RELATIONSHIPS AMONG CLUSTER ACTORS, MAKES THIS TASK CHALLENGING: SUSTAINABILITY INDEX


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