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R ESEARCH FOR G RADUATE S TUDENTS Asa H. Gordon Library Savannah State University.

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Presentation on theme: "R ESEARCH FOR G RADUATE S TUDENTS Asa H. Gordon Library Savannah State University."— Presentation transcript:

1 R ESEARCH FOR G RADUATE S TUDENTS Asa H. Gordon Library Savannah State University

2 P LAN R ESEARCH Refine Topic Start broad then refine or focus ideas Determine a list of questions to be asked and answered Break thesis into basic elements Become a Human thesaurus

3 T YPES OF I NFORMATION N EEDED Background Put your ideas into wider context Historical Make connections even with current topics Statistical Facts and figures to support argument, strengthen thesis Quantify size or scope of issue Image Oriented Documents

4 M ATCH I NFORMATION N EEDS TO A PPROPRIATE S OURCES Books Background, in depth, survey broad subject Periodical Articles More specialized searching More current information Rare books or Manuscripts Letters, Diaries Ephemera Minor objects of everyday life

5 M OVING R ESEARCH TO THE N EXT L EVEL May not find a source exactly matched to topic Mission is to create Original research Not replicating the current research Put your ideas into a wider context Historical Social

6 F IND AND R ETRIEVE R ESOURCES Search Effectively and Efficiently Familiarize yourself with terminology Keep track of your research process

7 F IND AND R ETRIEVE R ESOURCES Catalog Browse catalog like bookshelves Virtually or in-person Find similar items Let serendipity guide your search Use keywords Use subject headings Use Boolean searching Combining terms to refine search

8 F IND AND R ETRIEVE R ESOURCES Research Databases Look at a variety or combination Take advantage of searching multiple databases based on subject area Track keywords, descriptors or subject terms which yield best results

9 T YPES OF R ESOURCES TO C ONSIDER Primary versus Secondary. SubjectPrimary SourceSecondary Source ArtOriginal artwork Article critiquing the piece of art HistoryPioneer diary Book about the Oregon Trail Literature Original manuscript Book review Political ScienceCNN.comCNN.com reportNewspaper editorial Science Journal article reporting research results Textbook Theatre Videotape of a performance Encyclopedia of drama

10 T YPES OF R ESOURCES TO C ONSIDER Primary sources include those created by actual participants of an event or recorded reactions immediately thereafter

11 P RIMARY S OURCES Original Documents Diaries, Interviews, Letters, Biography, Personal Narratives, News film footage, Official records Creative works Poetry, Drama, Music, Art Artifacts Pottery, Furniture, Clothing, Buildings

12 T YPES OF R ESOURCES TO C ONSIDER Secondary sources include those created by someone not present when the event took place or removed by time from the event.

13 S ECONDARY S OURCES Reference books, journal articles, Textbooks, Histories, Criticisms, Commentaries, Encyclopedias

14 Primary Sources Secondary Sources Summary Publications Tertiary Sources Diaries, Theses Conference papers Reports, Patents Diaries, Theses Conference papers Reports, Patents Review articles Scholarly books Popular literature Review articles Scholarly books Popular literature Reference Books Dictionaries, Encyclopedias Handbooks Reference Books Dictionaries, Encyclopedias Handbooks Guides to the literature Annotated bibliographies Guides to the literature Annotated bibliographies

15 T YPES OF R ESOURCES TO C ONSIDER Popular versus Scholarly VERSUS

16 S CHOLARLY T YPES OF R ESOURCES TO C ONSIDER S CHOLARLY - Also called “Peer-Reviewed” or “Refereed” journals. Written by scholars in the field Articles contain charts and graphs, footnotes or endnotes, and references (bibliographies) citing the authors' sources.

17 P OPULAR T YPES OF R ESOURCES TO C ONSIDER P OPULAR - If you are looking for Current Events, Interviews, or Book Reviews Shorter, non-technical articles often with photos and graphics Reviewed by Publisher or Editor The intended audience is the General Reader Rarely cite any sources

18 E VALUATE Y OUR R ESOURCES Use CRAAP Test to ask questions about both PRINT and WEB resources Currency Is the Information Timely? Relevance Is the Information Appropriate? Authority Is the Information Reliable and Credible? Accuracy Is the Information Biased? Purpose Is the Information Complete in it’s Coverage?

19 E VALUATE Y OUR R ESOURCES W HAT TO KNOW ABOUT W EB R ESOURCES No person, persons or organization reviews the content of the Internet. Pages are retrieved by search engines based on the page's content, not the relevancy or quality of the page. Much information on the Web is not updated regularly. There is little control over much of what is published, so that virtually anyone can create a web site on any topic. When considering if your website is a good source don’t forget the simple Gut Test– trust your first impression after skimming a site’s homepage or content.

20 O RGANIZE YOUR SOURCES, ARTICLES AND NOTES Integrate information sources Synthesize Analyze Use Prior Knowledge Revise Hypothesis as necessary Fill in the Gaps

21 C ITE YOUR SOURCES PROPERLY Give credit for sources of ideas Avoid Plagiarism Use appropriate citation format MLA APA Chicago/Turabian

22 R ESEARCH C YCLE QuestionSourceFindEvaluateCombineShareApply

23 QuestionSourceFindEvaluateCombineShareApply Where will you look? What do you need to know? What words will you use? Is the information good? Have you learned anything new? How will you share it? How will you use it?

24 F INAL N OTES Make an outline Review the literature on your topic critically. DO NOT MAKE UNSUPPORTED ASSERTIONS. Present the evidence, as specifically as possible, that applies, and evaluate its relevance. The only statements not attributed to an author(s) should be based on your own first hand experience, conclusions and criticisms. Present Real Data, Include tables and figures. Always go to the original source after using review articles and texts. Keep direct quotes to an absolute minimum. When not quoting, paraphrase succinctly. Proof read AND have someone else read your paper. Adapted from: Dr. Jim Bindon, Anthropology Dept., University of Alabama

25 R EMEMBER : T HE BEST RESOURCE IS A HUMAN RESOURCE IM your questions using the “Ask-a- Librarian” link Call or Stop by in person at the reference desk Asa H. Gordon Library


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