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PIPERACEAE. Current Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Tree for Flowering Plants 2008 magnoliids monocots.

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Presentation on theme: "PIPERACEAE. Current Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Tree for Flowering Plants 2008 magnoliids monocots."— Presentation transcript:

1 PIPERACEAE

2 Current Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Tree for Flowering Plants 2008 magnoliids monocots

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7 stem section of Piper showing monocot-like stem anatomy

8 Piper nigrum in cultivation:

9 Piper methysticum - the source of kava Methysticin, a kavalactone

10 Peperomia

11 Sarcorhachis sydowii - Lepianthes (Pothomorphe)

12 Houttuynia Anemopsis Saururaceae have a diversity of showy inflorescences that suggest flowers Houttuynia

13 Anemopsis Saururaceae have a diversity of showy inflorescences that suggest flowers Houttuynia Saururus

14 Flowers and Primordia of Snapdragon sepals stamens petal

15 When Arabidopsis flowers are first initiated no floral organs are visible, however floral organ primordia begin to develop shortly thereafter, beginning with the outer (sepal) primordia, and ending with the inner (carpel) primordia. LEFT - Scanning Electron Micrograph of very young floral buds emerging from the flanks of the apical meristem. The apical meristem is labelled (a) and one of the young flowers is labelled (f). RIGHT- A slightly older flower in which primordia for a petal (2), a stamen (3), and gynoecium (4) are labelled. Sepals (1) have been removed to reveal the inner floral organ primordia. 1

16 Peperomia - a pistillate inflorescence up close

17 Rolf Sattler’s light microscope picture of Peperomia, A = stamen rB = Bract G = Gynoecium rB A A G G

18 Shirley Tucker: Peperomia inflorescence in early development. B = bract F = flower

19 Older floral meristem of Peperomia Bract removed from here tamen ynoecium

20 Piper amalago: Stamens: AM anterior median PM posterior median PL posterior lateral AL anterior lateral The four-carpellate gynoecium is in the middle.

21 Piperales: molecular phylogeny

22 Piperales: gynoecium structure overlain on the phylogeny

23 Piperales: gynoecium development overlain on the phylogeny

24 Key Characters for Piperaceae 1.Swollen nodes 2.Arcuate veins 3.Crushed-leaf odoer of the magnoliids 4.Thick spikes 5.No perianth

25 Piperales: androecium development overlain on the phylogeny


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