Presentation on theme: "Planning Enforcement : Round-up of recent law William Upton, Barrister, Chambers of Stephen Hockman QC, Six Pump Court, Temple,"— Presentation transcript:
Planning Enforcement : Round-up of recent law William Upton, Barrister, email@example.com Chambers of Stephen Hockman QC, Six Pump Court, Temple, London.
Planning Enforcement Notices: Breach of Condition Enforcement Notices, and Stop Notices Listed Building ENs etc Injunctions Direct action Prosecution
Time Limits and concealment Fidler v SoS CLG  EWHC 143 (Admin) Hay bale wall hides house building was not substantially complete R. (oao Welwyn Hatfield Council) v SoS CLG  EWCA Civ 26, Internal dwelling in a hay barn
the Localism Bill 2011 Section 104 deals with the Fidler issues. LPA will apply to Magistrates for a "planning enforcement order“; apply for order within 6m of the date on which evidence of an apparent breach of planning control, “came to the authority's knowledge". Magistrates must be satisfied that person’s actions have resulted in or contributed to the full or partial concealment of the apparent breach & consider it just to make an order, having regard to all the circumstances. 12 months to act thereafter
the Localism Bill Despite lobbying, time limits for taking enforcement action essentially the same. Part 1, Chapter 5: decline to determine a planning application if all or part of the proposed development is already the subject of an enforcement notice removal of deemed planning permission under section 177(5).
Direct Action R. (on the application of Harper) v Waverley BC  EWHC 1175 Residential annex - no need to agree schedule of works Challinor v Staffordshire CC  EWCA strike out as an abuse of process landowner's claim for damages in relation to direct action should have been raised during earlier proceedings concerning the direct action.
Interpretation of pp Singh v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government  EWHC 1621 (Admin) certain parts of a development given pp become physically incapable of being completed due to work completed under a later pp whole development under the first permission became unlawful.
Enforcing a section 106 R (oao of ASDA Stores Ltd and another) v South Tyneside BC  EWHC 3285 ASDA relocated, agreed s.106 restricting food retailing on old store it was vacating within a couple of years, Morrisons had taken a 25 year lease of the old store and was fitting it out for the purpose of food retail. the enforcement Section 106 agreements depends on whether the council considers it expedient or necessary.
Resolving an old breach of condition Trim v North Dorset DC  EWCA Civ 1446 Old Breach of Condition Notice, not enforced appropriate means of challenge to its validity was by way of judicial review and not by private law proceedings.
Section 180 complications R (oao Rapose) v Wandsworth LBC  EWHC 3126 (Admin) Failure to consider effect of later pp on earlier EN - s.180 effect Brent LBC v Adil and others  EWHC 3654 (Admin) Magistrates error on s.180 and EN prosecution
Amending the notice Howells v SoS CLG and Gloucestershire CC  EWHC 2757 Inspector had the power (under s.176(1)) to amend a plan attached to an enforcement notice issued by a local authority, to expand the area covered, so long as the amendment did not cause any injustice to the parties.
drafting Independent Pension Management Ltd v SoS for CLG & Kent County Council  EWHC 3090 (Admin) Waste or B2 No need in EN to make clear that it was not intended to prevent lawful activities on a site
Jamie Oliver as a Material consideration … R. (on the application of Copeland) v Tower Hamlets LBC  EWHC 1845 (Admin) material considerations opponents of a planning application for a hot food takeaway very close to a school entrance
Current Issues in Planning and Environmental Enforcement Law William Upton, Barrister, firstname.lastname@example.org Chambers of Stephen Hockman QC, Six Pump Court, Temple, London.