Presentation on theme: "Training Professionals for Quality ECCD Practice: Lessons from the Madrasa Programme and AKF Najma Rashid, Madrasa Programme Kathy Bartlett, AKF."— Presentation transcript:
Training Professionals for Quality ECCD Practice: Lessons from the Madrasa Programme and AKF Najma Rashid, Madrasa Programme Kathy Bartlett, AKF
Quality ECD – Starts with….. Caring, responsive adult(s) who have access to Training, mentoring and other supports Diverse learning materials that children can use directly and often Safe, secure spaces
Quality Training for ECCD Workers Builds on positive local cultural values, language, beliefs and strengths Incorporates knowledge, skills and understanding that promote positive early growth, health and development (science- and evidence-based) Requires skilled trainers grounded in ECD practice – not just theory Ensures multiple opportunities for guided practice of new skills and knowledge which is built into training and the initial years of work
Training should help ECD staff to assess and understand: Local Community Contexts: – Needs and priorities of families and communities – Cultural beliefs and values (e.g. language, stories, child- rearing practices) – Available resources especially human but also material, financial (e.g. females from community who can be trained as ECD workers)
Quality Training Encourages… Links to parents – Reading for Children – Inviting parents to participate in the ECD centres’ efforts Links with health centres – Growth, Monitoring, etc Links with primary schools – Easing transition for children – Assisting Grade 1 teachers to use/make teaching and learning materials
The East African Madrasa Early Childhood Programme
“Many early childhood programmes are initiated without the understanding of the communities’ actual needs or consideration of culture, religious beliefs or traditional values. As a result many communities do not participate in the programmes as fully as expected.” Bi Swafiya Said, First Trainer, Director and Co-Developer of the Madrasa Programme
The Madrasa Programme Key Features Two distinctive components- centre and field-based training Training linked closely with regular visits that offer mentoring (not just inspection) Materials development – rich array using locally available items, resources Linked work with local management committee and parents to ensure consistency for supporting active learning and supports for children’s development
Observation by an External Evaluator The mentoring process is the “mainstay” of the teaching success in the learning programme. This unique feature distinguishes the training from other common training approaches which rely on course work training activities alone.
Ingredients of Active teaching & learning MAMACHOLASU represents the five dimensions – Materials, – Manipulation, – Choice, – Language and – Support of the Curriculum.
MRC Training: Evolving to Improve Quality and Cost-Effectiveness Costing-Study Undertaken for all MRCs – Training Revised The MRCs in Kenya and Uganda training coincides with regular school holidays. Trainees attend 3-week sessions 3 x per year. This schedule allows candidates to complete their training over one year reducing training costs and travel expenses. MRC staff are also able to concentrate on other activities during the school term. In Zanzibar -- the orientation runs for 2 weeks, 6 hours each day and thereafter each Saturday for a whole year while on site support to all teachers is done once a week
Teacher Training Content. Part I: Supporting Early Childhood Development The Child The Teacher Transition Inclusive Education The Integrated Approach Planning and Assessment Play as an Avenue to Learning The Learning Environment The Madrasa Pre-school Daily Routine Involving Parents and other Stakeholders
Teacher Training Content cont. Part II: Essential Learning Experiences at the Madrasa Pre-school Islam Mathematics Language and Literacy Interacting with and Caring for the Environment Social and Emotional Development Creative Arts Health Education Music (Songs, Poetry and Movement) Physical Education
Key Features Peer Planning Sessions: Conducted at the MRC and facilitated by the trainer-mentor. They ensure all teachers understand how to implement curriculum Teacher assessment is continuous and involves both written and practical aspects Material development, usage, storage and replenishment is also assessed Individual and team project work encouraged Teachers receive MRC certificates through achieving and demonstrating expected levels
Creating and Maintaining Quality MRCs encourage continuous teacher development and quality improvement – Nurturing Lead Teachers and Head Teachers – Developing cluster system and peer support – Refresher courses -- minimum of 2 in a year – Providing an avenue for professional development, government accreditation – Offering employment opportunities for local women
Creating Sustainability and Local Support System Community mobilization and involvement -- community partnership contracts Capacity building and sharing of roles and responsibilities across community and School Management Committees Collaboration with other stakeholders in the community towards holistic child development
Outreach Work: Egypt, Afghanistan and other non-madrasa teachers Emphasis has been on Active Learning methodologies, Islamic integration, importance of low cost/high value materials and setting up learning areas. Adapting for new contexts and settings Collaboration and partnerships with Government and other civil society organisations
Examples of Outreach Kenya: collaboration and joint training with DICECEs, NGOs, transition work with lower primary teachers Uganda: collaboration to expand use of madrasa approach in West Nile, Northern, Eastern Uganda with MoE, transition work with lower primary & PTTCs Zanzibar: Training other pre-school teachers and trainers, transition work in lower primary classes Tanzania: Expansion thru collaboration with District Education efforts – Mtwara, Lindi
Research Findings Children who attended pre-school education were more ready than those who stayed at home Children in madrasa pre-schools had stronger outcomes in terms of language, problem solving Using quality scale for pre-school environments, madrasa pre-schools were higher – link between quality of environment and outcomes of children
Conclusions This programme can be adapted to fit into different contexts Adults with limited education (Grade 8 – 10) can be trained to deliver quality interventions in low income settings Mentoring linked to training, leveraging local resources, sustaining efforts through partnerships are all key
Other AKF ECD Programme Examples RCC in Pakistan works to set-up pre-school classes in primary schools – Local women are teachers – Materials Mother Teachers in India – Local women work side- by-side with teachers to ensure transition, bring in local songs, games Kyrgyzstan – Revised full-day KG to half day (serves double the children) – Summer yurt KGs for nomads Reading for children – mini-libraries – Parents, other family members encouraged to look at and/or read books they bring home. It helps newly literate parents and older siblings
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