Presentation on theme: "COORDINATED ASSESSMENTS: FROM POLICY TO PRACTICE June 2012."— Presentation transcript:
COORDINATED ASSESSMENTS: FROM POLICY TO PRACTICE June 2012
Quotes from the Field: Pakistan & Haiti Pakistan “We have a proliferation of assessments…nearly each organization does its own assessment, often without any coordination even within their respective cluster. Regularly, questionnaires are badly designed with inappropriate, insensitive and/or misleading questions and analysis is not done. Hence there is a lot of work needed to get assessments right. (Manuel Bessler, former OCHA HoO) Haiti “…a large number of needs assessments of varying scope were carried out…Many assessment teams arrived late and reinforced biased assumptions rather than contributing to a clear picture of the situation and needs. (IARTE)
Why Coordinate Assessments? It’s about making the case for humanitarian action Better articulating needs of people affected by emergencies Better prioritization of needs to ensure the most vulnerable receive appropriate and timely assistance Creating a common operational picture on which to carry out strategic planning and development of appeals Making linkages between assessments and monitoring: are we responding to the needs of the population?
IASC NATF Package Operational Guidance Operational Guidance on Coordinated Assessments in Humanitarian Crises Joint assessment approach for sudden- onset emergencies MIRA: Multi-cluster Initial Rapid Assessment Data Consolidation Key Humanitarian Indicators/ Humanitarian Dashboard Capacity building and support Roster for response and preparedness Training
What is the Operational Guidance? Promotes information-sharing as a fundamental responsibility of humanitarian actors- for the benefit of those we are serving Provides suggestions on how to coordinate at the field level- to be adapted to country level specificities Proposes different assessment approaches for different phases of an emergency (joint assessment in the earliest weeks, and coordination within and between sectors thereafter) Calls on OCHA to coordinate inter-sectoral assessments, and clusters to coordinate sectoral assessments.
Assessment Framework: P 0 FocusData and assessment preparedness to ensure ability to undertake timely and quality collection and analysis of needs assessment data. Phase 0: Preparedness Data preparedness: CODs, FODs, baseline Agreed roles and responsibilities with standard operating procedures for collecting and collating secondary data, collecting primary data, conducting joint analysis, and communicating findings Agreed methodology and data collection tool Existing capacity in-country with required skills and knowledge
Assessment Framework: P I/II Focus Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) Establishing structures, initial vision of situation, identify priority interventions and next steps. Phase I: First 72 Hours Establish assessment coordination structure Collect, collate and analyze pre- and post-crisis secondary data and initial primary data Develop Preliminary Scenario Definition and initial Flash Appeal Phase II: First 2 weeks Plan, coordinate and undertake primary data collection Continue reviewing secondary data Undertake sectoral and inter-sectoral analysis. Use to inform revised Flash Appeal and MIRA report
Assessment Framework: P III/IV Focus Harmonizing single cluster/sector data collection, Survey of Surveys, aggregation and analysis of data, establishment of monitoring systems, transition to early recovery. Phase III: Week 3+ Harmonize in-depth sectoral assessments (HH/FGD) Collect (SoS) and analyze sectoral needs and response data and develop Humanitarian Dashboard. Phase II: Second Month Continue Phase III efforts Ensure linkages with PDNA
Who does what? HC Overall responsibility for assessment coordination. Activates coordination mechanism (AIM WG, ICWG) Calls for MIRA, Humanitarian Dashboard Holds actors accountable OCHA Provides assessment coordination support (i.e. Assessment Coordinator or Focal Point, Data Analyst) Chairs AIM WG, ICWG Coordinates and manages MIRA and Humanitarian Dashboard
Who does what, continued… Cluster/Sector Leads Coordinate NA within clusters, including MIRA and Humanitarian Dashboard Cluster/Sector Members Engage with coordination structures Utilize methodologies and tools to allow for harmonization of data and information Share data collected and participate in inter- agency and inter-cluster analytical processes