2General Turabian Guidelines Format Requirements1 inch margins / 12 pt. Times New Roman fontDouble Spaced (block quotes are single spaced)Page NumbersNo page number on title pageLowercase Roman numerals in the Front MatterArabic numerals throughout the Main BodyThree possible locations:Centered or flush right in the headerCentered or flush left in the footer
6Block Quotes 5 or more lines Single spaced Indented No quotation marks Footnote at end
7General Turabian Guidelines Your paper should have three major sections.Title PageMain BodyBibliographyTwo formats: Class Paper & DissertationNO Page Number on title pageNote: Your professor may have unique format requirements.
8Turabian Sample Title Page Class Paper Turabian Sample Title Page Dissertation
9General Turabian Guidelines Main BodyNO strict format for headings and subheadingsMost commonly uses footnotesFirst citation includes full bibliographical informationShort forms used thereafterConsecutive citations use Ibid.FootnotesRefers to the original source (quote or paraphrase)Further Explanation of the textReference to further information
11General Turabian Guidelines Footnotes, cont.First ReferenceCite all informationFirst name firstFollow style formatFurther ReferencesAuthor’s last name (comma)Short version of the title (comma)Page number (period)
12General Turabian Guidelines Footnotes, cont.Consecutive citing of the same sourceIbid. (comma)Page number (if different page)Avoid using if referring to a note on a different page of your text.FormatUse 10 or 12 point fontFootnote is single spacedFirst line is indentedSpace between each footnoteEach footnote ends with a period
13Turabian Footnotes Book (single author or editor) 1. Malcolm Gladwell, ed., The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference (Boston: Little, Brown, 2000), 64–65.Book (two or three authors)1. Peter Morey and Amina Yaqin, Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and Representation after 9/11 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011), 52.Book (four or more authors)1. Jay M. Bernstein et al., Art and Aesthetics after Adorno (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010), 276.
14Turabian Footnotes Book (author plus editor or translator) 1. Jane Austen, Persuasion: An Annotated Edition, ed. Robert Morrison (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2011), 311–12.Book (edition number)1. John Van Maanen, Talkes of the Filed: On Writing Ethnograpy, 2nd ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Proess, 2011), 84.Book (single chapter in an edited book)1. Ángeles Ramírez, “Muslim Women in the Spanish Press: The Persistence of Subaltern Images,” in Muslim Women in War and Crisis: Representation and Reality, ed. Faegheh Shirazi (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010), 231.
15Turabian Footnotes Book (electronic) 1. Isabel Wilkerson, The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration (New York: Vintage, 2010), 183–84, Kindle.2. Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), chap. 10, doc. 19, accessed October 15, 2011,3. Joseph P. Quinlan, The Last Economic Superpower: The Retreat of Globalization, the End of American Dominance, and What We Can Do about It (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010), 211, accessed December 8, 2012, ProQuest Ebrary.
16Turabian Footnotes Journal Article (print) Journal Article (online) 1. Alexandra Bogren, “Gender and Alcohol: The Swedish Press Debate,” Journal of Gender Studies 20, no. 2 (June 2011): 156.Journal Article (online)1. Campbell Brown, “Consequentialize This,” Ethics 121, no. 4 (July 2011): 752, accessed December 1, 2012,2. Anastacia Kurylo, “Linsanity: The Construction of (Asian) Identity in an Online New York Knicks Basketball Forum,” China Media Research 8, no. 4 (October 2012): 16, accessed March 9, 2013, Academic OneFile.
17Turabian Footnotes Website Biblical References 1. Susannah Brooks, “Longtime Library Director Reflects on a Career at the Crossroads,” University of Wisconsin-Madison News, September 1, 2011, accessed May 14, 2012,2. “Toy Safety,” McDonald’s Canada, accessed November 30, 2011,Biblical ReferencesOnly included in footnotesUse an abbreviated form of the bookList which version in the first citation
18General Turabian Guidelines Bibliography“Bibliography” centered at the top of the pageUses the same information as initial footnotes, yet with minute differences.Alphabetical order by last nameOnly the first author’s name is reversedHanging indentMultiple works by the same authorAuthor’s name on firstA 3-em dash replaces name thereafter (———)
19Turabian Bibliography Rules of ThumbReverse the first name only.Change commas to periods between items.Remove parenthesesRemove specific page numbers.
20Turabian Bibliography Book (single author or editor)Gladwell, Malcolm, ed. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. Boston: Little, Brown, 2000.Book (two or three authors)Morey, Peter and Amina Yaqin, Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and Representation after 9/11. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,Book (four or more authors)List all names in bibliography
21Turabian Bibliography Journal Article (print)Bogren, Alexandra. “Gender and Alcohol: The Swedish Press Debate.” Journal of Gender Studies 20, no. 2 (June 2011):Journal Article (online)Brown, Campbell. “Consequentialize This.” Ethics 121, no. 4 (July 2011): Accessed December 1,Kurylo, Anastacia. “Linsanity: The Construction of (Asian) Identity in an Online New York Knicks Basketball Forum.” China Media Research 8, no. 4 (October 2012): Accessed March 9, Academic OneFile.
22Turabian Bibliography WebsiteUsually only included in footnotes unless it is critical to your argument or it is frequently citedBrooks, Susannah. “Longtime Library Director Reflects on a Career at the Crossroads.” University of Wisconsin-Madison News. September 1, Accessed May 14,McDonalds. “Toy Safety.” McDonald’s Canada. Accessed November 30,
23Heading…top, center,Hanging indentAlphabetical orderMultiple works by same author
24Footnote PracticeCiting pages in a book entitled The Man Inside Me by Tobias Fünke. It was published in 2004 by Bluth Publications, which is located in Newport Beach, California.Citing an online article entitled “Borg Babes, Drones, and the Collective: Reading Gender and the Body in Star Trek” written by Mia Consalvo. It was found in the Summer 2004 issue of Women's Studies in Communication, Vol. 27 Issue 2, page 180. The article is found on pages 177 to 203. It was accessed on June 24, 2013 from EBSCOhost Communication and Mass Media Complete.Citing the main page of a website entitled “Bob Loblaw’s Law Blog,” created by Robert Loblaw. It was accessed on June 24, 2013 under the following URL:
25Bibliography Practice Using the information from the previous slide,make bibliography entries for each citation.
26The Answers1. Tobias Fünke, The Man Inside Me (Newport Beach, CA: Bluth Publications, 2004),2. Mia Consalvo, “Borg Babes, Drones, and the Collective: Reading Gender and the Body in Star Trek,” Women’s Studies in Communication 27, no. 2 (Summer 2004): 180, accessed June 24, 2013, EBSCOhost Communication and Mass Media Complete.3. Robert Loblaw, “Bob Loblaw’s Law Blog,” accessed June 24, 2013,
27The AnswersFünke, Tobias. The Man Inside Me. Newport Beach, CA: Bluth Publications, 2004.Consalvo, Mia. “Borg Babes, Drones, and the Collective: Reading Gender and the Body in Star Trek.” Women’s Studies in Communication 27, no. 2 (Summer 2004): Accessed June 24, EBSCOhost Communication and Mass Media Complete.Loblaw, Robert. “Bob Loblaw’s Law Blog.” Accessed June 24,