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Presenter: Spike Cover Date: June 27, 2008. Koi Dealer Best Health Practices Certification Program What the heck is it?

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Presentation on theme: "Presenter: Spike Cover Date: June 27, 2008. Koi Dealer Best Health Practices Certification Program What the heck is it?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Presenter: Spike Cover Date: June 27, 2008

2 Koi Dealer Best Health Practices Certification Program What the heck is it?

3 Koi Dealers  Not hobbyists  Not breeders or farmers  Not grow-out facilities  But KOI DEALERS – retail & wholesale

4 Best Health Practices  Best = best practical, but not perfect  Health = koi health  Practices = consistent and controlled way of doing things

5 Certification Program  Certification = verification  Program = organized endeavor

6 Put it all together  Organized endeavor  Koi Dealers  Practically control fish health  Certified = verified

7 BHP

8 What’s the BHP trying to do? Stop KHV disease at the dealer level So KHV disease is not passed on to hobbyist

9 Is this possible?  Not completely (in practical sense)  So why do it at all?  Stopping some KHV is better than stopping none  It’s possible to intercept and stop all ACTIVE KHV DISEASE (KHVD)

10 Andy Goodwin (I love this guy!) …With many things, it is easy to reduce the risk by 95%, but really hard to reduce it by 99%. Some folks argue that if there are any leaks at all, the whole thing is not worth doing. The more practical amongst us recognize that reducing risk by 95% is a very real benefit…

11 Why can’t we stop it all?  Latency = carriers

12 Can we find the carriers?  Probably yes  How?  Antibodies  Serum Neutralization – looks for antibody effect  ELISA – look for the antibodies  So ………………………….

13 Why not test?  Testing is relatively expensive  So why not just sample test?  What sample size is meaningful?

14 Huh?

15 Now this we can understand…

16 So how much is it?  Serum neutralization - $20 per test at UGA + blood draw + vet fee + shipping  ELISA - $25 per test at UC Davis + blood draw + local vet fee + shipping + $30 UC Davis vet fee

17 Sampling cost example….  Number of koi in “the batch” = 250  Estimated incidence of latent KHV = 2%  Number of samples required = 110 (from chart for 95% confidence)  Serum neutralization testing = 110 fish x $20 = $2,200 or $8.80 / fish

18 Is lesser sampling an option?  Sure – but with lesser confidence  In the example, sampling 5 fish is virtually meaningless for untested fish unless latency is a very high percentage

19 When should we test?  Whenever it makes economic sense  Probably not on “cheap fish”  Probably so on “not-cheap fish”  If and whenever an owner requests testing – included in the price

20 Meanwhile………… Back at the ranch……….

21 Who’s doing the BHP?  Project KHV is sponsor & management  BHP authors group – (alpha order)  Jerry Heidel, DVM, PhD  Tim Miller-Morgan, DVM  Denise Petty, DVM  Allen Riggs, DVM  Richard Strange, PhD

22 What are BHP goals?  Voluntary system in willing koi dealerships that will,  Stop KHVD before it enters the retail stocks  So not passed on to hobbyists

23 Goals (cont.)  Independent verification – by vets  Certificate issued – by vets  Ongoing reporting and inspections  Recertification with continued compliance

24 Questions we’ve heard ….  Who wants this program?  Aren’t dealer the better choice to do a program?  Why are hobbyists involved?  Why try to force dealers to do this?  Why are KHA being suggested to be the overseers?

25 Who wants it?  Market research – late ‘06 to early ‘07  50 US koi dealers  20 US veterinarians  75% of the dealers liked it  100% of the vets liked it

26 What about a Dealer program?  A dealer generated program would be preferable  There is no similar program by Dealers and none is planned  A good program takes ~ 3 years

27 Why are hobbyists involved?  Dealers didn’t do it  Vets didn’t do it  Hobbyists jumped in to simply …. GET IT DONE  Project KHV is already planning an exit  Once it’s well started – hobbyists will leave

28 Hobbyists’ involvement (cont.)  Veterinarians are writing the program  Dealers and Vets are Beta testing BHP  Vets & dealers will “cut their own deals”  Vets seen as final program management

29 Why force the dealers?  BHP will be an all-voluntary program  Everyone is free to participate or not – Dealers and Vets  Hopefully hobbyists will apply pressure from “bottom up”  BTW, Project KHV will GIVE the basic BHP to vets that agree to not to certify non-compliant dealers

30 KHAs as reviewers?  One of those internet speculations that gained a life of its own  KHAs will NOT be involved  Veterinarians will be the independent third party reviewers/certifiers

31 What’s the BHP status?  Base document nearly complete thru 1 st draft  Online course for certifying vets started June 21 st ~ 10 to 12 vets in the course  Dealer Beta test sites identified ~ 15 dealers  Legal review underway

32 Just for gee whiz…

33 Down the road…..  Start Beta testing (dealers) ~ mid-July  Finish Beta testing ~ Sept ‘08  Collect feedback and start BHP modifications ~ thru end of ’08  Finish modifications and start final reviews ~ 1 st Qtr ’09  Wrap up & National release ~ 2 nd Qtr ‘09

34 Summary  BHP goal = stop KHVD at the dealer  Koi Dealers only – Totally voluntary  Veterinarians write the program  Veterinarians certify compliance  Hobbyists exit after good start  Provides a basis for better all around koi health at dealers

35 QUESTIONS? Thank you…….

36 The end……………..


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