Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Makiko Tanaka Who is she?. Natsuki Hoshi Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers:Necessary or Unnecessary.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Makiko Tanaka Who is she?. Natsuki Hoshi Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers:Necessary or Unnecessary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Makiko Tanaka Who is she?

2 Natsuki Hoshi Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers:Necessary or Unnecessary

3 OUTLINE 1. Back Ground 2. Defining the terms 3. Necessary 4. Unnecessary 5. Analysis 6. Conclusion

4 Background 2004 ~ 「外国語」 compulsory for junior high students 2011 ~ 「外国語活動」 compulsory for 5 th and 6 th graders in elementary school. ※ In principle English should be selected for foreign language activities.

5 OUTLINE 1. Back Ground 2. Defining the terms 3. Necessary 4. Unnecessary 5. Analysis 6. Conclusion

6 2. Defining the terms Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers: Necessary or Unnecessary 外国語活動(英語) 1.To form the foundation of pupils’ communication abilities through foreign languages 2.Developing the understanding of languages and cultures through various experiences 3.Fostering a positive attitude toward communication 4.Familiarizing pupils with the sounds and basic expressions of foreign languages. ( MEXT2009)

7 2. Defining the terms Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers: Necessary or Unnecessary All the children who have attained the age of 6 are required to attend elementary school for six years. Elementary schools aim at giving children between the ages of 6 and 12

8 2. Defining the terms Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers: Necessary or Unnecessary Compulsory English will be beneficial and useful for building pupils communication abilities.

9 2. Defining the terms Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers: Necessary or Unnecessary Compulsory English will be useless and meaningless for building pupils communication abilities

10 OUTLINE 1. Back Ground 2. Defining the terms 3. Necessary 4. Unnecessary 5. Analysis 6. Conclusion

11 3. Necessary 3.1 Need for “Global 人材 ” 3.2 The faster you learn a language the more advantage

12 3.1 Need for “Global 人材 ” Definition of global 人材 1. 「既成概念に捉われず、チャレンジ精神を持ち続け る」姿勢 2. 外国語によるコミュニケーション能力 3. 海外との文化、価値観の差に興味・関心を持ち柔軟 に対応する (経団連2011)

13 3.1 Need for “Global 人材 ” Definition of global 人材 「 日本人としてのアイデンティティを持ちな がら、広い視野に立って培われる教養と専 門性、異なる言語、文化、価値を乗り越え て関係を構築するためのコミュニケーショ ン能力と協調性、新しい価値を創造する能 力、次世代までも視野に入れた社会貢献の 意識などを持った人間」 ( MEXT 2011)

14 3.1 Need for “Global 人材 ” ( 経団連2011) Compulsory English will be beneficial and useful for building pupils communication abilities

15 3.1 Need for “Global 人材 ” We think middle layers and store managers should be global 人 材. I tell young people that they are not going to be able to do business in just Japanese anymore. Many foreign companies are coming in to Japan and we are also heading out as well. Quite simply, there’s a global competition going on. In order to show leadership you need to be able to speak English. (Nikkei Business 2012) Compulsory English will be beneficial and useful for building pupils communication abilities

16 3.2 The faster you learn a language the more advantage 「生まれたときは、それぞれの言語が発する周波数す べてに耳が開かれているが、成長とともに、いつも 聞いている周波数にしか反応しなくなる。」 日本語は低周波音域 英語は高周波音域 The faster you learn a language =better listening and pronunciation ( 中村あつこ 2008) Compulsory English will be beneficial and useful for building pupils communication abilities

17 3.2 The faster you learn a language the more advantage (MEXT2004) Compulsory English will be beneficial and useful for building pupils communication abilities

18 OUTLINE 1. Back Ground 2. Defining the terms 3. Necessary 4. Unnecessary 5. Analysis 6. Conclusion

19 4. Unnecessary 4.1 Trapped in colonial mentality West> Japan 4.2 Learning Japanese and Japanese culture is the first priority.

20 4.1 Trapped in colonial mentality West > Japan "In Japan, there is a deep-seated notion that the English language belongs to Britain and the United States” ( 本名信行 2012)

21 4.1 Trapped in colonial mentality West> Japan Program Output expectation (Nobuyuki Honna 2008) Students American Engish American English Speakers

22

23

24

25 English belongs to the West Colonial Mentality Compulsory English will be useless and meaningless for building pupils communication abilities

26 4. Unnecessary 4.1 Trapped in colonial mentality West> Japan 4.2 Learning Japanese and Japanese culture is the first priority.

27 4.2 Learning Japanese and Japanese culture is the first priority. 「母語能力が確立されていない時期に、母語教育 の機会が閉ざされた状態で第2言語のみによる学 習を行うことは、基礎的な認知能力の発達に不可 欠で重要な言語システムを破壊し、子どもを、表 現と思考の道具としての母語も第2言語も用いる ことができない状態におとしいれる」 (宮島喬・梶田孝道, 1996)

28 4.2 Learning Japanese and Japanese culture is the first priority. 「母語の確立している子どもはもとより、形成途 上の子どもも、ものの知見や認知、抽象的能力等、 思考能力そのものが母語との関連で形成されてい る。」 (宮島喬・太田晴雄2005) Compulsory English will be useless and meaningless for building pupils communication abilities Disturbing and Damaging Japanese Development

29 OUTLINE 1. Back Ground 2. Defining the terms 3. Necessary 4. Unnecessary 5. Analysis 6. Conclusion

30 4. Analysis 3.1 Looking for “Global 人材 ” The definition for Global 人材 just says a different language. It is not defined as English. Compulsory English will be beneficial and useful for building pupils communication abilities

31 5. Analysis 3.1Need for “ グローバル人材 ” ” Japan does trading a lot with Asian countries. 1 2 3 5 4 7 10 9 6 8

32 4. Analysis 3.2 The faster you learn a language the more advantage Only better pronunciation. Not better communication skills. Compulsory English will be beneficial and useful for building pupils communication abilities

33 5. Analysis 4.1 Trapped in colonial mentality West> Japan Kazuo Hirai Sadako Ogata Yusuke Iseya Compulsory English will be useless and meaningless for building pupils communication abilities

34 5. Analysis 4.1 Trapped in colonial mentality West> Japan ( 内閣府 2011) Myth

35 5. Analysis 4.2 Learning Japanese and Japanese culture is the first priority. 2011 ) ( 京都市教育委員会 2011 ) Compulsory English will be useless and meaningless for building pupils communication abilities

36 5. Final Analysis 3.1 Trading mostly with Asian countries → however, English is spoken in many Asian countries. World Englishes 3.2 Better pronunciation =Better communication? 4.1 Colonial mentality West> Japan → Myth 4.2 Time for 「国語」 increased → Has stronger Japanese base than before Compulsory English Necessary Compulsory English Unnecessary

37 OUTLINE 1. Back Ground 2. Defining the terms 3. Necessary 4. Unnecessary 5. Analysis 6. Conclusion

38 Compulsory English for elementary schoolers Necessary

39 OUTLINE 1. Back Ground 2. Defining the terms 3. Necessary 4. Unnecessary 5. Analysis 6. Conclusion

40 Future Research ・ Japanese support for children who come from broad ・ Bilingualism Education

41 Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers:Necessary or Unnecessary


Download ppt "Makiko Tanaka Who is she?. Natsuki Hoshi Compulsory English for Elementary Schoolers:Necessary or Unnecessary."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google