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Presentation on theme: "Actual vs. Standard Food Cost MONITORING FOODSERVICE OPERATIONS."— Presentation transcript:


2 ESTABLISHING STANDARDS Setting standards are somewhat like goals. In setting standards within a foodservice environment, management needs to consciously consider the level of standards to adopt: Achievable standards are realistically within reach. Such standards take into account normal spoilage and inefficiency. Ideal standards may never be reached. They represent what will result in a state of perfection (e.g., no spoiled goods, no worker errors, etc.). Many foodservice operations avoid ideal standards because they fear that employees will see ideal standards as meaningless since they cannot hope to achieve them.

3 Management needs to adjust the potential food cost to include waste and spoilage that occurs during normal preparation, as well as an allowance for complimentary or discounted meals to employees and guests. Are used as target costs (or basis for comparison with the actual costs) Are developed from historical data analysis. They almost always vary from actual costs, because every situation has its share of unpredictable factors. STANDARD COST

4 Is a sheet based on standard costs Contains sales on one side and the food cost % in the other column. (referred to daily food cost % as well) Another column is added, known as forecast. PRE-COST MENU ABSTRACT

5 DateStandard CostSalesStandard Cost % 1- Mar$981.15$2778.0035.21% 2- Mar$1035.85$2919.2035.45% 3- Mar$1106.95$3056.9536.21% 4- Mar$1091.95$3094.2035.29% 5- Mar$1077.20$3427.3531.43% Total$5293.10$15,275.70 Total Stand. Cost$5293.10 Total Sales$15,275.70 Standard Cost % 34.65% Standard Cost/ Sales = Standard Cost % Total Standard Cost/Total Sales = Standard Cost %

6 With these totals available, it is easy to project gross profit and standard cost percent. If the projections are judged satisfactory, the manager can send the menu to a printer. If they are not considered satisfactory, various changes can be made, because production has not yet started. Essentially, a new forecast can be developed. Standard cost and sales figures may be raised or lowered, depending on which is desirable, by the following means: 1. Sales prices may be changed. 2.Standard portion costs may be changed by altering portion standards: sizes, ingredients, recipes, or some combination of these. 3.Menu items may be added or eliminated. MENU ABSTRACT CONCLUSION

7 Is a list of projected sales volume. Items are listed in terms of units forecasted to be sold. Items are compared to with actual units sold to compute the difference (+ or -) The forecasted volume is later multiplied by the cost price which becomes the sales forecast. An acceptable variance will range from half to three percentage points of food sales. The difference between actual food cost and standard food cost reflects inefficiencies that should have been controlled by management. VOLUME FORECAST AND SALES FORECAST

8 VOLUME FORECAST DAILY COMPARISON Menu ItemSales ForecastActual SalesDifference Oyster Rockefeller1615- 1 Ginger Shrimp781 Strip Steak1513-2 Lamb Chops781 Trout Almandine770 Cheesecake64-2 Frozen Choc. Parfait 572 Fruit and Cheese53-2 Total Covers6865 Formula: Actual Sales – Sales Forecast = Difference

9 Unfavorable variances signal waste, or inefficiency of some sort. However, one must also be wary of favorable variances. Favorable variances can mean that food personnel are not following standardized recipes (preparing Fruits de Mer with cod fish instead of lobster), serving portions that are smaller than standard (serving 8 ounce steaks instead of 12 ounce steaks), and so on. FOOD COST VARIANCES

10 1.To see if a menu item has sold in greater quantities than forecasted. 2.To determine the extent to which forecasts are wrong. 3.To see the extent to which forecasting techniques can be improved. 3 REASONS FOR COMPARING FORECAST VS. ACTUAL FIGURES

11 The actual food cost percentage appears on the monthly income statement. This is the cost of the food consumed by your customers, and does not include employee meals or spoilage. Although the actual food cost indicates what the food cost is currently running, it has little value unless the operator knows what the target percentage should be. /56/n-1656-8.html ACTUAL FOOD COST

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