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Hooking the Reader Ask a Question ???????? Use Figurative Language Narrate a Personal Experience Use a Quote From a Famous Person State Your Opinion Use.

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Presentation on theme: "Hooking the Reader Ask a Question ???????? Use Figurative Language Narrate a Personal Experience Use a Quote From a Famous Person State Your Opinion Use."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hooking the Reader Ask a Question ???????? Use Figurative Language Narrate a Personal Experience Use a Quote From a Famous Person State Your Opinion Use a Definition Make a Bold Or Challenging Statement

2 Hooking a reader when you are writing an essay is just as important as a movie trailer is to the success of the movie.You want to give “a little bit” of the content, but you really want them to “buy the ticket.” This presentation will introduce you to some types of introductions so that you can use them as your own when you write.

3 REMEMBER THE RULE OF 3! Your introduction should have at least 3 concise and clear sentences. You should accomplish 3 things with your introduction: ❑ Get the reader’s attention ❑ Present your topic and purpose ❑ Connect with your audience

4 WHAT IF I COULD OFFER EACH OF YOU $500,000?

5 NO, you will not have to do anything illegal!!!

6 So, would you like to know how to get it?

7 GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL!!!! Studies show that people who graduate from high school will earn at least $500,000 more in their lifetime than people who do not. Staying in school will determine whether or not you get the $500,000.

8 Well, did I get your attention? This is an example of one way to hook your reader in the introduction: asking a question. You can ask a rhetorical question that draws the reader into wanting to read further to discover the answer to the question. Ask an interesting question that you will answer in your essay.

9 Use Questions to “Hook” Your Reader! Let’s Take a Closer Look at Some Examples

10 “Acne, baldness, sterility. Sound attractive, fellas? Or ladies, how about a deep voice, facial hair, and kidney damage? All of these appealing attributes, along with many others, are side effects of using steroids, yet people continue to use them!"

11 Have you ever wondered how you would survive if you found yourself alone in the jungle? How would you defend yourself against predators? What would you eat? Where would you find water? Read Lord of the Flies to see just how a group of teenagers manage to survive! Evaluative Writing

12 Sample Questions to AVOID! AVOID meaningless questions that don’t ask the reader to think critically; a question you don’t expect the reader to answer. Examples of Meaningless Questions “Do you hate school uniforms? I do.” “Do you have a favorite season? Well I do.” “Have you ever wondered why people believe in school uniforms? Well, I’ll tell you.”

13 Another technique that writers use to engage the writer is to share a personal experience in the introduction. Let’s Look at Some Examples

14 Use a Personal Experience I walked into the cold, white room on April 23, The beeping of the machines echoed immensely in my head and I knew that noise would haunt me for the rest of my life. I walked in further to join my family that stood beside the bed. I hung my head in grief and through tears got one last look.

15 I bent over and gently whispered, "Good-bye Grandma, I love you." It was then the nurse made the machines make a more painful sound; the sound of silence. This is the act of euthanasia which is the hardest decision for a family to make when the choice is suffering in life or inflicting immediate death.

16 “10, 9, 8, 7, 6…” It was my first basketball game and I had the ball with the clock ticking away. I was standing on top of the world. However, to get to that point, I had to go through pre-game jitters, the embarrassing shot, and the opponent’s hard stares. Yes, it takes determination to succeed.

17 Two Effective Techniques - Questions -Narrate a personal experience In the steroid introduction, the writer involves the reader in his or her topic before it is even introduced using questions. In the euthanasia introduction, the writer is so pulled in by the details of the story that the reader already trusts the writer as a person.

18 It’s your turn to practice! For the following prompt, write an introduction using either a question or a personal experience.

19 REMEMBER THE RULE OF 3! Write 3 clear sentences ❑ Get the reader’s attention ❑ Present your topic and purpose ❑ Connect with your audience

20 The superintendent of your school district is concerned about the recent incidents of school violence and wants to take positive steps in hopes of preventing further violence. He has created a task force consisting of teachers, parents, and students to address the issue, and you have been chosen to serve on the task force. He wants you to draw upon your own personal knowledge of the issue of violence among students at your school. Write a letter to the superintendent on how to eliminate school violence in our schools.

21 LET’S SHARE OUR INTRODUCTIONS

22 PART TWO: “Hooking the Reader”

23 WHAT PHRASE IS THIS GREAT CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER MOST FAMOUS FOR?

24 I Have a Dream

25 OPEN WITH A QUOTATION Open with a quotation that is well- known (but be sure to put quotation marks around it). You can also use a quotation from someone that is not famous. It could be from a song, movie, or one of your own.

26 Examples of Famous Quotes “A penny saved is a penny earned.” –Benjamin Franklin “All that glitters is not gold.” – Shakespeare Student Example: John F. Kennedy once said, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." I think today's Americans have forgotten Kennedy's message. We expect our country to take care of us, but we are not taking care of our country.

27 Use Figurative Language to Hook Your Reader “Time fly’s when you are having fun!”

28 Begin with a simile - Comparison using “like” or “as” Begin with a metaphor - Comparison stating one thing is another thing Begin with personification - Give non living objects human characteristics

29 Example: Mississippi is the red-headed step-child of Hurricane Katrina. How do you ask? The loss of life and property in this gulf state have almost been completely forgotten by the rest of the country.

30 Additional Examples: ▪Tardies have overtaken our schools like cancer. (simile) ▪Tardies have become the pimple on our school’s otherwise clear complexion. (metaphor) ▪The bell screams for the students to return to class but his calls are left unanswered. (personification)

31 Practice! Tardies to class are disrupting instruction, leaving unfinished class work to be completed at home. Although rules and consequences were set at the beginning of the year, students are still arriving late. Write a letter to your principal in which you suggest a solution to the problem of tardies to class. Now, YOU write an introduction for this prompt using a quote or figurative language.

32 REMEMBER THE RULE OF 3! Write 3 clear sentences ❑ Get the reader’s attention ❑ Present your topic and purpose ❑ Connect with your audience

33

34 Let’s Review: Ask a Question Share a Personal Experience Open with a quotation Use figurative language

35 PART THREE: “Hooking the Reader”

36 Make a Bold Statement The introductions in this section will deal with speaking your mind, making a bold statement to emphasize your position.

37 A bold and challenging statement is similar to an announcement, but is meant to cause some people to disagree with what you say. It's like one side of an argument. It can be an opinion, but don't immediately state that it is your opinion. Example: Using horses and cattle in the sport of rodeo is animal abuse. What makes it more aggravating is that it is legal. According to the law, there is nothing wrong with chasing an animal down, tightening a rope around its neck, knocking it to the ground, and tying its legs together so it cannot move.

38 MAKE A BOLD STATEMENT Making a bold or strong statement can get the reader’s attention. Making a bold statement also sets the tone for your essay and establishes you as someone who has clear and concise thoughts.

39 "It's time we faced the facts of the matter. They have been gassed, poisoned, starved and sterilized. Yet, they still thrive today in vast numbers and are multiplying at alarming rates. If we do not fight back, they could take over the world! I deeply regret to inform you the Orkin man did not accomplish his mission. I'm talking about cockroaches!"

40 Open with a Definition Open with a definition of the term you are discussing and writing about. It can be your own or come from a dictionary, textbook, or other source. Example: According to Webster's Dictionary, government is defined as the authority that serves the people and acts on their behalf. How can the government know what the people want if the people do not vote? If we do not vote, the government may act on its own behalf instead of on the behalf of the people.

41 Give Your Opinion Come on, you guys do this all the time, right? So, instead of dancing around the topic, tell the reader what you think about it in the introduction. Example “There is no question cell phones should be allowed on campus.”

42 As you can see, “hooking the reader” is the key to success in writing! BUT…. Don’t forget the following tips

43 Tip #1 Do NOT use the following phrases: “In this essay…” “I am going to tell you about…” “I will write about…” “The first reason is…” “The second reason is…”

44 Tip #2 Don’t bump into trees along the way

45 Tip #3 Do NOT use the following phrases: “In this essay…” “I am going to tell you about…” “I will write about…” “The first reason is…” “The second reason is…”

46 Tip #4 - Know Your Strengths

47 Tip #5 Do NOT use the following phrases: “In this essay…” “I am going to tell you about…” “I will write about…” “The first reason is…” “The second reason is…”

48 Hooking the Viewer = Hooking the Reader! Tip #6 – Always Remember! Hooking the Viewer = Hooking the Reader!

49 DON”T FORGET! Do NOT use the following phrases: “In this essay…” “I am going to tell you about…” “I will write about…” “The first reason is…” “The second reason is…”

50 Take out all of your notes on introductions… For the following writing prompts: ✓ Write three different introductions. ✓ Remember the rule of 3! –Gain the reader’s attention –Present your topic and purpose –Connect with your audience AND, MOST IMPORTANTLY, REMEMBER THE THINGS TO AVOID!


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