3Analyzing a PoemEven though poems have verses, they usually still follow rules of punctuation. Look at one sentence or one clause at a time, not one line at a time.Tone- look for words with definite negative or positive connotation (feelings or ideas associated with words)Try to paraphrase in chunks.Rhythm? Fast paced? Slow paced? March?Let images, sounds, smells, etc. enter your brain.Consider: why did the poet write this poem?Theme: is there an overall message about the human experience to take away?Don’t miss key words like BUT, or OR, or AND, or IFWho is speaking? It’s different than the poet! Audience?
4“To His Coy Mistress” page 693 Coy= shyness that is intended to attractDisingenuous= the opposite of genuine#1 conditional verbs would _____#7 skipDespondent –low spirits
5To His Coy Mistress p. 693Coy –shy in order to flirt or get attention. Not a common word.Hyperbole – he would praise her eyes for a hundred years, and her forehead for two hundred, etc.It’s a love poem until…SHIFT “BUT at my back I always hear time’s winged chariot hurrying near”Paraphrase All of your beauty will eventually diminishAllusion A reference to another work of literature, art, history, or current event. The first stanza is packed full
6“To His Coy Mistress”Imagery – “then worms shall try that long preserved virginity,” “at every pore with instant fires”Understatement- “The grave’s a fine and private place/ But none, I think, do there embrace.”Erotic diction: amorous, devour, sweetness, “tear our pleasures”Personification “though we cannot make our sun/ stand still, yet we will make him run.”
7Other Figurative Language Terms Consonance An instance in which identical final consonant sounds in nearby words follow different vowel sounds.Ex: blade and blood, flesh and flashOnomatopoeia Words that refer to and mimic soundsEx: boom, crashAssonance The repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of words, such as a stanza. Ex: so, lone, echoed, groanArchetype a collectively-inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., that is universally present in individual psyches.Ex: hero, unhealable wound, temptress
8ThemeA statement (or two) or a question related to the human experience.NOT ONE WORDNOT A CLICHÉExample: In some cases, under extreme injustice, shy and otherwise quiet people may actively rebel in order to stand up for themselves.Example: If people feel imprisoned because of the expectations of conformity, they may resort to violent rebellion.Example: Major changes can occur in a person without him or her realizing.
9Rhetorical QuestionA question asked in order to make a point rather than to collect information
10ColloquialismsAn expression or language construction appropriate only for casual, informal speaking or writing.Ex: “I toldja shut up, Ellie”“I’m out, boys.”
11JuxtapositionPlacing two things side by side for the sake of comparison or contrast.HAMLET:To be, or not to be: that is the question:Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep
12Parable A tale told explicitly to illustrate a moral lesson. They can take the form of drama, poetry, or fiction.
13The Metamorphosis Remember me? Take twelve minutes to answer as many of the question on the review sheet as possible.The Metamorphosis begins on page 945 in your textbookNote to Ms. Mullen: Don’t forget to show the other PowerPoint, too.
14Existentialism Merriam Webster: Existentialism is a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement embracing diverse doctrines but centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad.
16Definition – Second try Existentialists believe that individuals must take responsibility for their own actions without the certainty of right and wrong/ good or bad from religion, morality, or scientific thought.Humans are SOLELY responsible for their actions. WE ALONE create our own values and give meaning to life.That means the universe is otherwise meaningless and there is no God.
17What is the meaning of life? We have to make our meaning!
18PositivesWe are not guided by or given instructions to follow by an outside force of higher power. We are free to follow our own path and make our own choices.
19NegativesWe are not guided by or given instructions to follow by an outside force of higher power. We are free to follow our own path and make our own choices.
21Characteristics Anguish – we cannot escape our responsibilities Forlornness –absence of GodDespair –lonelyAbsurdity – As humans we find value and meaning in things, but really the universe is meaningless
22Surrealisma 20th-century art form in which an artist or writer combines unrelated images or events in a very strange and dreamlike way.The aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality.“In response to WWI, following the Dada movementStream of consciousness- spontaneously writing without censoring thoughts