Presentation on theme: "Satire, Existentialism, Absurdism, and Postmodernism"— Presentation transcript:
1Satire, Existentialism, Absurdism, and Postmodernism Catch-22Satire, Existentialism, Absurdism, and Postmodernism
2SatireIn satire, human or individual vices, follies, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure by means of ridicule, derision, irony, or other methods, ideally with the intent to bring about improvement.Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily humor in itself so much as an attack on something of which the author strongly disapproves, using the weapon of wit.
4Existentialism The individual is autonomous Existence precedes essence.The individual exists in a crisis environment.
5AbsurdismAbsurdism is a philosophy stating that the efforts of humanity to find meaning in the universe ultimately fail (and hence are absurd), because no such meaning exists, at least in relation to the individual. The word "absurd" in this context does not mean "logically impossible," but rather "humanly impossible."Absurdism is related to existentialism and has its roots in Kierkegaard. Absurdism as a belief system was born of the existentialist movement.
6AbsurdismThere is a fundamental disharmony between man's search for meaning and the apparent meaninglessness of the universe. As beings looking for meaning in a meaningless world, humans have three ways of resolving the dilemma.Escape from the worldReligious transcendenceAcceptance of the absurd
7Postmodernism Rejects distinction between high and low art Reject genre distinctionsEmphasizes parody, irony, and playfulnessIncludes self-consciousness, fragmentation, discontinuity, and ambiguityLack of structureIf the world is meaningless, let’s just play with nonsense because art cannot necessarily create meaning.
8Postmodernism Mini-narratives rather than global truths Examples? Situational, provisional, contingent, and temporary making no claim to universality, truth, reason, or stability.Examples?