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The Learn to Read the Bible Effectively Seminar Week 3.

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Presentation on theme: "The Learn to Read the Bible Effectively Seminar Week 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Learn to Read the Bible Effectively Seminar Week 3

2 Last Week Last week we looked at….  Why Two Testaments?  The Role of Prophecy  Tips on Reading  Overview of the Books of the Bible (Part 2)  Terminology (Part 1)

3 Overview Overview Week 3  Study Tools (Part 1)  Overview of the Books of the Bible (Part 3)  Terminology (Part 2)  Using Cross References

4 Section 11 Study Tools (Part 1)

5 Concordances & Lexicons Concordance  alphabetical index of words in the Bible Lexicon  like a dictionary - words with definitions

6 Purpose of a Concordance Useful when trying to find a verse Useful for word studies Recommended concordances  Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance (includes lexicons)   Young’s Analytical Concordance   Computer versions   On-Line Bible (free)   Logos Bible Software

7 Purpose of a Lexicon Principle use - looking up definitions Insight into how else a given word is used Recommended Lexicons  Strong’s  Young’s  Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon  Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon

8 Using Concordances & Lexicons Hmm…Where in the Bible is the wonderful verse of hope - “But as truly as I live all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD”? Need to choose a word to look up….  How about “filled”

9 Extract from Strong’s Concordance

10 Using Concordances & Lexicons The Old Testament was written in  Hebrew The New Testament was written in  Greek Sometimes we miss something beautiful because we only read English…..

11 An Example - John 21 Let’s Read John A strange conversation…. So when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of John, do you love Me more than these?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." He said to him, "Tend My lambs." He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of John, do you love me?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." He said to him, "Shepherd My sheep." He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of John, do you love me?" Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, "Do you love me?" And he said to Him," Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you. "Jesus said to him," tend My sheep.

12 An Example - John

13 An Example - John 21 John A strange conversation…. So when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of John, do you love Me more than these?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." He said to him, "Tend My lambs." He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of John, do you love me?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I love you." He said to him, "Shepherd My sheep." He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of John, do you love me?" Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, "Do you love me?" And he said to Him," Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you. "Jesus said to him," tend My sheep.

14 An Example - John 21 What do the words mean?  25 agapao {ag-ap-ah'-o} perhaps from agan (much) AV - love (135) - beloved (7) [142]  of persons: to welcome, to entertain, to be fond of, to love dearly  of things: to be well pleased, to be contented at or with a thing  5368 phileo {fil-eh'-o} from 5384 AV - love (22) - kiss (3) [25]  to love; to approve of; to like; sanction; to treat affectionately or kindly, to welcome, befriend  to show signs of love; to kiss  to be fond of doing; be wont, use to do Sacrificial Love Brotherly Love

15 An Example - John 21 Let’s Read John A strange conversation…. So when they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of John, do you (sacrificially) love Me more than these?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I (brotherly) love you." He said to him, "Tend My lambs." He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of John, do you (sacrificially) love me?" He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; you know that I (brotherly) love you." He said to him, "Shepherd My sheep." He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of John, do you (brotherly) love me?" Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, "Do you (brotherly) love me?" And he said to Him," Lord, you know all things; you know that I (brotherly) love you. "Jesus said to him," tend My sheep.

16 An Example - John 21 Jesus asks… Peter, Do you love me with the sacrificing love in which you would die for me as a matter of principle? Peter replies… Lord, you know that I am your friend, that I have a deep and fond affection for you.

17 An Example - John 21 Again Jesus asks… Peter, Do you love me with the sacrificing love in which you would die for me as a matter of principle? Again Peter replies… Lord, you know that I am your friend, that I have a deep and fond affection for you.

18 An Example - John 21 The third time Jesus asks… Peter, do you love me with great fondness, affection and deep brotherly friendship? And Peter replies… Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you as a friend!

19 Peter learns the lesson... “The elders which are among you, I exhort….feed the flock of God which is among you…” (1 Peter 5.1-2) “…above all things have fervent love” (1 Pet 4.8) - what love? “…above all things have fervent love (agapao)”!

20 Section 12 Overview of the Books of the Bible (Part 3)

21 (Part 3 - Solomon to Northern Exile) Overview of Books of the Bible Solomon to Northern Exile Reign of Solomon 1,2 Kings 1,2 Chronicles Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Prophets to the Nations Jonah Nahum Prophets to Israel & Judah Northern Kingdom Amos Hosea Southern Kingdom Isaiah Micah

22 1 & 2 Kings Author - Not known for certain Time BC Overview  History of Jewish monarchy  Solomon  Split of Kingdom Northern - Israel - Jeroboam –Exile of Israel by Assyria Southern - Judah - Rehoboam

23 1 & 2 Chronicles Author - Ezra Time BC Overview  Reminder of nations history  Overview of all kings from Saul to Zedekiah  Exile into Babylon

24 Proverbs Author - Solomon and others Time BC Overview  Wisdom  Various proverbs for daily living  Example Pr 17:28 Even a fool is thought wise if he keeps silent, and discerning if he holds his tongue.

25 Ecclesiastes Author - Solomon Time - 960BC Overview  Final book in the wisdom literature  Worthlessness of life without God  Example Ecc 1.2 “Meaningless! Meaningless!” says the Teacher. “Utterly meaningless! Everything is meaningless.” Ecc 1.2 “Meaningless! Meaningless!” says the Teacher. “Utterly meaningless! Everything is meaningless.”

26 Song of Solomon Author - Solomon Time - About 960 BC Overview  Hebrew poetry  Love story  Parable of relationship between Christ and his bride

27 Jonah Author - Jonah Time BC Overview  Jonah asked to warn Ninevah of impending destruction  Jonah flees  Whale  Jonah obeys  Ninevah repents

28 Amos Author - Amos Time BC Overview  Judgement against nations  Judgement against Israel  Promise of their restoration

29 Hosea Author - Hosea Time BC Overview  Prophet’s married life as a parable  Judgement against Israel  A hope for Israel

30 Isaiah Author - Isaiah Time BC Overview  Identifies problem of idolatry  Rebukes people of Judah  Gives promise of Messiah Isaiah 7.14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

31 Micah Author - Micah Time BC Overview  Judgement against Judah  False prophets  Vision of hope

32 Nahum Author - Nahum Time BC Overview  140 years after Jonah  Nineveh’s doom declared  Nineveh’s doom described  Nineveh’s doom deserved

33 Section 13 Terminology (Part 2)

34 Sadducee  Religious party - no resurrection or angels Pharisee  Religious party - opposed Jesus Priest  Performed duties within tabernacle, Levites Apostle  Messenger, one sent

35 Terminology (Part 2) Tabernacle  Dwelling place/portable temple “…Behold the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them…” (Rev 21.3) Sin  Disobeying God’s commands (1 John 3.4) Repent  Turn around!

36 Section 14 Using Cross References

37 Use Bible to interpret itself What is a cross reference?  Verse(s) that are similar/ relate to current verse Types of cross references  Center References  End of Verse/Footnotes  Separate Books (Treasury of Scripture Knowledge)

38 Using Cross References Why did Jesus say this? Cross reference shows that Jesus is quoting from Psalm 22.1

39 Using Cross References Link teachings between OT & NT  Question to John - “Are you that prophet?” John Deut Deut 18: "The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him. 16"This is according to all that you asked of the LORD your God in Horeb on the day of the assembly, saying, 'Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, let me not see this great fire anymore, lest I die.' 17"And the LORD said to me, 'They have spoken well. 18'I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.

40 Using Cross References Fill in details on Persons, Places, Subjects  Who is Melchizedek? Hebrews 5.6 Gen , Ps 110.4, Hebrews 7.17,21 Gen 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was a priest of God Most High. Ps 110:4 The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind, "Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek." Heb 7:17 For it is witnessed of Him "Thou art a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek."

41 Using Cross References Filling in details of parallel accounts  Who are the “they” that asked Jesus? Luke Matt 24, Mark 13 Matt 24:3 And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?" Mark 13:3 And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew were questioning Him privately,

42 Using Cross References Clarification of Passage/Meaning  Preaching to Samaritans Where did this happen? Gen 33: And Jacob bought the piece of land where he had pitched his tent from the hand of the sons of Hamor, Shechem's father, for one hundred pieces of money. Josh 24:32 Now they buried the bones of Joseph, which the sons of Israel brought up from Egypt, at Shechem, in the piece of ground which Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of money; and they became the inheritance of Joseph's sons.

43 Conclusion This week we looked at:  Study Tools (Part 1)  Overview of the Books of the Bible (Part 3)  Terminology (Part 2)  Using Cross References

44 Conclusion Next week we look at….Next week we look at….  Critics of the Bible  The purpose of God revealed  Overview of the Books of the Bible (Part 4)  Study Tools (Part 2)  Versions of the Bible


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