2 Theoretical Framework What is the central concept(s) integral to the study? (look within and outside LIS)Connecting the study to theory: basic research
3 Good TheoryAdvances knowledge in a discipline, guides, research, enlightens the discipline, helps the discipline mature and gain validationEnables us to rise above the seemingly random confusion of everyday life to see patterns and to understand principles on which to base purposeful, productive actionProvides an important context
4 Theory vs. PracticeWe cannot do without theory. It will always defeat practice in the end for a quite simple reason. Practice is static. It does well what it knows. It has, however, no principle for dealing with what it doesn’t know … Practice is not well adapted for rapid adjustments to a changing environment. Theory is light footed, it can adapt itself to changed circumstances, think out fresh
5 Out fresh combinations and possibilities, peer into the future Out fresh combinations and possibilities, peer into the future. Theory provides a clear framework, administrative practice reduces to a series of meaningless acts, without purpose of direction.Source: Charles H. Granger, Harvard Business Review 42 (May-June 1964), p. 64.
6 Theory Provides patterns for the interpretation of data Links one study to anotherSupplies frameworks within which concepts and variables acquire special significanceAllows us to interpret the larger meaning of our findings for ourselves and othersSource: The elements of social scientific thinking, p. 40
7 Examples Information needs Effectiveness Success Standards information-seeking behaviorEffectivenessTeams/small groupsSuccessReference TransactionsStandardsRUSA, IL, AccreditationExpectationsservice qualitySatisfactionValueSee Measuring your library’s value, Donald S. Elliott et al (ALA, 2007)
8 Theoretical Framework Dalbello, M. (2009). Cultural dimensions of digital library development: Part II the cultural innovations of five European national libraries. Library Quarterly, 79(1).Culture = National Culture + Organizational Culture + Professional Culture + Heterogeneous Tool Kit Culture
12 Logical StructureNot always directly addressed within the published study, but must be addressed by the research during the planning stages.Often possible to represent the logical structure through a diagram or model
13 What Identifies the problem under study May help to brainstorm for contributing factors, causes and effectsMay have to operationalize terms= i.e. success, efficiency, effectiveness, etc.Some methods:Flow ChartFive Why’sFishbone Diagram
14 Fishbone Diagram Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa MaterialsPeoplePoliciesProblem StatementProcessTechnology
15 Who The group under study Identifies the population Identifies the sample within the populationMay have to justify choices
16 When The time frame of the study Sets deadlines Creates context Data collectionLiterature reviewCorrecting for lapsesSets deadlinesCreates context
24 Basic: to conceptualize Applied: to testAction: to describe
25 Objectives To “describe” To “relate:” “compare” or “contrast” (relating applies to basic, applied, and action research)identifydefinedistinguishdetermineDepictetc.
26 ObjectivesTo identify the attributes (requirements, responsibilities, qualifications, and salaries/benefits) of music librariansTo determine the extent to which their responsibilities relate solely to music librarianshipTo compare the attributes listed most frequently in job advertisements with those attributes leading to the actual hiring of individualTo compare the list of attributes identified in job advertisements by: geographical area, highest degree offered by the institution, institutional control (private vs. public)
27 Evaluation Questions How much? How many? How economical? How prompt? How accurate?How responsive?How well?How valuable?How reliable?How courteous?How satisfied?Accountability and Effectiveness = How well?
28 Collections/ services Community served: customers Facilities Others, as institution itselfCustomersLibraryCollections/ servicesCommunity served: customersFacilitiesTechnology and its use
29 Collections/ services Community served: customers Others, as institution itselfCustomersLibraryCollections/ servicesCommunity served: customersFacilitiesTechnology and its useExamples: How much? How many? How well?How satisfied?