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Recognizing Faulty Definitions This tutorial gives you practice in identifying four common types of definitions: lexical, stipulative, precising, and persuasive.

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Presentation on theme: "Recognizing Faulty Definitions This tutorial gives you practice in identifying four common types of definitions: lexical, stipulative, precising, and persuasive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Recognizing Faulty Definitions This tutorial gives you practice in identifying four common types of definitions: lexical, stipulative, precising, and persuasive. Chapter 4.b

2 Fossil means any remains, impression, or trace of an animal or plant of a former geological age, as a skeleton, footprint, etc. Based on your reading of this chapter, what type of definition is this?

3 Fossil means any remains, impression, or trace of an animal or plant of a former geological age, as a skeleton, footprint, etc. Lexical. The purpose of a lexical definition is to report the way a word is standardly used in a language. Most definitions found in a dictionary are lexical definitions.

4 Teenager means a human being, aged 13-19, with a large capacity to take rampant and meaningless criticism from older people who know nothing about them. Based on your reading of this chapter, what type of definition is this?

5 Teenager means a human being, aged 13-19, with a large capacity to take rampant and meaningless criticism from older people who know nothing about them. Persuasive. A persuasive definition is a slanted, biased definition. The purpose of a persuasive definition is to influence people's attitudes, not to neutrally and objectively capture the standard meaning of a word.

6 Sugarnecker means someone who holds up the coffee line by insisting on adding multiple packets of sugar to his or her coffee while standing in line. Based on your reading of this chapter, what type of definition is this?

7 Sugarnecker means someone who holds up the coffee line by insisting on adding multiple packets of sugar to his or her coffee while standing in line. Stipulative. A stipulative definition stipulates (i.e., assigns) a meaning to a word by coining a new word or giving an old word a new meaning.

8 Light (or lite) foods, according to USDA standards, are foods that contain at least one-third fewer calories than comparable products Based on your reading of this chapter, what type of definition is this?

9 Light (or lite) foods, according to USDA standards, are foods that contain at least one-third fewer calories than comparable products [This is the end of the tutorial] X Precising. A precising definition takes a word that is normally vague (e.g., lite, low-income, or middle-aged) and gives it a clear, precisely defined meaning.


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