Presentation on theme: "Absurdism a philosophy based on the belief that the universe is irrational and meaningless and that the search for order brings the individual into conflict."— Presentation transcript:
absurdism a philosophy based on the belief that the universe is irrational and meaningless and that the search for order brings the individual into conflict with the universe — compare existentialism existentialism
Absurdism is like a Ferris Wheel. The particpants are trapped in a revoling circle that does not let them evolve into a better person.
Absurdism was born from Existentialism. During 1950’s post war Europe, Existentialism was alive. Its foundation pushed playwrights and actors to form Avant Garde [radical] Theatre productions. During this time plays were written that went beyond Avant Garde and didn’t fit into any specific genre.
Martin Esslin defined Theatre of Absurd in 1961 as theatre that “Strives to express its sense of the senselessness of the human condition and the inadequacy of the rational approach by the open abandonment of rational devices and discursive [rambling] thought."
There are only five designated Theatre of the Absurd Playwrights: Samuel Beckett of Ireland, the most well-known Eugene Ionesco of Romania and France Jean Genet of France Arthur Adamov of Russia Harold Pinter of England
Absurdist Themes People wanted to find meaning within life, since the war had ended. With all of the horrors they had seen, the Absurdist writing became relentless and bitter.
Theatre of the Absurd Elements: The Big 6 Departs from realistic characters and situations. Plots are often meaningless. Time, place and identity are unclear or confusing. There is confusing and repetitive language. of language. Dream/ nightmare like moods are created. While things may seem meaningless in the play, there is a hidden meaning in all
Absurdist Theatre… The experience of the world is never debated, it is simply presented, shown in action. It satirizes a society that is petty and dishonest. The setting is abstract. It is based on what is going on in the characters’ heads.
Absurdist Theatre: It lacks a clear division between fantasy and fact. It disrespects time. Time seems to expand, contract and flipflop as it pleases. Language may be repetative and unusual, but it is the characters defense against the world.
Absurdist Theatre: It often breaks down the fourth wall (the actors will interact with the audience). It often contains Black Comedy. It uses silence as a metaphor. It uses ambiguity. It explores violence.
Samuel Beckett April 12 th (or 13 th ), 1906 - 1989 Born in Ireland Enjoyed writing, sports and languages as a child Received a degree from Trinity College in London Moved to France to write and study
After college Beckett left Trinity because he was verbally attacked because of his writing. Made a living by writing, translating (because he was fluent in many languages) and returned home. Eventually joined the French resistence and moved to the hills where he surrived by farming.
His Mental Health… Although an active kid, he was quoted saying,"I had little talent for happiness“. His depression lasted into adulthood. He refused friendships and had a hard time talking without drinking. Women were interested in him but he stated that he was ‘dead’ and had no feelings that were human.
"Je ne sais pas, Monsieur" While walking through Paris, Beckett was stabbed. After recovering from his ‘deflated’ lung, he visited his attacker in jail. When asked why he stabbed him, the inmate responded with, "Je ne sais pas, Monsieur“. This became a major influence for Beckett’s furture works.