Presentation on theme: "‘Good is a meaningless word. It attempts to define something non- existent.’ How might (a) Intuitionists and (b) Emotivists react to this statement?"— Presentation transcript:
‘Good is a meaningless word. It attempts to define something non- existent.’ How might (a) Intuitionists and (b) Emotivists react to this statement?
This would form Part A of a 2-part question. In an exam.. You’d get 30 marks for this question. You’ have 20 minutes in which to do it (but will take considerably longer as you’ll be working at home. You must know your stuff. You must address the issues, both explicit and implicit.
What approach does this question require? Does it ask for descriptive information about ethical systems? Or does it ask you to identify strengths and weaknesses and give your opinion? In this case you must give information about ethical systems
What should you write? First: Look for key words. In this case they are: Good; meaningless/non-existent; define; Intuitionists; Emotivists; react. Second, identify any connections between the key words such as Intuitionism&indefinable; Emotivism&meaningless.
Intuitionism – Moore Prichard, Ross Good is objective Good exists Good is a simple Concept – we can’t Define it. Moore We all intuit good Infallibly in moral situations. Prichard: we use Reason to collate Information when We have moral choices Ross: prima facie Duties guide us If we encounter Moral dilemmas
Ayers Stephenson Emotivists ‘Good’ = “Hurray!” ‘Bad’ = “Boooo!!” I approve Of this and I Want you to agree With me Good = approval Rooted in deeply Held beliefs Statements are Either analytic Synthetic or meaningless
Connections done? Now write! What do Intuitionists believe about ‘Good’? Does it exist as objective reality? Can we define it? Eg does ‘natural’ = good? Does ‘the greatest happiness’ = good? How do we arrive at the answer to ‘what is good’ when faced with a moral question?
Now for Emotivists! You will answer the same questions, but make comparisons/contrasts with Intuitionists: Emotivists agreed that ….. Unlike Intuitionists, emotivists thought that.. Intuitionists asserted that/Emotivists insisted that/argued that/believed that..