Basketball Basic Rules Offense Defense Court and Positions Techniques Red is input
Basic Rules On a competition level, a team is made up of 5 players playing on the court A foul is an illegal action that can be committed by player from one team against a player from the opposing team. Basketball is generally said to be a non-contact game. If contact occurs beyond what is deemed to be reasonable, or if a player thereby obtains an unfair advantage from it, a foul is committed. There are two types of fouls. The first are called defensive fouls. They occur when the offensive player is being fouled by the defender. Defenders should not block, push, trip, strike or hold the player in possession of the ball. The second ones are the offensive fouls. For example, a player in offence commits a foul when charging into a stationary defender.
Basic Rules A violation occurs when the player breaks one of the rules of Basketball. A violation results in the awarding of the ball to the opponents. It can also result from the player taking more than 2 steps without bouncing the ball on the floor. This is called Traveling. Another example of violation occurs when a player stops dribbling and then starts dribbling again or when he bounces the ball with both hands on the ball. We call this a double Dribble. A violation is also committed if you twist your hand, when in contact with the ball, beyond the vertical, bringing it under the ball. This is called Carry, as the hand must always remain on the top of the ball. (FIBA.com)
Offense OFFENSE- A regulation basketball hoop consists of a rim 18 inches (45.7 cm) in diameter and 10 feet (3.05 m) high mounted to a backboard. A team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the hoop during regular play. A field goal scores two points for the shooting team if a player is touching or closer to the hoop than the three point line, and three points (a "3 pointer") if the player is "outside" the three-point line. A free throw is worth one point. Most basketball teams run set or motion type plays with “picks” and “cuts” to free a person up for an easy shot attempt. In basketball, a pick is also commonly known as a screen. It is a maneuver by an offensive player to free up a teammate from being closely guarded by positioning themself between the teammate and the player guarding the teammate.
Defense There is many different types of strategies to try and stop the opposing offensive team from scoring. These strategies are the defense. The two main types of strategies are a “zone” defense and a “man to man” defense. A “zone” defense consists of each member of the defensive team guarding a specified portion of the playing area. In “man to man” defense, each member of the defensive team is designated to guard a particular member of the offensive team.
Techniques 1.Chest (or two hands) pass---For the chest pass, one foot is ahead of the other, with the knees flexed slightly. The ball is released at chest level, with the fingers spread on each side of the ball. The elbows remain close to the body, and the ball is released by extending the arms and snapping the wrists as one foot moves toward the receiver. 2. Dribbling---Dribbling is used to advance the ball, break for a basket, or maneuver out of a difficult situation. The dribbler’s knees and trunk should be slightly flexed, with hands and eyes forward. The fingertips propel the ball with the hand cupped and relaxed. There is little arm motion. Students tend to slap at the ball rather than push it. The dribbling hand should be alternated.
Techniques 3. Shooting--- The ball is held at the shoulder-eye level with the supporting hand positioned on the side of the ball and the shooting hand slightly below center and behind the ball. As the shot begins, the supporting (non-shooting) hand remains in contact as long as possible. The shooting hand then takes over with fingertip control, and the ball rolls off the center three fingers. The hand and wrist follow through, finishing in a flexed position. Vision is focused on the hoop during the shot. Proper technique should be emphasized rather than accuracy