Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Endomembrane System

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Endomembrane System"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Endomembrane System
Rough ER Transport vesicle from ER Golgi apparatus Secretory vesicle from Golgi Secretory protein Vacuole Lysosome Plasma membrane

2 The Golgi Apparatus Works in partnership with the ER
Refines, stores, and distributes the products of cells Transport vesicle from ER “Receiving” side of Golgi apparatus Golgi apparatus New vesicle forming Transport vesicle from the Golgi “Shipping” side of Golgi apparatus Plasma membrane

3 Lysosomes A lysosome is a membrane-enclosed sac
It contains digestive enzymes The enzymes break down macromolecules They break down damaged organelles Lysosome Digestion Damaged organelle (b) Lysosome breaking down damaged organelle

4 Vacuoles Vacuoles are membranous sacs

5 Cellular energy conversion
Mitochondria are the sites of cellular respiration, which involves the production of ATP from food molecules Outer membrane Inner membrane Cristae Matrix Space between membranes Figure 4.18

6 Cytoskeleton ● Provides mechanical support to the cell and maintain its shape 6

7 The Cytoskeleton *microtubules *microfilaments (actin filaments)
*intermediate filaments

8 Microfilaments

9 Microtubules *centrosome *centrioles

10 Cilia and Flagella Cilia and flagella are motile appendages
Flagella propel the cell in a whiplike motion Cilia move in a coordinated back-and-forth motion

11 Cilia and Flagella “9 + 2” basal body

12 The Cytoskeleton dynein – motor molecules

13 Plant Cells Not in animal cells Cytoskeleton Mitochondrion Central
vacuole Nucleus Cell wall Rough endoplamsic reticulum (ER) Chloroplast Ribosomes Plasma membrane Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Plasmodesmata Golgi apparatus

14 Plant Cells Plant cells are encased by cell walls
Walls of two adjacent plant cells Vacuole Plasmodesmata (channels between cells)

15 Chloroplasts Inner and outer membranes of envelope Chloroplasts are the sites of photosynthesis, the conversion of light energy to chemical energy Space between membranes Granum Stroma (fluid in chloroplast)

16 Origin of Eukaryotes

Download ppt "The Endomembrane System"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google