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The Seven Deadly Sins of Plagiarism Working Honestly at Dickinson College.

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Presentation on theme: "The Seven Deadly Sins of Plagiarism Working Honestly at Dickinson College."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Seven Deadly Sins of Plagiarism Working Honestly at Dickinson College

3 Why are we doing this? Why are we doing this? To help you succeed in doing college level research and writing To help you succeed in doing college level research and writing To introduce guidelines for citing sources properly To introduce guidelines for citing sources properly To present Dickinson’s policy on plagiarism To present Dickinson’s policy on plagiarism To provide sources for help To provide sources for help 2

4 What is plagiarism? 1. Using unauthorized notes during exams. 2. Collaborating on an assignment when you’ve been instructed to work independently. 3. Presenting someone else’s work as your own. 4. Copying someone’s answers during a test. 3 0 of 5 Answer Now

5 At some point in my academic career, I have committed an act of plagiarism. 1. Yes, I totally have! 2. No, I’m always honest. 4 0 of 5

6 What you should do… Always give credit to others’ work & ideas. Acknowledge your source even if only quoted briefly in your paper. Follow proper rules for citing. 5

7 If I didn’t plagiarize on purpose, I won’t be found responsible. 1. True 2. False DEADLY SIN #1: Failure to give proper credit 6 0 of 5

8 Doris Kearns Goodwin Plagiarizing toward a Pulitzer Doris Kearns Goodwin: Harvard graduate, history professor, prolific author, Pulitzer Prize winner. Doris Kearns Goodwin: Harvard graduate, history professor, prolific author, Pulitzer Prize winner. Her book The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys (1987) was found to contain up to 100 pages of material copied from another book. Her book The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys (1987) was found to contain up to 100 pages of material copied from another book. Her defense was “the copying was accidental” (i.e., she didn’t do it on purpose). Her defense was “the copying was accidental” (i.e., she didn’t do it on purpose). 7

9 Doris Kearns Goodwin Consequences of Her Actions A lawsuit was filed and resulted in an undisclosed payment and substantial revisions to Goodwin’s book. A lawsuit was filed and resulted in an undisclosed payment and substantial revisions to Goodwin’s book. Resigned from the Pulitzer board. Resigned from the Pulitzer board. Lost speaking engagements. Lost speaking engagements. In interviews fifteen years later, she was still defending her actions. In interviews fifteen years later, she was still defending her actions. 8

10 Information copied from the Internet must be cited. 1. True 2. False DEADLY SIN #2: Copying material from the internet without citing it 9 0 of 5

11 Example: Giving Proper Credit 20022003 Enplanements (thousands) 574,859593,974 Total items 3,775,3456,114,612 Firearms 927683 Knives 1,036,6971,961,849 Box cutters 32,78820,991 Other cutting instruments 1,846,2072,973,413 Clubs 11,13125,139 Incendiaries 79,341494,123 Other 768,254638,414 Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics http://www.bts.gov Table 2-16b: Prohibited Items Intercepted at Airport Screening Checkpoints According to the U.S. Bureau of Transportation’s website, airline passengers in 2003 attempted to bring more than six million illegal weapons of various types onto passenger flights. 6 Even though new regulations went into effect after the events of September 11, 2001… 10

12 The following examples are taken from this article: Meyer, J. M. 2006. “Another Inconvenient Truth.” Dissent 53 (4): 95-96. 11

13 Ironically, by being in the wonkiest context imaginable, he comes across as passionate, sincere, and likable. Student’s Use of Information Original Plagiarism or not? 12 Gore’s presentation on a stage before an academic audience is the wonkiest context imaginable.

14 Plagiarism or not? DEADLY SIN #3: Failure to cite even a few words of borrowed language 13 1. Plagiarism 2. Not plagiarism 0 of 5

15 Student’s Use of Information Original How do we fix this? 14 Gore’s presentation on a stage before an academic audience is in the wonkiest context imaginable. Ironically, by being in the wonkiest context imaginable, he comes across as passionate, sincere, and likable.

16 Student’s Use of Information Original How do we fix this? 15 Gore’s presentation on a stage before an academic audience is in the “wonkiest context imaginable” (Meyer 2006, 95).

17 His clear graphs and often captivating images can propel viewers to the conclusion that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility. Original Student’s Use of Information Plagiarism or not? 16 Gore’s visuals help people realize “that climate change is a present and fast- paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility.”

18 Plagiarism or not? DEADLY SIN #4: Failure to cite an exact quote 17 1. Plagiarism 2. Not plagiarism 0 of 5

19 His clear graphs and often captivating images can propel viewers to the conclusion that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility. How do we fix this? Original Student’s Use of Information 18 Gore’s visuals help people realize “that climate change is a present and fast- paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility.”

20 His clear graphs and often captivating images can propel viewers to the conclusion that climate change is a present and fast-paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility. How do we fix this? Original Student’s Use of Information 19 Gore’s visuals help people realize “that climate change is a present and fast- paced reality, rather than a far-off and slowly evolving possibility” (Meyer 2006, 95).

21 Environmentalists often diagnose public opinion as a key obstacle to effective action on concerns including climate change. Plagiarism or not? Original Student’s Use of Information 20 Public opinion is often blamed by environmentalists as a major roadblock to effective action on issues such as global warming.

22 Plagiarism or not? DEADLY SIN #5: Failure to cite paraphrased ideas 21 1. Plagiarism 2. Not plagiarism 0 of 5

23 Environmentalists often diagnose public opinion as a key obstacle to effective action on concerns including climate change. Original Student’s Use of Information How do we fix this? 22 Public opinion is often blamed by environmentalists as a major roadblock to effective action on issues such as global warming.

24 Original Student’s Use of Information How do we fix this? 23 Public opinion is often blamed by environmentalists as a major roadblock to effective action on issues such as global warming (Meyer 2006, 95). Environmentalists often diagnose public opinion as a key obstacle to effective action on concerns including climate change.

25 Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. Plagiarism or not? Original Student’s Use of Information 24 Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” (Meyer 2006, 95).

26 Plagiarism or not? Correct! This student accurately cited the source! 25 1. Plagiarism 2. Not plagiarism 0 of 5

27 Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. Plagiarism or not? Original Student’s Use of Information 26 Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” (Meyer 2006, 95).

28 Meyer, J. M. 2006. “Another Inconvenient Truth.” Dissent 53 (4): 95-96. Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. Original Student’s Use of Information 27 Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” (Gore, 2006, p. 95).

29 Plagiarism or not? HOWEVER… DEADLY SIN # 6: Failure to provide an accurate citation 28 1. Plagiarism 2. Not plagiarism 0 of 5

30 Meyer, J. M. 2006. “Another Inconvenient Truth.” Dissent 53 (4): 95-96. Gore also delivers his message well. He simplifies the science without oversimplifying. How do we fix this? Original Student’s Use of Information Gore,Meyer, 29 Gore’s effective presentation is balanced and well designed for the general public. “He simplifies the science without oversimplifying” ( 2006, 95).

31 At some point in my academic career, I have committed an act of plagiarism. 1. Yes, I totally have! 2. No, I’m always honest. 0 of 5 30

32 There’s no way for my professor to tell if I’ve copied a few words here and there. 1. True 2. False 31 0 of 5

33 How can they tell? Eve 2 Eve 2 Google Google Ask students about questionable passages Ask students about questionable passages “We just know.” “We just know.” 32

34 How They Can Tell Student’s Use of Information One of the main arguments of history is whether it can really be viewed objectively. Usually, the “winners” record history and it is often hard to tell what is truth and what is exaggerated. The endless antagonism between objectivism and subjectivism has hampered the enlarging horizon of history and has threatened the modernist objectivist paradigm. From the Southern point of view, modern history books… 33

35 How They Can Tell …postmodernists tried to overcome the modernist objectivist paradigm. The main purpose of this article is to investigate the pros and cons of "modernistic" history by examining its history from the perspective of the antagonism between objectivism and subjectivism…modernism turned out to be the shackle by which the enlarging horizon of history was hampered. Original 34

36 If I get caught plagiarizing, I can be suspended or expelled from Dickinson College. 1. True 2. False DEADLY SIN #7: Thinking you can get away with it 35 0 of 5

37 Plagiarism Cases at Dickinson College 13 students found responsible 13 students found responsible 7 male, 6 female 7 male, 6 female All class years All class years 3 Fs or 0s on assignment 3 Fs or 0s on assignment 9 “F”s for the course 9 “F”s for the course 5 stayed suspensions 5 stayed suspensions 4 outright suspensions 4 outright suspensions 36 2005 - 2006 2006 - 2007 15 students found responsible 15 students found responsible 8 male, 7 female 8 male, 7 female All class years, 4 FYs All class years, 4 FYs 10 Fs or 0s on assignment 10 Fs or 0s on assignment 4 “F”s for the course 4 “F”s for the course 11 stayed suspensions 11 stayed suspensions 7 various other consequences 7 various other consequences Students found responsible for cheating or plagiarism are ineligible for academic honors.

38 The Seven Academic Integrity Commandments 1. Thou shalt not presenteth another’s research as thine own. 2. Giveth proper credit to Internet sites. 3. Useth quotation marks when borrowing even thy neighbor’s brief phrase. 4. Includeth footnotes or in-text notes whenever quoting. 5. Citeth thou also paraphrased ideas. 6. Verily thou shalt recordeth thoroughly and accurately all sources consulted. 7. Do not thinketh thyself immune to being smote with the consequences of plagiarism. 37

39 Where can I get further help? Consult a librarian Consult a librarian Review the library’s website Review the library’s websitewebsite Read A Writer's Reference by Diana Hacker Read A Writer's Reference by Diana Hacker Visit the Writing Center Visit the Writing Center Read the College policy Read the College policy Read your syllabi Read your syllabi Talk to your professor Talk to your professor 38

40 Example 1: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? 1. Plagiarism 2. Not Plagiarism 39 0 of 5 90

41 Example 2: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? 1. Plagiarism 2. Not Plagiarism 40 90 0 of 5

42 Example 3: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? 1. Plagiarism 2. Not Plagiarism 90 41 0 of 5

43 Example 4: Plagiarism or Not Plagiarism? 1. Plagiarism 2. Not Plagiarism 42 0 of 5 90

44 Example 5: Acceptable or Not Acceptable? 43 1. Acceptable 2. Not Acceptable 90 0 of 5


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