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Physiological Needs

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Presentation on theme: "Physiological Needs"— Presentation transcript:

1 Physiological Needs

2 Abnormal psychology - Biological causal factors 1 Physical deprivation or disruption [deprivation of basic physiological needs]

3 Lie detection - General accuracy and limitations of assessments 1 Current research in the field focuses on manipulating the psychological and thus measuring the psychological. However, Tyler Lorig proposes that the physiological needs to be measured in order to infer the psychological in order to make the research applicable.

4 Job satisfaction - History 1 This theory explains that people seek to satisfy five specific needs in life – physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, self-esteem needs, and self- actualization

5 Self actualization - In psychology 1 Maslow's hierarchy of needs begins with the most basic necessities deemed the physiological needs in which the individual will seek out items like food and water, and must be able to perform basic functions such as breathing and sleeping.Gleitman, Henry; Fridlund, Alan J

6 Work motivation - Need-based theories 1 Need-based theories of motivation focus on an employee's drive to satisfy a variety of needs through their work. These needs range from basic physiological needs for survival to higher psychoemotional needs like belonging and self-actualization.

7 Work motivation - Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1 At the most basic level, an employee is motivated to work in order to satisfy basic physiological needs for survival, such as having enough money to purchase food

8 Abraham Maslow - Hierarchy of Needs 1 * At the bottom of the hierarchy are the Basic needs or Physiological needs of a human being: food, water, sleep and sex.

9 Maslow's hierarchy of needs - Physiological needs 1 Physiological needs are the physical requirements for human survival. If these requirements are not met, the human body cannot function properly and will ultimately fail. Physiological needs are thought to be the most important; they should be met first.

10 Maslow's hierarchy of needs - Criticism 1 For example, sex is placed with other physiological needs which must be satisfied before a person considers higher levels of motivation

11 Maslow's hierarchy of needs - Changes to the hierarchy by circumstance 1 During the war, the satisfaction of physiological needs and safety needs were separated into two independent needs while during peacetime, they were combined as one

12 Employee motivation - Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1 Basic physiological needs include air, water, and food

13 Belongingness - Psychological needs 1 He thought that it was one of 5 human needs in his Maslow's hierarchy of needs|hierarchy of needs, along with physiological needs, safety, self-esteem, and self-actualization.Kune, N

14 Learning by teaching - Learning by teaching by Martin (LdL) 1 *The 'anthropological basis' of LdL is related to the Maslow's hierarchy of needs#Self- actualization|pyramid or hierarchy of needs introduced by Abraham Maslow, which consists, from base to peak, of 1) physiological needs, 2) safety/security, 3) social/love/belonging, 4) esteem/self- confidence and 5) being/growth through Maslow's hierarchy of needs#Self- actualization|self-actualization and self- transcendence (philosophy)|transcendence

15 Rapid eye movement sleep - Other theories 1 It fulfills important physiological needs vital for survival to the extent that prolonged REM sleep deprivation leads to death in experimental animals

16 Metamotivation 1 Deficiency needs (D-needs) motivate people to satisfy physiological needs such as hunger, sex, love, whereas being needs (B-needs) propel a person beyond self- actualization and drive them to fulfill their inherent ultimate potential.Engler, B

17 Tobacco harm reduction - Electronic cigarettes 1 Manufacturers of electronic cigarettes often market them as a cessation aid, claiming that they lack deadly chemicals while also satisfying both smokers' psychological and physiological needs

18 Natural and rational theories of motivation - Higher order needs 1 Physiological needs are the lowest and most important level. These fundamental requirements include food, rest, shelter, and exercise. After physiological needs are satisfied, employees can focus on safety needs, which include “protection against danger, threat, deprivation.” However, if management makes arbitrary or biased employment decisions, then an employee’s safety needs are unfulfilled.

19 Dependency need - History 1 The needs defined by Murray and Maslow (physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness needs, esteem needs, self- actualization needs) seem to correspond with the vital needs encompassed in the concept of dependency need.

20 Dependency need - Key contributors 1 After a person has attained these physiological needs, he or she then focuses his or her attention to safety needs

21 Genet (animal) - Behavior 1 Males have been found to be more active than females at night because of their greater size, which indicates that males have greater energy requirements to satisfy their physiological needs

22 Gemsbok - Behaviour 1 Gemsbok live in herds of about 10–40 animals, which consist of a dominant male, a few nondominant males, and females. They are mainly desert-dwelling and do not depend on drinking water to supply their physiology|physiological needs. They can reach running speeds of up to.

23 Hookworm - Pathology 1 However, in most endemic areas, adult women are the most severely affected by anemia, mainly because they have much higher physiological needs for iron (menstruation, repeated pregnancy).

24 For More Information, Visit: m/the-physiological-needs- toolkit.html m/the-physiological-needs- toolkit.html The Art of Service

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