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European Foreign Policy towards the Middle East Revisited Amman/Beirut, June 2nd, 2011 Dr. Martin Beck KAS Amman.

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Presentation on theme: "European Foreign Policy towards the Middle East Revisited Amman/Beirut, June 2nd, 2011 Dr. Martin Beck KAS Amman."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Foreign Policy towards the Middle East Revisited Amman/Beirut, June 2nd, 2011 Dr. Martin Beck KAS Amman

2 Content 1.Introduction 2.The European approach towards the Middle East since the 1970s 3.Why did the EU policies towards the Middle East not match the ideals of a Civilian Power? 4.Lessons to be learned by the Europeans and what the Arabs could do to support a successful learning process.

3 1.Introduction European self-image: “Civilian Power“ Problems in the past in terms of European policy towards the Middle East: -Inconsistencies in the approach -Hostile Realities on the ground -Hostile international environment As a result of the recent Arab Uprising: -Both opportunities and challenges are ahead

4 2. The European approach towards the Middle East since the 1970s 2.1 “Civilian Power” Concept: homo sociologicus rather than homo oeconomicus - self-image - logic of appropriateness rather than logic of consequentiality 2.2 Historic Roots -Up to the 1960s: UK, F: Imperialism; Ger: Israel only -1970s: European Political Cooperation (EPC) : Camp David (US) versus Venice (Europe) -1990s: Heydays and Failure -European Mediterranean Policy (EMP) -Oslo Peace Process

5 3. Why did the EU Policies towards the Middle East not match the ideals of a “Civilian Power“? 3.1 Home-grown problems of the EU -Solo attempts of member states - “special relationships“: F, UK, Ger 3.2 Hostile environment in the Middle East (before 2011!) -contradiction between democratisation and stability -limited power -not using its limited power in an efficient way 3.3 Hostile international environment: -Special relationship between the US and Israel (plus Saudi Arabia)

6 4. Lessons to be learned by the Europeans and what the Arabs could do to support a successful learning process To the Europeans: -Embrace the Arab movements for democratisation. -Accept that democratisation processes increase instability in the short and medium term. -Avoid national solo attempts. -Get engaged in a critical dialogue with Islamist groups. -Walk the talk of a two-state settlement for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict based on the borders of Try to coordinate with the US, at the same time propel them towards an approach compatible with the principles of a “civilian power.“

7 4. Lessons to be learned by the Europeans and what the Arabs could do to support a succesful learning process To the Arabs: -Accept that the European support to the democratisation process is limited. -Accept European engagement based on the values of a “civilian power.“ -Avoid bypassing the EU by approaching single European states. -Accept that the EU should establish friendly relations with all groups who attempt to get engaged in an Arab democratisation process. -Accept the state of Israel within the borders of 1949 without ifs and buts— when the EU recognises a Palestinian state within the borders of Accept that an effective European policy towards the Middle East requires coordination with the US.


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