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1 A Leader A person who has an unusual degree of power to project on other people his or her shadow, or his or her light. And this power creates the conditions.

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Presentation on theme: "1 A Leader A person who has an unusual degree of power to project on other people his or her shadow, or his or her light. And this power creates the conditions."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 A Leader A person who has an unusual degree of power to project on other people his or her shadow, or his or her light. And this power creates the conditions under which other people must live and move and have their being. Conditions which can be illuminating and uplifting to the people or conditions which can cast them into total darkness. A person who has an unusual degree of power to project on other people his or her shadow, or his or her light. And this power creates the conditions under which other people must live and move and have their being. Conditions which can be illuminating and uplifting to the people or conditions which can cast them into total darkness. Parker Palmer, Senior Associate of the American Association of Higher Education. In 1998, The Leadership Project, a national survey of 10,000 administrators and faculty, named Palmer as one of the thirty “most influential senior leaders” in higher education and one of the ten key “agenda-setters” of the past decade.

2 2 Vaclev Havel playwright, dissident, prisoner President of Czechoslovakia “America is approaching democracy uninterruptedly for more than 200 years, and your journey has never been disrupted by a totalitarian system. The communist type of totalitarian system has brought us horrors that fortunately you have not known. But it has given us something positive, a special capacity to look from time to time somewhat further than someone who has not undergone this bitter experience. A person who cannot move and lead a somewhat normal life because he is pinned under a boulder has more time to think about his hopes than someone who is not trapped that way. We must all learn many things from America, from how to educate our children, how to elect our representatives, all the way to how to organize our economic life so that it will lead to prosperity and not to poverty. But it doesn’t have to be merely assistance from the well-educated, powerful, and wealthy to someone who has nothing and therefore has nothing to offer in return. We too can offer something to you: our experience and the knowledge that has come from it. The specific experience I’m talking about has given me one certainty; consciousness precedes being, and not the other way around, as the Marxists claim. For this reason, the salvation of this human world lies nowhere else than in the human heart, in the human power to reflect, in human meekness and in human responsibility. Without a global revolution in the sphere of human consciousness, nothing will change for the better in the sphere of our being as humans, and the catastrophe toward which this world is headed – be it ecological, social, demographic, or a general breakdown of civilization – will be unavoidable.” Vaclev Havel, 1990

3 3 Leadership Leadership from Within Leadership from Within Consciousness (the inward journey to confront those areas of shadow within us) Consciousness (the inward journey to confront those areas of shadow within us) Emphasizes skills to make the inward journey toward internal awareness Emphasizes skills to make the inward journey toward internal awareness Journey emphasizes consciousness, awareness, thoughtfulness, reflection, and authenticity as the first order Journey emphasizes consciousness, awareness, thoughtfulness, reflection, and authenticity as the first order Leadership is a matter of how to be. Leadership from Without Leadership from Without Being (the way we are without having taken the inward journey toward conscience) Emphasizes skills to manipulate the external world (territory, wealth, property, political access, position, authority) Matter is more powerful than consciousness (reflective thought), economics more fundamental than spirit, flow of cash creates more reality than the flow of visions and ideas. Emphasize politics, economics, the material. Leadership is a matter of how to do.

4 4 Havel “Consciousness precedes being” How does consciousness precede being? How does consciousness precede being? Only by taking the inward journey, the downward journey. Only by taking the inward journey, the downward journey. We travel down through the fear and the terror of our shadow side until we reach that deep place where we can be in community with each other. We travel down through the fear and the terror of our shadow side until we reach that deep place where we can be in community with each other.

5 5 When we take the inward journey, particularly with respect to leadership, what are the areas of shadow which we must confront?

6 6 Leadership Inward and Downward (Trying to prove ourselves in the external world rather than wrestling with our own inner identity) Consciousness Consciousness Take the inward journey Take the inward journey Develop a philosophy of life, have a clear understanding of the principles in which I believe Develop a philosophy of life, have a clear understanding of the principles in which I believe Being Being People rise to leadership by a tendency toward extroversion, ignore what’s going on inside themselves Operate effectively and efficiently on the external world (oratory, fear, persuasion) Develop skills to manipulate the external world, easier than dealing with the inner world a) Power (self or others) b) Compromise c) Criticism d) Risk e) Time Demands f) Love, Forgiveness Emphasis here is on “Who I Am”Emphasis here is on “What I Do”

7 7 Consciousness Consciousness Cooperation and contribution to the greater good is really what matters Cooperation and contribution to the greater good is really what matters Words and actions should be congruent because the process, the journey, is equally important Words and actions should be congruent because the process, the journey, is equally important Being Being Competition, life is a battleground Whatever it takes to win Life is about wins and losses Words and actions do not have to be congruent because the end product is all that matters Winning

8 8 Consciousness (others centered) Consciousness (others centered) There are many acts in town and some are better than mine – credit belongs to others There are many acts in town and some are better than mine – credit belongs to others I don’t have to carry the whole load I don’t have to carry the whole load I can share the load I can share the load I can lay the load down I can lay the load down Healthy priorities Healthy priorities Emphasis on the team Emphasis on the team Being (self centered) Being (self centered) Everything rests with me – I am the center of the universe, I have to stay there because I need credit for everything that happens I have ultimate responsibility for the total outcome Tendency toward workaholic behavior, burn-out, stressed, strained and broken relationships Unhealthy priorities Emphasis is upon me or my program You can lead or you can take credit for leading, but you can’t do both It’s Not About Me

9 9 Level 5 Leader Jim Collins discovered when analyzing the research for his book "Good to Great," that the leaders who ran the "great" companies during the transition from good-to-great were all "Level 5" leaders. For those of you not familiar with "Good to Great," the qualifying criteria was that a company had to have achieved an average cumulative stock return of at least 3 times the market over a 15 year period. Only 11 of the Fortune 500 companies met all the criteria they used. Collins said that the "data won" when it came to understanding the forces behind all good to great companies. In other words, his findings were derived from hard data not from personal opinion or intuitions about what helped propel a company grow from good to great. "...Level 5 leadership is an empirical finding, not an ideological one." Level 5 leaders are all very bright people who know their business. They have the intellectual horsepower and domain knowledge to effectively manage their companies. That's the easy part. What separates them from the pack is their "personality attributes." Who they are, not just what they know.

10 10 According to Collins there are five attributes that typify the Level 5 Leader: 1. They are self-confident enough to set up their successors for success. 2. They are humble and modest. 3. They have "unwavering resolve." 4. They display a "workmanlike diligence - more plow horse than show horse." 5. They give credit to others for their success and take full responsibility for poor results. They "attribute much of their success to 'good luck' rather than personal greatness." So, rein in your impulses to give "the answer" to your subordinates' problems. Hire top people and delegate. Then, always give credit to your team for any successes. Be wary when you are approached by reporters who flatter you for your company's (teams') success. And... above all else, be accountable. Accept blame for failures but, give credit to others for successes.

11 11 Consciousness Consciousness Willing to risk failure Willing to risk failure Have the courage to be imperfect (don’t need to protect title, position, authority) Have the courage to be imperfect (don’t need to protect title, position, authority) Tolerant of differences Tolerant of differences Appreciate diversity Appreciate diversity Able to handle ambiguity, the shades of gray Able to handle ambiguity, the shades of gray Emphasize mercy, compassion Emphasize mercy, compassion Lincoln Lincoln Being Being Fearful of: Negative evaluations Public failure Criticism Natural chaos of life Intolerant of differences, make enemies of: Race Religion Ethnicity Sexual orientation Economic systems Spend a great deal of time trying to eliminate chaos through the development of rigid rules, procedures, manuals, etc. Organize things so thoroughly that dissent, innovation, challenge, change can never raise its head Life is black and white Emphasize judgment (Every leader must judge but judgment will be more just if consciousness precedes being Relinquishment

12 12 Consciousness Consciousness Welcomes change Welcomes change Has the moral backing of the eternal perspective Has the moral backing of the eternal perspective MLK – “Letters from a Birmingham Jail” MLK – “Letters from a Birmingham Jail” Mother Teresa – “God in Distressing Disguises” Mother Teresa – “God in Distressing Disguises” Willing to sacrifice for the next generation Willing to sacrifice for the next generation Being Being Maintain the status quo. Don’t rock the boat (Guiding Fiction). Ignore the eternal perspective Protect our turf, it’s not our problem There are leaders with great leadership skills who are successful at operating on the external world. They could have moved the world toward peace or unity or compromise (light side) but ignored consciousness before being (shadow side) Truth or Fiction

13 13 StraightTeacherParentBusinessMaleWhites Gay Student Child Labor Female Blacks Guiding Fiction

14 14 Consciousness Consciousness Welcomes change Welcomes change Has the moral backing of the eternal perspective Has the moral backing of the eternal perspective MLK – “Letters from a Birmingham Jail” MLK – “Letters from a Birmingham Jail” Mother Teresa – God in Distressing Disguises Mother Teresa – God in Distressing Disguises Willing to sacrifice for the next generation Willing to sacrifice for the next generation Being Being Maintain the status quo. Don’t rock the boat (Guiding Fiction). Ignore the eternal perspective Protect our turf, it’s not our problem There are leaders with great leadership skills who are successful at operating on the external world. They could have moved the world toward peace or unity or compromise (light side) but ignored consciousness before being (shadow side) Truth or Fiction

15 15 Consciousness Consciousness Understands the past Understands the past Sees mistakes as opportunities to seek forgiveness and undertake a more positive approach Sees mistakes as opportunities to seek forgiveness and undertake a more positive approach Being Being Ignores the past Learns little from mistakes The Prodigal

16 16 Questions Is who I am more important than what I do? Is who I am more important than what I do? Are cooperation and contribution as important to me as competition? Are cooperation and contribution as important to me as competition? Are my words and actions about my deepest beliefs congruent? Are my words and actions about my deepest beliefs congruent?

17 17 Questions Am I willing to share the burden and give others credit rather than acting as if everything depended upon me? Am I willing to share the burden and give others credit rather than acting as if everything depended upon me? Do I have the courage to risk failure rather than spending all my time trying to protect a title, a position, an authority? Do I have the courage to risk failure rather than spending all my time trying to protect a title, a position, an authority? Does my decision-making have eternal backing? Does my decision-making have eternal backing?

18 18 Questions Do I seek others’ preservation or self preservation? Do I seek others’ preservation or self preservation? Do I value the history, respect the principles of tolerance, or is my way the only way? Do I value the history, respect the principles of tolerance, or is my way the only way?

19 19 As a leader, the way I answer these questions will determine if I project a spirit of light or a spirit of shadow upon the external world which I influence. As a leader, the way I answer these questions will determine if I project a spirit of light or a spirit of shadow upon the external world which I influence. Being (operating upon the external world without ever having made the journey toward consciousness) is by far the modus operandi of most leadership. Being (operating upon the external world without ever having made the journey toward consciousness) is by far the modus operandi of most leadership.

20 20 Consciousness before being is the mark of great leadership. We will never get the opportunity to exert our influence upon the entire world as these leaders have but we ought to pay attention to their example Consciousness before being is the mark of great leadership. We will never get the opportunity to exert our influence upon the entire world as these leaders have but we ought to pay attention to their example Lincoln – King – Gandhi - Mother Teresa Suffering under oppression gave them a reason to examine and the time to examine consciousness, to understand that “consciousness before being” is the only way to real community. Suffering under oppression gave them a reason to examine and the time to examine consciousness, to understand that “consciousness before being” is the only way to real community.

21 21 Shadow Side of Leadership

22 22 Havel said, “We are still a long way from that ‘family of man.’ In fact, we seem to be receding from the ideal rather than growing closer to it. Interests of all kinds - personal, selfish, state, nation, group, and if you like, company interests - still considerably outweigh genuinely common and global interests. We are still under the sway of the destructive and vain belief that man is the pinnacle of creation and not just part of it and that therefore everything is permitted. “There are still many who say they are concerned not for themselves but the cause, while they are demonstrably out for themselves and not for the cause at all. We are still destroying the planet that was entrusted to us and its environment. We still close our eyes to the growing social, ethnic and cultural conflicts in the world. From time to time, we say that the anonymous mega-machinery we have created for ourselves no longer serves but rather has enslaved us, yet we still fail to do anything about it. “In other words, we still don’t know how to put morality ahead of politics, science and economics. We are still incapable of understanding that the only genuine backbone of all our actions, if they are to be moral, is responsibility. “Responsibility to something higher than my family, my country, my company, my success - responsibility to the order of being where all our actions are indelibly recorded and where and only where they will be properly judged. “The interpreter or mediator between us and this higher authority is what is traditionally referred to as human conscience.”

23 23 The least effective leader is that leader who is feared by the people. A more effective leader is that leader who is loved by the people. The most effective leader is that leader who, when the job is finished and the prize is won, the people will say we did it ourselves. A person can lead or take credit for leading but you can’t do both. The essence of leadership is not what you take in but what you give away.


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