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A Status on Large Scale Truck Separation in the United States Presentation to: FHWA’s Talking Freight Seminar on Truck Separated Lanes/Truck Tolling March.

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Presentation on theme: "A Status on Large Scale Truck Separation in the United States Presentation to: FHWA’s Talking Freight Seminar on Truck Separated Lanes/Truck Tolling March."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Status on Large Scale Truck Separation in the United States Presentation to: FHWA’s Talking Freight Seminar on Truck Separated Lanes/Truck Tolling March 16, 2005 Arno Hart Wilbur Smith Associates

2 Various Concepts Grade Separated New Mixed-flow or HOV Lanes Tolled Truck Lanes Truck Climbing Lanes

3 State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. Need for additional freight capacity on highways

4 Scenario 7: Truck Productivity Scenario 3: Truck/Auto Separation Scenario 4: Multimodal Rail Corridor Scenario 5: Multimodal Waterway Corridor Scenario 6: Urban Truck Bypass Scenario 2: ITS Scenario 1: Widening Potential Strategies National I-10 Freight Corridor

5 New freight policy directions…. Also need policies to ACCOMMODATE trucks Truck traffic is expected to grow Despite need for continued focus on modal DIVERSION 1.Innovations in highway development 2.Innovations in truck mobility/operations

6 Research is on going Research is on going Auto Separated Highway System Auto Separated Highway System TRUCK PLATOONS TRUCK PLATOONS Mass Flow Concept Focus on Trucks Move in mass Move in mass Like rail and barge Like rail and barge Propel Trucks thru Bottlenecks Propel Trucks thru Bottlenecks Door to door Door to door Run anywhere on the system Run anywhere on the system Maintain their service advantage

7 State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. Need for additional freight capacity on highways Separation of trucks can provide additional capacity

8 Impact of Freight on Congestion Without Freight WithFreight

9 DEVELOPMENT: TRUCK ONLY LANES Candidate Selection: Selection: 3 Principal Criteria CriteriaCandidate Selection: Selection: 3 Principal Criteria Criteria Daily Truck Volume Volume : Capacity Ratios Total Daily Volume Plus: Service Sensitivity For: demand, diversion For: service reliability, construction needs construction needs For: safety impacts For: safety impacts High service freight High service freight Delivering freight Delivering freight

10 4 Candidates: 4 Candidates: LA-Inland Empire LA-Inland Empire Phoenix-Tucson Phoenix-Tucson Houston West Houston West Gulf Coast Gulf Coast 4 Candidates: 4 Candidates: LA-Inland Empire LA-Inland Empire Phoenix-Tucson Phoenix-Tucson Houston West Houston West Gulf Coast Gulf Coast High volumes & v/c’s SELECTION: TRUCK ONLY LANES Sustained Patterns of Combined Stress Developing problems Strong central tendencies Rational start/end points

11 Scenario 3 – Truck-Only Lanes Car Speed Improvements Deficient Mileage - Reduction (Impact along affected segments of corridor)

12 State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. Need for additional freight capacity on highways Separation of trucks can provide additional capacity Separation offers productivity gains/cost savings

13 % Work Energy Consumed Rolling Resistance 32% Aerodynamic Drag 53% Powertrain & Auxiliary Loads 15% Source: John Woodruff Associates

14 Daimler-Chrysler Promote Chauffeur Link drive train, braking & steering Electronic drawbar Fuel Savings For 2 nd Vehicle 15-21% at 80 km/h 15-21% at 80 km/h Not likely in normal traffic conditions in mixed-use lanes

15 Platooning ( Chauffeur-2) (coordinated lane changing, accelerating, braking)

16 Longer Combination Vehicles Five-Axle Trac- tor Semitrailer Six-Axle Tractor Semitrailer Seven-Axle Rocky Mountain Double Eight-Axle B-Train Double Nine-Axle Turnpike Double Seven-Axle Triple Trailer

17 The Future of Large Truck Design Special Vehicles & Policies Fuel costs, emissions, congestion and safety will likely create a demand for a new vehicle category

18 State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. Need for additional freight capacity on highways Separation of trucks can provide additional capacity Separation offers productivity gains/cost savings Productivity gains provide for revenue generation

19 CONCEPTCONCEPT DEVELOP A N/S TRANSPORTATION AND ENERGY CORRIDOR WITH A LARGER ROLE FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR Washington Commerce Corridor Feasibility Study

20 Study Area Lewis County northerly to Canadian border.Lewis County northerly to Canadian border. Interstate 5Interstate 5 Mainline railroadsMainline railroads Major intercity energy facilitiesMajor intercity energy facilities Operate on separate rights-of-wayOperate on separate rights-of-way

21 Maximum Corridor ROW Width

22 Truck Component   May be enough long-haul truck volume to support southern segment from Seattle to Oregon, but would require some public funding   To be financially feasible, a two-lane truck-toll highway south of Seattle would need to divert 50% of long-haul trucks from I-5. Trucks could pay up to a $60 toll (about $0.60/mile)

23 State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. State DOT’s are starting to recognize……. Need for additional freight capacity on highways Separation of trucks can provide additional capacity Separation offers productivity gains/cost savings Productivity gains provide for revenue generation Added benefits of safety and cleaner environment

24 Status of Ongoing Truck-Only Initiatives I-81 Truck Corridor - Fred Altizer, Virginia DOTI-81 Truck Corridor - Fred Altizer, Virginia DOT I-35 in Texas – Planning for a Franchise AgreementI-35 in Texas – Planning for a Franchise Agreement I-10 to Port of Gulfport – State legislation requiredI-10 to Port of Gulfport – State legislation required I-70 in MO - Determining financial feasibilityI-70 in MO - Determining financial feasibility I-710 and SR 60 in SoCal – Planning/feasibility phaseI-710 and SR 60 in SoCal – Planning/feasibility phase

25 Thank You


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