Presentation on theme: "Fish: Form and function"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fish: Form and function An LSU Museum of Natural Science presentation to accompany the activity
2 Types and Function of fins All Fish have fins! Each fin shape has a unique shape and function.Dorsal- (top fin) Helps keep the fish upright. Also used for sudden direction changes.Pectoral- These are the pair of side fins that help the fish move in different directions and aids in the ability to swim and steer. Sometimes have spines used for defense.Dorsal finPectoral fin
3 Types and Function of fins Pelvic- Located on the bottom of the fish. Most often used as “brakes”.Anal- used to stabilize fishAdditional fins:Adipose- tiny fin between dorsal and caudel finsAnal finPelvic fin
4 Caudel (Tail) finThis fin is used to propel the fish through the water, pick up speed, and make turns.Rounded caudal fin –allows for effective acceleration and maneuvering but in general is found on fish that do not swim long distances because of large amounts of dragTruncated caudal fin – straight tipped tail; allows for quick turns and short burst of speedEmarginated caudal fin – has the least amount of drag; fin has two lobesForked caudal fin- 2 lobes, helps reduce turbulanceLunate caudal fin- tend to be fastest fishes, maintain speeds
5 Body shapes of FishSagitiform – elongated tubular body layout that is arrow shaped; allows fish to strike quickly. (Example: gar, barracuda) Depression – wide, flat body shapes that all fish to rest on the bottom. (Example: flounder)
6 Body shapes of FishCompressiform – fish that are laterally compressed; tall, thin body shape that allows fish to enter vertical crevices; allows for quick bursts of speed and quick turns.Fusiform: streamlined with pointed ends - shaped like a plane; helps to lower frictional resistance, and allows them to move through the water extremely fast.
7 Body shapes of FishAnguilliform – fish that are long and skinny; these fish slither like snakes; allows them to maneuver into narrow openings and resist the force of current.Globiform – these fish are almost round or globe-shaped.Taeniform – thin ribbon like shape; good for hiding in crevices and cracks.
8 Lateral line Eye Caudal Mouth Anal fin Pectoral fin Operculum 1st dorsal fin2nd dorsal finLateral lineEyeNostrilCaudalMouthAnal finPectoral finOperculumPelvic fin
9 Gyotaku Japanese art of fish printing How it works:Paint plastic fishPress painted fish onto paper to make impression. Label parts if desired.
10 Build you own ‘Franken’fish Purpose: Students will learn about fish anatomy and morphology by building their own fish.Materials:Fish part templatesGlueCrayonsConstruction paperScissorsPencil and paper
11 On-line Resources Fish anatomy print-out Basic information on fish Enchanted learning-Basic information on fishGyotaku fish