2Male Reproductive System Testosterone- male sex hormoneTwo Main Functions of the Male System1. Produce Sperm – male reproductive cells- Do not start to produce sperm until puberty (Ages 9 to 14)2. Transfer of sperm to the female’s body during sexual intercourse
3External male reproductive organs Testes- male sex glands that manufacture testosterone and produce sperm.- Produce 500 million sperm per day- Testes are enclosed in the scrotum- sac that holds the testes and hangs outside the body. The scrotum’s function is to regulate the temperature of sperm. The optimal temperature for sperm production is 3 to 4 degrees below the body temp of 98.6 degrees.Penis –Tube like organ that functions in sexual reproduction, sexual pleasure and elimination of body wastes.- composed of spongy tissues that contains many blood vessels- When blood flow is increased, the penis becomes enlarged and this can happen for no reason at all.- Males of every age get erections
4External male reproductive organs Epididymis- Temporary storage facility for sperm. Highly coiled tube Structure located on the back side of each teste. It takes sperm 64 days to fully mature in the epididymis.Ejaculation – the release of semen- (mixture of sperm and fluids from the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and cowper’s gland.). During ejaculation there is a teaspoon of semen released, containing 300 to 400 million sperm.A male may feel some discomfort and pain if sexual arousal lasts for a period of time and he does not ejaculate, due to build up of blood and fluid and muscular pressure. The erection will eventually go away. This condition is not harmful in any way to the male.At birth the tip of the penis is covered with a fold of skin called a foreskin.- Some parents choose circumcision – surgical removal of the foreskin
5Internal male reproductive organs Play a role of the delivery of the sperm.These organs include:Vas Deferens- 18 inch tubes that connects the epididymis to the urethra. Propel the sperm forward in powerful spurts just before ejaculation. It is here that the sperm mix with the fluid produced by the seminal vesicles.Seminal Vesicles- produce fluid that mixes with sperm.This fluid contains nutrients and provides nourishment for the sperm.Prostate Gland – The size of a chestnut or walnut. Produces a milky, alkaline fluid that mixes with sperm and makes up a major portion of the semen. This solution helps protect the sperm by neutralizing the acidic environment of the urethra and the vagina in the female.
6Internal male reproductive organs Cowper’s Gland – Two pea-sized organs. Secretes a clear, sticky fluid that is thought to cleanse the urethra of acid from urine and helps lubricate the urethra for safe passage of sperm.Some of the clear fluid from the Cowper’s gland is released before the semen is released. This secretion causes droplets of fluid to form on the end of the penis before ejaculation. These droplets of fluid can contain sperm. That means pregnancy can occur from the secretions of the Cowper’s glands, even if semen never leaves the penis.Semen – a mixture of sperm with the fluid produced from the seminal vesicles, prostate gland and the Cowper's gland.Urethra – tubelike organ that travels through the penis.Semen and urine cannot leave the body at the same time.
7Concerns about the Male Repro. System 1. Nocturnal Emissions- “Wet Dream” Fluid Buildup2. Hernia – intestine pushing through into the scrotum3. Sterility – Sperm is weak, malformed, sparse, non-existent or unable to join the ovum4. Testicular Cancer – Most common form of cancer in males. Ages 15 to 345. Prostate Problems – include cancer, enlarged (difficulty and frequent urinating)