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FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training.

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Presentation on theme: "FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training."— Presentation transcript:

1 FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training programs that are specific to your industry.

2 These materials have been developed based on applicable federal laws and regulations in place at the time the materials were created. The program is being provided for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute and is not intended to provide OSHA compliance certification, regulatory compliance, a substitute for any "hands on“ training required by applicable laws and regulations, or other legal or professional advice or services. By accessing the materials, you assume all responsibility and risk arising from the use of the content contained therein. ©2010 Grainger Safety Services, Inc. ►►► Arc Flash Safety

3 Learning Objectives After this course, you will: ► Understand the Arc Flash Hazard ► Recognize National Consensus Standards on the topic ► Be familiar with the OSHA requirements

4 Course Agenda Presentation Agenda: ► Introduction to Arc Flash ► National Consensus Standards ► The OSHA Position

5 Introduction to Arc Flash Section 1

6 Arch Flash Arc flash or arc blast is: ► The arc of high-amperage currents through the air. ► A discharge of high voltages across a gap between conductors –The current travels through the air –Temperatures as high as 35,000° Fahrenheit

7 What causes an arc flash? ► Bridging electrical contacts with a conducting object ► Dropped tools ► Buildup of conductive dust or corrosion Causes

8 Arc Flash Conditions Arc flash conditions: ► Working on an energized circuit ► Electrical equipment failure

9 Three primary hazards: 1. Thermal radiation and intense heat 2. Pressure wave blast 3. Molten metal Arc Flash Hazards

10 Thermal Radiation and Intense Heat Factors affecting degree of injury: ► Skin color ► Area of skin exposed ► Type of clothing worn To reduce risk of burn: ► Proper clothing ► Work distances ► Over-current protection

11 Pressure wave blast: ► 25,000-amp arc: –Feels like a force of about 480 pounds –May cause serious ear damage –May result in memory loss due to concussion Pressure wave may throw victim: ► May propel objects over great distances Pressure Wave Blast

12 Molten Metal High-voltage arcs can melt electrical equipment: ► Molten metal may be propelled great distances

13 National Consensus Standards Section 2

14 National Consensus Standard: ► Promulgated by a nationally recognized standards- producing organization ► Offers opportunity to consider diverse views ► Designated by the Secretary National Consensus Standards

15 The OSH Act: ► Only national consensus standards that have been adopted as, or specifically incorporated by reference into, an OSHA standard provide a means of compliance with the OSH Act ► While requiring employers to comply with OSHA standards, the OSH Act also authorizes OSHA to treat certain violations, which have no direct or immediate relationship to safety and health, as de minimis, requiring no penalty or abatement Compliance with National Consensus Standards

16 Standard for Workplace Electrical Safety: ► Wide range of electrical safety issues ► Assist employers comply with OSHA standards NFPA 70E

17 Four Protective Strategies Four protective strategies: 1. Creating an electrically safe work condition 2. Training workers 3. Planning the task 4. Selecting and using personal protective equipment

18 Understanding terminology is essential to implement control measures Terminology

19 Arc Flash Hazard Analysis: ► Measures incident energy that may strike an employee ► Determines the arc flash protection boundary ► Establishes the personal protective equipment necessary ► Helps create practices to accomplish the desired work Arc Flash Hazard Analysis

20 The working distance: ► Distance from where worker stands to flash location ► Common distance is 18 inches ► Incident energy can be used to select protective equipment Working Distance

21 Incident Energy Incident energy: ► Measure of thermal energy at working distance from an arc fault ► Measured in Calories per square Centimeter, or cal/cm 2 ► 2nd degree burn of human skin is at 1.2 cal/cm 2

22 The Arc Flash Protection Boundary is the distance from which a person could receive a second degree burn Arc Flash Protection Boundary

23 How to Use NFPA 70E NFPA 70E is valuable in complying with the OSHA electrical standards

24 The OSHA Position Section 3

25 OSHA standards as they relate to NFPA 70E: ► OSHA does not enforce requirements of NFPA 70E ► NFPA 70E can be used by OSHA and employers as guides in making hazard analyses and selecting control measures OSHA Use of National Consensus Standards

26 Does OSHA issue General Duty Clause violations to companies who do not follow the new NFPA 70E? ► A violation of the General Duty Clause exists if an employer fails to furnish a workplace that is free from recognized hazards ► The General Duty Clause is not used to enforce the provisions of consensus standards ► The General Duty Clause usually is not used if there is a standard that applies to the particular condition, practice, means, operation, or process involved The General Duty Cause

27 Marking of Electrical Equipment OSHA has no specific requirement for marking of electrical equipment to warn qualified persons of potential arc flash hazards. ► Paragraph (e) of 1910.303 requires employers to mark electrical equipment with descriptive markings, including the equipment's voltage, current, wattage, or other ratings as necessary

28 Is flame-resistant clothing required for employees working on electrical installations covered by Subpart S? ► OSHA's present requirements in Subpart S, Safety-Related Work Practices, are based on NFPA 70E-1983, which did not at that time include specific provisions for flame-resistant clothing ► More recent versions of NFPA 70E have included such body protection provisions ► OSHA's existing Subpart S does not include a specific requirement for fire-resistant clothing Flame-Resistant Clothing

29 OSHA provisions for selection and use of work practices contained in 1910.333(a)(1) generally require de-energization of live parts before an employee works on or near them. ► Exposure is limited to when the equipment is shut down and when the qualified employee verifies, by use of a test instrument, a de- energized state ► When employees perform work on energized circuits, as permitted by 1910.333(a)(1), tools and handling equipment that might make contact with exposed energized parts must be insulated in accordance with 1910.335(a)(2)(i) OSHA-Requires De-energization

30 Personal protective Equipment (PPE): ► Must be worn for eyes and face when there is danger of injury ► Use equipment to protect employees from: –Electric shocks –Blast –Arc flash burn hazards Additional OSHA Requirements

31 NFPA 70E-2004 standards: ► Arc Flash Hazard analysis ► Flash-protection boundary ► Personal protective equipment NFPA 70E, Article 130 provisions: ► Energized electrical work authorization permit ► Brief employees before they start each job Supplemental Steps to Ensure Worker Safety

32 Additional Information Additional Information: 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S, Electrical National Fire Protection Agency: NFPA 70E: Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace ® 2009 OSHA 3075: Controlling Electrical Hazards 2002

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