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Movement Components and Skill Development Chapter 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Movement Components and Skill Development Chapter 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Movement Components and Skill Development Chapter 3

2 Motor Skills Skill that requires the effective use of skeletal muscles Skill that requires the effective use of skeletal muscles Generally developed in childhood and expanded to more complex skills as one moves throughout the lifespan Generally developed in childhood and expanded to more complex skills as one moves throughout the lifespan

3 Skill Themes Fundamental motor skills that can be performed Fundamental motor skills that can be performed Can include locomotor skills, nonlocomotor/axial skills, and manipulative skills Can include locomotor skills, nonlocomotor/axial skills, and manipulative skills Always verbs Always verbs

4 Locomotor Skills Skill themes in which a body moves from one place to another Skill themes in which a body moves from one place to another Movements that propel a mover around an area Movements that propel a mover around an area Eight basic locomotor skills Eight basic locomotor skills WalkHop RunGallop LeapSlide JumpSkip

5 Nonlocomotor Skills Stationary movements that do not propel the mover around an area Stationary movements that do not propel the mover around an area Generally occur from a sitting or standing position Generally occur from a sitting or standing position Also known as axial or nonmanipulative movements Also known as axial or nonmanipulative movements Common nonlocomotor movements include: Common nonlocomotor movements include: BendCollapsePull StretchSwingShake TwistSwayRise TurnBalancePush

6 Manipulative Skills Movements in which the hand or feet handle equipment Movements in which the hand or feet handle equipment Divided into fine motor and gross motor skills Divided into fine motor and gross motor skills –Fine motor skills involve the use of hands and fingers –Gross motor skills involve large muscles Most complex and often most difficult to learn Most complex and often most difficult to learn Common manipulative gross motor skills include throwing, catching, dribbling, kicking, punting, volleying, and striking Common manipulative gross motor skills include throwing, catching, dribbling, kicking, punting, volleying, and striking

7 Movement Concepts Describe how a skill is performed Describe how a skill is performed Always adverbs Always adverbs Generally broken down into 4 main categories: Generally broken down into 4 main categories: –Body awareness – what the body can do –Space awareness – where the body moves –Effort/Qualtity – how the body moves –Relationships – how the body relates

8 Body Awareness What the body can do What the body can do –Specific actions the body can perform while moving –Examples include:  Transferring body weight  Balancing or bearing weight  Flight  Shapes  Focus

9 Space Awareness Where the body moves Where the body moves Involves concepts such as: Involves concepts such as: –Location: Personal space and general space –Directions: Up/down, Forward/backward, Right/left, Clockwise/counterclockwise –Levels: Low, middle, high –Pathways: Straight, curved, zigzag –Extensions: Large/small, Far/near

10 Effort How the body moves How the body moves Qualities of movements Qualities of movements Includes concepts such as: Includes concepts such as: –Time: Fast/slow, Sudden/sustained –Force: Strong/light –Flow: Bound/free

11 Relationships With whom or what the body moves With whom or what the body moves How the body relates How the body relates Includes concepts such as: Includes concepts such as: –Of body parts: Round, narrow, wide, twisted, symmetrical, nonsymmetrical –With objects and/or people: Over/under, On/off, Near/far, In front/behind, Along/through, Meeting/parting, surrounding, around, alongside –With people: Leading/following, Mirroring/matching, Unison/contrast, alone in a mass, solo, partners, groups, between groups

12 Questions?


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