Discussion Starter How can a podium be a potential advantage or disadvantage?
Manuscript Method Speech is written out word for word and then delivered from a lectern, or a stand used to hold papers. Speaker primarily reads the speech. Political figures often use this type of delivery
Manuscript Method Pros Speaker less likely to make mistakes in content of speech Speaker should have ample time to deliver speech Speaker can feel more comfortable with audience Cons Lose touch with audience due to concentrating on papers Lack of eye contact makes your speech unavailable
Discussion Starter How do repeated words and phrases such as “like” “and a” and “you know” hurt a speakers credibility? Why could this make a speaker lose confidence?
Extemporaneous Method You don’t write out your speech word for word, nor do you have it memorized. Free to choose words on the spot, but can use a notecard to outline ideas. In speech, we are given 30 mins to prepare
Extemporaneous Method Pros You can be natural and yourself You can look at audience to gage reactions, and if need be, are able to do some adjusting to your speech Body is allowed to become a part of the communication process Cons You may flub up your fluency or forget to say something you wanted to say
Extemporaneous Method (See NFL DVD of champions for visual example)
Impromptu Method “Not rehearsed” Speaking spontaneously for a short time You must have a quick mind Requires little preparation
Impromptu Method Pros Allows you to be yourself Can be impressive to your audience Cons Could lose your train of thought Appear disorganized Could appear to have inadequate vocabulary Potential for dead space
Impromptu Method (See NFL DVD of champions for visual example)
Discussion Starter What are some of the reasons speakers often speak too quickly when they get in front of an audience? What might a rapid rate do to a speaker’s confidence level? What should someone do if they notice that they are speaking too rapidly?
Respiratory System & Voice http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C2lR he_Fc04 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C2lR he_Fc04
Continued Discussion Think of a celebrity that has a very distinctive voice. Is the voice distinctive because of the rate, pitch, volume or articulation? If the celebrity were to modify her/his voice, would she/he still be famous?
Morgan Freeman http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFxKt 1sexVc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFxKt 1sexVc Homeless guy goes famous http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6rPFvL UWkzs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6rPFvL UWkzs
Rate The speed at which we speak When speakers speak too rapidly, the audience doesn’t have time to fully understand what is being said. Speaker could also run out of breath when speaking too fast. TAKE A DEEP BREATH!
Volume The loudness or softness of your voice Picture yourself in these situations: Seated next to a friend at a rock concert Seated next to a friend before the morning announcements at school Seated next to a friend at the library Seated in a small conference room before a staff meeting
Articulation (enunciation) the crispness, the distinctness, with which we say the syllables in a word. The jaw, the lips and the tongue are known as the main articulators.
Poor articulation “Whataya gonna do d’night?” “Didja see’m doot?” “Doya wanna talk ter onaphone?” What are you going to do tonight? Did you see him do it? Do you want to talk to her on the phone?
Just you wait Henry Higgins! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ttzV1 YoU0uI http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ttzV1 YoU0uI
Pronunciation Saying the sounds of a word properly and stressing the correct syllable. Nothing can destroy a good speech or interview more quickly than a mispronounced word.
Discussion Starter Which image shows bodies being used most effectively to convey a positive message?
Power Pose! https://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_y our_body_language_shapes_who_you_ar e https://www.ted.com/talks/amy_cuddy_y our_body_language_shapes_who_you_ar e
Platform Movement Walking or stepping in a purposeful manner from one spot to another while speaking.
Discussion What sometimes happens during a speech or presentation if you start thinking about your platform movement too much? Why do you think that walking and talking is so difficult for some people?
Platform Movement- What not to do Don’t pace back and forth Don’t wander or take strolls from spot to spot with no purpose Don’t avoid movement because your are afraid you will look silly
Platform Movement- When should I move? “Do’s” Move when going from one section of your speech to another Start your speech in the front & center, you should also end here Movement is also good when you’re changing your emotional appeal Finally, move if it feels right to you, sometimes the rules don’t apply.
Discussion Why is it especially important for the inexperienced speaker to know how exactly many steps he or she is going to take? Why should the movement be primarily centralized?
How do I move? Move in a comfortable and relaxed manner, leading with the leg in the direction you are moving Move toward the audience, but don’t make the angle too extreme Know how many steps you are going to take beforehand: 1,3 or 5 step method is easiest.
Discussion Starter Think of a time you watched a speaker who used gestures that didn’t appeal to you as an audience. Why do you think it affected you in that way? (What does finger pointing suggest to you?)
Gestures Actions in which the body or parts of the body move to express an idea or emotion. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- 3ywrgCA-1I http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- 3ywrgCA-1I
Discussion Starter How can awkward gestures take away from a speaker’s credibility and ability to share his or her message? What do awkward gestures sometimes communicate to the audience about the speaker and his or her level of nervousness?
Learn the Gesture Zone The gesture zone is an imaginary box in front of you
Learn to “Lift and Lay” your hands (see common errors in book) Lift your arms and hands so that they move comfortably up and out Then, lay your hands at the end of a gesture as if you were laying them on an imaginary ledge or table.
Practice the string idea It is as though your body is connected by a series of strings that react to one another The idea is a good way to remind yourself to keep the upper portion of your body actively involved when gesturing.
Recalling the facts The term given for taking steps and moving from one spot to another is_____________ ___________?
Recalling the facts You can control your hands when you are gesturing by being aware of the ____________ ____________?
Recalling the Facts You should involve your entire body when you gesture. The ____________ test is a method of showing you how your head and shoulders should be an active extension of arm gestures.
Discussion Starter Why is a genuine smile the best sales tool? Why should you be thinking about selling something while you are making a speech or presentation?
The Importance of The Face Determines whether you are believed or not. Your face can show your listeners how you feel about your material and how you feel about yourself as a speaker. If your face doesn’t “sell it” your audience doesn’t “buy it”
Discussion Starter Why do you think that many speakers have tunnel vision and look only at those people in the middle of the room and near the front during a speech or presentation?
The eyes Make meaningful eye contact Look at each person for a # of seconds before moving on to a different person in the audience. Don’t have a stare down contest or stand too close. Make your audience feel you are interested in each and every one of them.
The eyes cont. Don’t forget to make eye contact with people with the far sides of the audience. Make eye contact with people not things. This will make a positive impression.
Audience Feedback Good eye contact with your audience will help you figure out how the audience is reacting to what you’re saying. Are they fidgeting in their chairs? Do they appear irritated? Are they smiling and nodding their heads? Are they leaning toward you or away from you? Are they avoiding eye contact? Do they look confused?
Making your overall delivery the best! Importance of your voice Importance of your body Importance of your face.
Recalling the facts What is sustained eye contact? What are three eye contact strategies that can help you communicate nonverbally with your audience? Why does a good speaker always have to be aware of audience feedback?