13Provide insight into characters’ lives, minds, and actions. FlashbackInterrupts the chronological sequence of events in a story to show events that happened earlier..Provide insight into characters’ lives, minds, and actions.
14Foreshadowing"The technique of arranging events and information in a narrative in such a way that later events are prepared for or shadowed forth beforehand."This literary device is used to build suspense and prepare the reader's subconscious for the conflict. It also helps the reader believe extraordinary events when they happen.It can be subtle, such as rain in the beginning of a story to suggest something bad is going to happen, or more obvious, such as in the prologue of "Romeo and Juliet": "A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life."
17PersonificationThis is when we give human qualities to something which is not human. How many of you have a name for your car? Talk to the computer or TV or maybe your pet goldfish? You are personifying the object by giving it a human quality. Some examples you will know include Santa Claus, Jack Frost, Mother Nature or the Angel of Death. They personify Christmas, Winter, Earth and Death respectively. We say "The wind cried..." or "My computer hates me." Those are more examples of personification. On TV this season there is KITT, the smart car of Knight Rider...
18Rhetorical QuestionThis is a question which is asked, but for which there is no reply. Again, we have all seen and done this; here are some examples. "Is the sky blue?" "Are you out of your mind?!" "Are you insane?!" "Do bears poop in the woods?" In literature, we will be reading Julius Caesar. Mark Antony asks the crowd after Caesar has been killed, "Here was a Caesar! When comes such another?" This is a rhetorical question because it is not expected to be answered.
30“The Leap” Literary terms In "The Leap" by Louise Erdrich, what does the theme "As you fall, there is time to think" mean and how is it important to the story?
31dealt with the mother leaping to safety in the fire from the tent. The narrator's mother made three leaps in the short story, "The Leap." The first leap was a literal onedealt with the mother leaping to safety in the fire from the tent. The second was more figurative or symbolic because she made a leap of faith in loving and trusting her second husband. The third was a leap into her burning house to save her daughter from the fire.
32With all of these "leaps,Presented the opportunity to decide which actions to take. In the first, she made the conscious decision to grab hold of the electrified wire to save herself. In the second, she decided to take the risk of loving again. In the third, she had to decide the best way to access and save her daughter. All of these leaps involved falling, or some sort of failure, but she still had time, even if it was seconds, to determine the course her life would take.
33What is the plot of the short story, "The Leap"? What is the exposition, rising actions, climax, falling action, and resolution of the story?
34Louise Erdrich's short story, "The Leap," tells the story of an aging former blindfold trapeze performer, Anna Avalon--now blind--through the eyes of her daughter. The narrator daughter recounts three stories in which she feels indebted to her mother.While a member of the Flying Avalons, the pregnant Anna survives a performance accident that claims the life of her husband. During the midde of a stunt, lightning strikes the tent, which buckles. Anna removes her blindfold in mid-swing and has just enough time to decide whether to snatch her husband's ankle and plunge to her death along with him; or to grab hold of a dangling guy wire and save herself (and her unborn child). Anna chooses the latter. The child is stillborn, but Anna will live on.
35The narrator tells how her mother meets her second husband, a doctor who helps to rehabilitate Anna following the accident and who fathers Anna's second child (the narrator). He also teaches Anna to read, fostering a love of books that ends only because of her blindness.When the daughter is seven years old, the family's home catches fire, which traps her in an upstairs bedroom. To save her child, Anna climbs a nearby tree and crawls to the end of a tiny branch that stretches to the roof. She stands and leaps from the branch, which cracks and falls; but Anna manages to cling to a rain gutter, rescuing her daughter and carrying her to safety.These acts convince the daughter to return home where she can now read to her mother for whom she owes her existene.
36ForeshadowingThree examples of foreshadowing in "The Leap" Find three examples of foreshadowing in the story. Did the clues help you make predictions about the story’s outcome?
37The foreshadowing in "The Leap" starts early. Erdrich specifies that the mother is "the surviving half of a blindfold trapeze act," letting the reader know that the mother survives. It also implies that the trapeze background will be used in the story, which indeed it is.A page or so later, the narrator mentions smelling "smoke from the stove downstairs" and then moves into a flashback. That lets us know that fire is associated with an essential part of her past.This fact is clarified by the following line: "I owe her my existence three times.“ As far as a predication, no, actually. I thought the clues were leading someplace stranger, not someplace directly tied.
38Some elements of foreshadowing in The Leap by Louise Erdrich are as follows. The Avalon trapeze act foreshadows the later window rescue of the narrator as a little girl by her mother. The Avalon's blindfolded act foreshadows the mother's eventual blindness from cataracts. The dramatic weather changes in New England foreshadows the several sudden and dramatic changes that occur: the lightning strike, the second marriage, the fire and rescue.The kiss in midair foreshadows the midair window rescue from the fire. The trapeze act foreshadows the leap to the roof's edge during the fire rescue. Finally, the title foreshadows the mother's choice at the lightning stirke, the second marriage, and of course the fire rescue.
49Which are more significant, the similarities or the differences? Comparison EssayTo write a comparison or contrast essay that is easy to follow, first decide what the similarities or differences are by writing lists on scrap paper.Which are more significant, the similarities or the differences?Plan to discuss the less significant first, followed by the more significant. It is much easier to discuss ONLY the similarities or ONLY the differences, but you can also do both.
50organizing your essayChoose one of the plans described below whichever best fits your list.Finally, and this is important, what main point (thesis) might you make in the essay about the two people/things being compared?Do not begin writing until you have a point that the similarities or differences you want to use help to prove. Your point should help shape the rest of what you say: For example, if you see that one of your similarities or differences is unrelated to the point, throw it out and think of one that is related. Or revise your point.Be sure this main point is clearly and prominently expressed somewhere in the essay.
51Plan A:Use Plan A if you have many small similarities and/or differences.After your introduction, say everything you want to say about the first work or character, and then go on in the second half of the essay to say everything about the second work or character, comparing or contrasting each item in the second with the same item in the first.In this format, all the comparing or contrasting, except for the statement of your main point, which you may want to put in the beginning, goes on in the SECOND HALF of the piece.
52Plan B:Use Plan B if you have only a few, larger similarities or differences.After your introduction, in the next paragraph discuss one similarity or difference in BOTH works or characters, and then move on in the next paragraph to the second similarity or difference in both, then the third, and so forth, until you're done.If you are doing both similarities and differences, juggle them on scrap paper so that in each part you put the less important first ("X and Y are both alike in their social positions . . ."), followed by the more important ("but X is much more aware of the dangers of his position than is Y"). In this format, the comparing or contrasting goes on in EACH of the middle parts.
56Preconceived Notions? 1. When did The Barnum and Bailey Circus begin? 2. Why do you think the circus was such a huge event?3. Name at least THREE shows that were considered featured side- shows at the circus when it first started?4. What were five POSITIVES about the circus?5. What were five NEGATIVES about the circus?