Presentation on theme: "Research Poster Creation and Presentation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Research Poster Creation and Presentation John Starbuck
2 My Background Biological Anthropology, Ph.D. (Penn State, 2012) Anthropology, M.A. (Penn State, 2009)Anthropology, B.A. (IUPUI, 2005)Currently: Post-doctoral researcher IUSD 3D ICCC, IUPUI McNair ScholarAuthored, co-authored, and/or presented 35 conference presentations over last 9 yearsMany were poster presentations
3 What is a Poster Presentation? Or, what does it mean for you if you have to do a poster presentation?You create a poster with information about your researchYour mentor will help and guide youHang poster up at a conferencePresent the poster to people in attendance.MyResearchYOU
4 Poster Session Research posters typically presented at poster sessions Common in scientific, medical conferences# of people in attendance varies
5 Poster SessionYou hang or attach your poster to poster board on specific day/timeDepends on conference guidelinesUsually push pins provided, not always
6 Poster SessionTypically a separate room or area designated for poster sessionLarger sessions may be divided into sections by topic, discipline, time/dateAnthropologyGood idea to check outlocation beforehandEngineeringBiology
7 Poster PresentationLook up conference details to determine when and where to present posterFind online or in check-in materialsFive minutes early is “on time”May take several minutes to find board and hang posterDress business or business casualWear name tagLots of people crammed into tiny space = hotBring water
9 Poster Defense What is a poster defense? One or more researchers present posterUsually one personSmile, be invitingExplain content and answer questions from colleagues passing byPresentation time variesOne long stretchOr broken up into multiple smaller defenses throughout day
10 Poster DefensePeople in attendance may stop by and look at your posterGreet them and offer to explain your researchSome will let you walk them through the posterBe able to do this in 5-6 minutesPractice, practice, practice…Others will ask you to let them read through it first and then ask your questions
11 Poster Defense Be prepared to answer questions about your research Why are you doing this? Why does it matter?Business cardsSample abstractsSampleabstractorbusinesscardsforviewersto takeTake me!
12 Questions Poster Should Answer 1. What is my poster presentation about? 2. Why am I conducting this research? Why does it matter? 3. What materials and methods did I use? 4. What are my results? 5. What conclusions did I make? 6. What are my recommendations or future directions based on this research?
13 The Parts of a Scientific Poster Logo?Title and AuthorsLogo?Materialsand methodsResults(more figures?)Abstract?ConclusionsIntroductionFiguresReferencesThis is a “Landscape” Layout
14 The Parts of a Scientific Poster Logo?Title and AuthorsLogo?Abstract?FiguresResults(more figures?)IntroductionConclusionsMaterialsand methodsReferencesThis is a “portrait” layout
15 Poster ContentPosters typically flow left to rightOr up to down
16 The Parts of a Scientific Poster Format and layout varies by discipline and conferencePosters may be square-shaped, landscape, portraitYou may need different sections?Literature reviewCurrent status of researchFuture plansFunding, etc.Check with mentor to determine what is normal for your discipline and adhere to conference requirements
17 The Parts of a Scientific Poster TitleWell-thought out to attract viewersConcise, no more than two linesBad Example: An Analysis of Developmental Instability as Measured by Fluctuating Asymmetry of the Soft-Tissue Facial Features of an Aneuploid Population whose Morphogenesis is affected by Trisomy 21 and Gene-Dosage ImbalanceBetter Example: Trisomy 21 and Facial AsymmetryHuh?
18 The Parts of a Scientific Poster AbstractUsually submitted beforehand for approvalOften made available in a meeting or conference catalogue (online or in print)Short and conciseNot required for all conferences/postersCheck guidelinesMay have separate sections or be a single paragraph
19 The Parts of a Scientific Poster Abstract SectionsIntroduction1-2 sentencesMaterials and MethodsResults1-3 sentencesConclusion(s)1-2 sentences, preferably 1May be additional sections depending on conference
20 The Parts of a Scientific Poster Introduction1-2 short paragraphsBriefly introduce research backgroundIntroduce research question and hypothesisI typically use 1 paragraph for introduction and 1 paragraph describing purpose of research
21 The Parts of a Scientific Poster Materials and MethodsDescribe materials used and methods applied (including statistics and significance cutoffs)Include relevant images, charts, graphs to help viewer understand your projectExplain why you chose your methodsIf explanation is long, may be better to leave off poster and explain in personGenerally 2 paragraphs
22 The Parts of a Scientific Poster ResultsText with summary of resultsFigures and tablesLabel clearly and with captionUse figures and tables that look good to attract attentionSometimes caption text is only text in this sectionDiscuss relationship between results and research questionMore figures, less text and tables
23 The Parts of a Scientific Poster ConclusionsBriefly review research question, results, and your conclusionsBullet points acceptable/preferredDiscuss why your results are interesting or significantRelate to other research when possibleWhat are the broader implications or applications?Future steps?
24 The Parts of a Scientific Poster ReferencesList referencesBreak into columns if neededIt is common to use smaller font here to make everything fitSome conferences don’t require this section
25 The Parts of a Scientific Poster AcknowledgementsPeople who helped you with your researchLab members, mentors, etc.Funding sourcesNames, grant numbersSection should be short and concise40-50 wordsSometimes logos can be used instead of words
26 Shameless Plug?… or Logo Examples If already on poster, redundantto write out again
27 Planning Poster Content Do not overload poster with textSummarize your info briefly and conciselyYour poster should beVisually interesting, attractiveEasy to scan over quicklyWhere possible, use chart or graph instead of “wordy” table
28 Planning Poster Content The size of the poster varies by conferenceLook up conference guidelines beforehandSizes vary greatly from conference to conferenceSmall, largeLandscape, portrait, square?
29 Planning Poster Content Contact printer to find out print limitationsSometimes the conference guidelines allow a larger poster than you can printConferenceSpaceProvidedPrinterLimitations
30 Planning Poster Content Conference may give you a large board, but you don’t have to use it allE.g. 4x8 ft. is hugeHuge posters difficult to travel withHarder to hang tooYou will probably be blocking half of your poster
32 Planning Poster Content Start with a PowerPoint template (or make your own)design.asp
33 Planning Poster Content Determine take home messageIf someone were to describe your poster in one sentence, what would that sentence be?E.g. “S/he studied mouse models for Down syndrome and found that their skulls are smaller and underdeveloped.”Poster presentation should reinforce this theme
34 Planning Poster Content Create sections of text in WordTitle, abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, conclusions, referencesCreate images, tablesHigh quality to avoid blurry images when blown up
35 Planning Poster Content Use negative or empty space to make poster readable, resist cramming too much textUse borders or empty space to group sections and images
36 Planning Poster Content Avg. viewer will spend 3-6 minutes looking and 1-3 minutes asking questionsSome people will read abstract and/or conclusion only
37 Design and Layout Fonts Large enough to read from 3-4 ft. away Can you read me now?Easy to readWhat does this say?Check with your printer, some fonts not allowedE.g. Helvetica fonts do not work on IUSD printer
38 Design and LayoutHeadings and other text with same importance should be the same font sizeFont size varies based on poster dimensionsSuggested starting font sizes:Title: pt.Authors: 56 pt.Sub-headings: pt.Text body: pt.Captions: pt.Acknowledgements and References: pts.
39 Title: 100 pt. Sub-headings: 72 pt. Authors: 56 pt. Design and Layout Text body: 24 pt.Captions: 16 pt.This gives you an idea of the ratio of font sizesto each otherWhen you adjust one you usually have to adjustothers
40 Design and Layout Avoid excessive text Rough guidelines: 20% text, 40% figures, 40% spaceVaries by discipline and projectLeave space around text so poster flowsKeep font types and sizes consistent for similar sectionsE.g. all captions same size and font
41 Design and Layout Avoid odd colored text that doesn’t show well TitleAuthorsSub-headingsText bodyCaptionsIf you must use, add background
42 Design and Layout Do not use all upper case letters AUDIENCE MAY THINK YOU ARE YELLING AT THEM!!!Use bold or italics to emphasize words or phrasesPosters let you talk to people rather than at themLeft-align textFully-justified text creates large gaps between wordsHarder to read
44 Writing Poster Content Use 2-3 colors for poster themeFigures, graphs can be exceptionToo many colors looks chaotic, unprofessional
45 Writing Poster Content Recommended: Use dark text and light backgroundBusy background can be distracting
46 How can we improve this poster? Better?Get rid of noisy backgroundChange color scheme
47 Writing Poster Content Print preview copy before final printConfirm poster looks good, no mistakesVery easy for mistakes to appear as you edit posterTriple check dimensions before printing
48 What is wrong with this poster? Incorrect poster dimensions…Causes human traffic issuesPoster crowding problems for other presentersLooks bad
49 Also, this poster has been folded Unless you print on cloth, it is not ok to fold your poster.Use a poster tube, do not let it get wet.
50 Poster SizeWhen modifying your poster, make sure aspect ratio is intactIn ppt. Format tab Size button Lock Aspect Ratio
51 Poster Size Important text that people want to read If aspect ratio is incorrect, you get stretched images and textImportanttextthat peoplewantto read
52 Poster Content Less is more Poster should open dialogue with viewer Brief background and summaryPoster should open dialogue with viewerGoing overboard with unnecessary details will chase viewers away
53 Poster Content Avoid vertically aligned labels Horizontal labels easier to readViewer shouldn’t have to turn head sideways to read
54 How might we criticize this poster? Title difficult to read from distanceToo much text…Section headersnot consistentNo figuresOverall, poster isn't very visually appealing
55 Obviously, this poster is perfect b/c it has my name on itText is spaced outHeaders are consistentTitle can be read from adistanceImages attractive andinterestingBulleted conclusions for easyread
56 Benefits of Poster over Oral Presentation Posters allow you to create strong visual components that may be more appropriate for your topic/disciplineDepending on format, may not be possible with oral presentationPosters allow one-to-one interaction and feedback, longer conversationsYou talk to people rather than at them