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SHEEP IN THE WORD MINISTRIES Rev. Robert C. Lewis Glendale Baptist Church Houston, Texas quicknotes.org 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "SHEEP IN THE WORD MINISTRIES Rev. Robert C. Lewis Glendale Baptist Church Houston, Texas quicknotes.org 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 SHEEP IN THE WORD MINISTRIES Rev. Robert C. Lewis Glendale Baptist Church Houston, Texas quicknotes.org 2007

2 GRIEVING THE HOLY SPIRIT Ephesians 4:30

3 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption (Ephesians 4:30).

4 SIN PRODUCES GRIEF sin produces grief in our relationships with others: sin produces grief in our relationships with others: feelings are hurt and sadness, emotional pain, and anger result feelings are hurt and sadness, emotional pain, and anger result

5 sin also produces grief in our relationship with God: He is saddened by the sinful things we say and do sin also produces grief in our relationship with God: He is saddened by the sinful things we say and do

6 the first half of this verse speaks about grieving the Holy Spirit; And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God… the second half about the sealing ministry of the Spirit by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption (Eph. 4:30). the first half of this verse speaks about grieving the Holy Spirit; And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God… the second half about the sealing ministry of the Spirit by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption (Eph. 4:30).

7 GRIEF IS AN EMOTION

8 the word "grieve" implies the Holy Spirit is a divine person who has feelings and can be hurt emotionally the word "grieve" implies the Holy Spirit is a divine person who has feelings and can be hurt emotionally

9 the Holy Spirit has a mind (Rom 8:27), emotions (love, in Rom 15:30; grief, in Eph 4:30), and a will (1 Cor 12:11) the Holy Spirit has a mind (Rom 8:27), emotions (love, in Rom 15:30; grief, in Eph 4:30), and a will (1 Cor 12:11)

10 the Holy Spirit teaches (John 14:26), testifies (John 15:26; Rom 8:16), guides (Rom 8:14), the Holy Spirit teaches (John 14:26), testifies (John 15:26; Rom 8:16), guides (Rom 8:14),

11 convicts (John 16:7–8), restrains (Gen 6:3), commands (Acts 8:29),

12 does miracles (Acts 8:39), calls men for special service (Acts 13:2), sends them forth into Christian service (Acts 13:4), and intercedes (Rom 8:26).

13 The Holy Spirit can be obeyed (Acts 10:19–21a), lied to (Acts 5:3), and blasphemed (Matt 12:31).

14 these things can only be said of a person: they're all meaningless if the Holy Spirit is just a force or influence these things can only be said of a person: they're all meaningless if the Holy Spirit is just a force or influence

15 "DO NOT GRIEVE THE HOLY SPIRIT OF GOD!" IS A COMMAND

16 the imperative mood of lupeo ‘grieve’ is a command; the plural number is addressed to all Christians; the imperative mood of lupeo ‘grieve’ is a command; the plural number is addressed to all Christians;

17 the iterative present tense envisions a repeated grieving— with the negative, "Don't make a practice of grieving Me!" the iterative present tense envisions a repeated grieving— with the negative, "Don't make a practice of grieving Me!"

18 GRIEF IS SADNESS, MENTAL SUFFERING, AND ANGER

19 the term "grieve the Holy Spirit" occurs only once in the New Testament the term "grieve the Holy Spirit" occurs only once in the New Testament

20 definition: to grieve the Spirit is to make Him sad, sorrowful, unhappy, to cause Him mental and emotional pain, to hurt Him deep down inside, to irritate and make Him mad definition: to grieve the Spirit is to make Him sad, sorrowful, unhappy, to cause Him mental and emotional pain, to hurt Him deep down inside, to irritate and make Him mad

21 lupeo is common word for mental and physical pain: it may connote sadness, unhappiness, hurt feelings, emotional pain, irritation, and anger lupeo is common word for mental and physical pain: it may connote sadness, unhappiness, hurt feelings, emotional pain, irritation, and anger

22 it may connote sadness and grief: the disciples were very sad when Jesus told them he would soon die (Matt 17:22– 23) it may connote sadness and grief: the disciples were very sad when Jesus told them he would soon die (Matt 17:22– 23)

23 it may connote being hurt and a little irritated: Peter was grieved when Jesus asked him a third time "Do you love Me?" (John 21:17) it may connote being hurt and a little irritated: Peter was grieved when Jesus asked him a third time "Do you love Me?" (John 21:17)

24 it may connote anger: the king and slaves were sad and angry when a forgiven slave refused to forgive another slave a small debt (Matt 18:31, 34) it may connote anger: the king and slaves were sad and angry when a forgiven slave refused to forgive another slave a small debt (Matt 18:31, 34)

25 Herod the Tetrarch was angry (not sad, Matt 14:5) because he had been set up by his wife to kill John Baptist (Matt 14:9)

26 it may connote something irritating, annoying, and painful: of ill-fitting breastplates that chafe the wearer—making him mad (Xenophon, Mem. 3:10.15) it may connote something irritating, annoying, and painful: of ill-fitting breastplates that chafe the wearer—making him mad (Xenophon, Mem. 3:10.15)

27 it's possible to be unhappy, sad, grieved, hurt, irritated, and angry all at the same time it's possible to be unhappy, sad, grieved, hurt, irritated, and angry all at the same time

28 the opposite of lupeo is euphraino, "to cheer, gladden"— the opposite of grieving the Spirit is making Him happy the opposite of lupeo is euphraino, "to cheer, gladden"— the opposite of grieving the Spirit is making Him happy

29 obedience, resisting sin (beforehand), confessing sin (afterward), being filled, and walking in the Spirit makes Him happy obedience, resisting sin (beforehand), confessing sin (afterward), being filled, and walking in the Spirit makes Him happy

30 SIN GRIEVES THE HOLY SPIRIT

31 disobedience grieves Him: the Spirit would have been grieved had Paul spoken the word of God in Asia (Acts 16:6) disobedience grieves Him: the Spirit would have been grieved had Paul spoken the word of God in Asia (Acts 16:6)

32 lying to Him: He was grieved when Ananias and Sapphira lied to Him (Acts 5:3) lying to Him: He was grieved when Ananias and Sapphira lied to Him (Acts 5:3)

33 ignoring Bible teaching: He is grieved when people ignore His teaching ministry (John 14:26; cf. 1 Tim 2:4) ignoring Bible teaching: He is grieved when people ignore His teaching ministry (John 14:26; cf. 1 Tim 2:4)

34 rejecting divine guidance: He is grieved when Christians refuse to let Him lead and guide them (Rom 8:14) rejecting divine guidance: He is grieved when Christians refuse to let Him lead and guide them (Rom 8:14)

35 He is grieved when unbelievers insult, blaspheme, or resist His convicting ministry (Matt 12:31; Heb 10:29; John 16:8–11) He is grieved when unbelievers insult, blaspheme, or resist His convicting ministry (Matt 12:31; Heb 10:29; John 16:8–11)

36 both believers and unbelievers may grieve the Holy Spirit (cf. hithpael of bAxDo "was grieved" in Gen 6:6—punishment follows grief) both believers and unbelievers may grieve the Holy Spirit (cf. hithpael of bAxDo "was grieved" in Gen 6:6—punishment follows grief)

37 since disobedience, lying, and blasphemy are clearly sins, we may conclude that personal sins grieve the Holy Spirit since disobedience, lying, and blasphemy are clearly sins, we may conclude that personal sins grieve the Holy Spirit

38 LIST OF SINS IN THE IMMEDIATE CONTEXT OF EPHESIANS 4:30

39 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption (Ephesians 4:30).

40 the command not to grieve the Spirit occurs near the end of a list of sins that may be committed against one another the command not to grieve the Spirit occurs near the end of a list of sins that may be committed against one another

41 nine virtues are listed that make the Holy Spirit happy and eleven sins are listed that grieve Him (Eph 4:25– 32) nine virtues are listed that make the Holy Spirit happy and eleven sins are listed that grieve Him (Eph 4:25– 32)

42 these eleven sins are, for the most part, balanced with alternatives or opposites— things we should do for each other these eleven sins are, for the most part, balanced with alternatives or opposites— things we should do for each other

43 the following eleven sins are prohibited and grieve Him: (1) lying to each other (4:25; cf. Prov 6:17; 12:22), the following eleven sins are prohibited and grieve Him: (1) lying to each other (4:25; cf. Prov 6:17; 12:22),

44 (2) letting your anger cause you to sin (4:26),

45 (3) giving the Devil an opportunity to cause you to sin (4:27; cf. 1 Cor 7:5),

46 (4) stealing from one another (4:28),

47 (5) speaking rotten words to each other (4:29),

48 (6) expressing bitterness— makes you wince emotionally (pikria 4:31; cf. Acts 8:23; Heb 12:15),

49 (7) wrath (4:31),

50 (8) anger (4:31), and

51 (9) malice toward one another (4:31),

52 (10) shouting at each other (4:31; in a quarrel Acts 23:9), and

53 (11) slandering each other (4:31)

54 these sins are mental (bitterness, wrath, anger), verbal (lying, rotten words, shouting, slander), and overt (stealing, malice) these sins are mental (bitterness, wrath, anger), verbal (lying, rotten words, shouting, slander), and overt (stealing, malice)

55 the Spirit is grieved—both sad and angry—if we commit any of these eleven sins the Spirit is grieved—both sad and angry—if we commit any of these eleven sins

56 BALANCING LIST OF VIRTUES IN THE IMMEDIATE CONTEXT

57 the following nine Christian virtues are commanded and do not grieve Him: (1) speaking the truth to each other (4:25), the following nine Christian virtues are commanded and do not grieve Him: (1) speaking the truth to each other (4:25),

58 (2) being angry without sinning (4:26),

59 (3) not letting the sun go down on your anger (4:26),

60 (4) not giving the devil an opportunity to cause you to sin (4:27),

61 (5) not stealing any longer (4:28),

62 (6) working for a living and sharing your surplus with those who have needs (4:28),

63 (7) speaking edifying words that give grace to those who hear them (4:29),

64 (8) being kind to one another and tender-hearted (4:32), and

65 (9) forgiving one another as God has forgiven you (4:32)

66 these nine virtues make Him happy, not sad or angry: they're all things He desires and has commanded us to do these nine virtues make Him happy, not sad or angry: they're all things He desires and has commanded us to do

67 GRIEF IS THE SPIRIT'S EMOTIONAL RESPONSE TO HUMAN SIN

68 the greater the love the greater the pain— so infinite love is deeply hurt the greater the love the greater the pain— so infinite love is deeply hurt

69 He feels grief immediately when you sin because He is omniscient: as soon as you sin, every time you sin, He's grieved He feels grief immediately when you sin because He is omniscient: as soon as you sin, every time you sin, He's grieved

70 why would you want to grieve the Holy Spirit? He has done so much for you! why would you want to grieve the Holy Spirit? He has done so much for you!

71 GRIEVING AND BEING FILLED

72 grieving the Spirit results in carnality, loss of fellowship, and divine discipline grieving the Spirit results in carnality, loss of fellowship, and divine discipline

73 grieving the Spirit blocks your prayers and quenches His ministry in your life grieving the Spirit blocks your prayers and quenches His ministry in your life

74 you can't grieve the Spirit and be filled with the Spirit you can't grieve the Spirit and be filled with the Spirit

75 if you grieve Him, confess your sins (1 John 1:9); your fellowship with God is restored and the Spirit will be happy once again! if you grieve Him, confess your sins (1 John 1:9); your fellowship with God is restored and the Spirit will be happy once again!

76 SEALING MINISTRY OF THE SPIRIT

77 What does it mean to be sealed with the Holy Spirit?

78 being sealed with the Holy Spirit is mentioned three times in the New Testament: in 2 Corinthians 1:22 and Ephesians 1:13–14 and 4:30 being sealed with the Holy Spirit is mentioned three times in the New Testament: in 2 Corinthians 1:22 and Ephesians 1:13–14 and 4:30

79 Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God, who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge (2 Corinthians 1:21–22).

80 In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation — having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory (Ephesians 1:13–14).

81 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption (Ephesians 4:30).

82 God the Father seals believers at the moment of salvation (2 Corinthians 1:22) and this sealing preserves us until “the day of redemption” (Ephesians 4:30b)—until we receive our resurrection bodies (Philippians 3:20–21)

83 the word “seal” (sfragi÷ß) refers to physical seals such as signet rings that made impressions and to the impressions themselves the word “seal” (sfragi÷ß) refers to physical seals such as signet rings that made impressions and to the impressions themselves

84 on some occasions the impression was equivalent to a signature sometimes seals were among the decorative attachments to clothing on some occasions the impression was equivalent to a signature sometimes seals were among the decorative attachments to clothing

85 physical seals were widely used in ancient times, as documented by Herodotus’ statement that every man possessed a staff and a seal physical seals were widely used in ancient times, as documented by Herodotus’ statement that every man possessed a staff and a seal

86

87

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90 SEAL OF BARUCH

91 SEAL OF JEZEBEL

92 SEAL OF KING AHAZ

93 SHIP ON ISRAELITE SEAL

94 ASSYRIA N STAMP AND CYLINDE R SEALS

95 AGATE CYLINDER SEAL FROM ASSYRIA

96 things were sealed for three reasons: (1) inaccessibility (2) authorization and certification (3) ownership and possession things were sealed for three reasons: (1) inaccessibility (2) authorization and certification (3) ownership and possession

97 INACCESSIBILIT Y to keep people out

98 various objects were sealed in order to prevent others from tampering with their contents without being detected these include vessels, money bags (Tobit 9:5), a pagan temple (Bel and the Dragon 14, 16), and letters (to be opened only by the intended recipient who would break the seal) various objects were sealed in order to prevent others from tampering with their contents without being detected these include vessels, money bags (Tobit 9:5), a pagan temple (Bel and the Dragon 14, 16), and letters (to be opened only by the intended recipient who would break the seal)

99 examples: examples: (1) when Darius the Medo- Persian king was manipulated into throwing Daniel into the lion’s den, he sealed it with his signet ring to prevent anyone from having access to Daniel (Daniel 6:17)

100 (2) the chief priests and Pharisees asked Pontius Pilate to seal Jesus’ tomb to prevent His corpse from being stolen so that His followers could say He was resurrected (Matthew 27:62–65) the seal was affixed to the stone to close the tomb officially by governmental edict

101 at the end of the Great Tribulation an angel hunts down, captures, and binds Satan with a great chain; he escorts him to the Abyss, opens the door with a key, throws Satan in, then locks and seals the door for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1–2) at the end of the Great Tribulation an angel hunts down, captures, and binds Satan with a great chain; he escorts him to the Abyss, opens the door with a key, throws Satan in, then locks and seals the door for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1–2)

102 AUTHORIZATION AND CERTIFICATION

103 the king’s seal extended his royal authority to the one who possessed it it thereby certified that the person was the king’s official agent the king’s seal extended his royal authority to the one who possessed it it thereby certified that the person was the king’s official agent

104 examples: examples: (1) Pharaoh gave Joseph his royal seal, authorizing him to enact his policies (Gen. 41:42–44).

105 (2) Jezebel placed King Ahab’s seal on her letters concerning Naboth (1 Kings 21:8).

106 (3) The Persian king’s signet ring was used by Haman to seal his decrees against the Jews, thus putting royal authority behind the decrees (Esther 3:10; cf. 8:8, 10).

107 important documents were agreed to and certified by means of a seal examples include a marriage contract (Tob. 7:14), a deed of sale (Jer. 32:9–12, 44), and a covenant with God (Neh. 9:38– 10:1) important documents were agreed to and certified by means of a seal examples include a marriage contract (Tob. 7:14), a deed of sale (Jer. 32:9–12, 44), and a covenant with God (Neh. 9:38– 10:1)

108 OWNERSHIP AND PROTECTION

109 examples: examples: (1) God had one of His servants place a mark on the foreheads of those who protested the abominations done in their midst (Ezekiel 9:3–4) its purpose was to protect them from God’s wrath in His judgment since they were His property (9:6) its purpose was to protect them from God’s wrath in His judgment since they were His property (9:6)

110 (2) in the Tribulation the 144,000 will be identified by a seal on their foreheads (Revelation 7:3–4) the seal on the foreheads of the 144,000 will be the name of the Lamb and the name of the Father (Revelation 14:1)

111 in the fifth trumpet judgment the locusts will be allowed to harm “only those people who [will] not have the seal of God on their foreheads” (Rev. 9:4, NIV) in the fifth trumpet judgment the locusts will be allowed to harm “only those people who [will] not have the seal of God on their foreheads” (Rev. 9:4, NIV)

112 the purpose of this seal will be to label God’s people as belonging to Him—as His possession what He owns, He also protects from the disasters predicted for the Tribulation His protection will guarantee their survival this will give them comfort, assurance, and security, even in difficult circumstances the purpose of this seal will be to label God’s people as belonging to Him—as His possession what He owns, He also protects from the disasters predicted for the Tribulation His protection will guarantee their survival this will give them comfort, assurance, and security, even in difficult circumstances

113 pagans expressed their commitment to and possession by their god by bearing on their bodies the distinctive mark of a seal representing the god (Herodotus 2.113). this supposedly brought them under the protection of that god. worshipers of Dionysius had their god’s sign, an ivy leaf, burned on them—a procedure described by the verb sfragi÷zein (3 Maccabees 3:29 ). pagans expressed their commitment to and possession by their god by bearing on their bodies the distinctive mark of a seal representing the god (Herodotus 2.113). this supposedly brought them under the protection of that god. worshipers of Dionysius had their god’s sign, an ivy leaf, burned on them—a procedure described by the verb sfragi÷zein (3 Maccabees 3:29 ).

114 (3)being sealed with the Holy Spirit certifies God’s ownership and protection of His people (3) being sealed with the Holy Spirit certifies God’s ownership and protection of His people

115 believers are sealed, the Holy Spirit is the seal, and the Father does the sealing believers are sealed, the Holy Spirit is the seal, and the Father does the sealing

116 we are sealed at the moment of salvation when the Holy Spirit begins His indwelling. as a result of this action the salvation of believers is secured we are sealed at the moment of salvation when the Holy Spirit begins His indwelling. as a result of this action the salvation of believers is secured

117 believers are God’s inviolable property and He will protect them as a result, we can enjoy complete security in our relationship with Him believers are God’s inviolable property and He will protect them as a result, we can enjoy complete security in our relationship with Him

118 the sealing ministry of the Holy Spirit is a strong argument for eternal security the sealing ministry of the Holy Spirit is a strong argument for eternal security

119 sin grieves Him but you won't lose your salvation: the Holy Spirit is your seal, your security, your guarantee of eternal life sin grieves Him but you won't lose your salvation: the Holy Spirit is your seal, your security, your guarantee of eternal life

120 His indwelling is permanent: You are "sealed for the day of redemption" (Eph. 4:30b) —and no one can break the seal His indwelling is permanent: You are "sealed for the day of redemption" (Eph. 4:30b) —and no one can break the seal

121 SHEEP IN THE WORD MINISTRIES Rev. Robert C. Lewis Glendale Baptist Church Houston, Texas quicknotes.org 2007


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