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© 2010 – RNP RNP: a brief look at the Brazilian NREN Terena Networking Conference 2010 Vilnius, Lithuania, 31 May 2010 Michael Stanton, Noemi Rodriguez.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2010 – RNP RNP: a brief look at the Brazilian NREN Terena Networking Conference 2010 Vilnius, Lithuania, 31 May 2010 Michael Stanton, Noemi Rodriguez."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2010 – RNP RNP: a brief look at the Brazilian NREN Terena Networking Conference 2010 Vilnius, Lithuania, 31 May 2010 Michael Stanton, Noemi Rodriguez Rede Nacional de Ensino e Pesquisa – RNP {michael, noemi}

2 Topics Some information about Brazil Current state of the Brazilian network (ipê f5&6, metro, int'l links, CLARA) Circuit services in support of e-science and culture Service development: working groups Testbed networks and Future Internet a brief look at the Brazilian NREN2

3 3 Introduction to Brazil In 1494 Spain and Portugal divided American territory between themselves by the Treaty of Tordesillas –The Tordesillas Line became the frontier between Spain (West) and Portugal (East) Former Portuguese dominions in South America became Brazil –Brazilians speak Portuguese –Rather over one half of present Brazil lies to the WEST of the Tordesillas Line Brazil is a BIG place! –84% of the size of all Europe –=> problems of building fibre infrastructure quickly –26 states + capital district Current population of about 190 millions, unevenly distributed –most of the population and infrastructure concentrated to the EAST of the Tordesillas Line Tordesillas Line to Spain to Portugal

4 RNP - the Brazilian NREN - timeline 1989 Began as a project of the Brazilian Ministry of Science & Technology (MCT), to link universities and labs 1992 First IP network with links at 9.6 and 64 kbps connected 11 capitals, and linked to the US at Fermilab. 1995 RNP supported the launch of the commercial Internet in Brazil, and carried commercial traffic for 4 years. 1999 RNP became a non-profit company to serve only the research and education, through a management contract with MCT and the Ministry of Education (MEC) 2000 ATM and FR network with links at 10s of Mbps 2002 Recognised as a “Social Organisation” (like a Quango), which allows contracts with the government without tender 2005 First Gbps (2.5 and 10) links in network 2009 First 10G international link 2010 Links to over 300 institutions, including 130 universities a brief look at the Brazilian NREN4

5 IPÊ – RNP’s national R&E backbone network Last major upgrade in 2005 Next one in 2010 (see next slide) Capacity reflects available and affordable carrier infrastructure Currently composed of: Multigigabit core network –4 PoPs at 10 Gbps, and 6 PoPs at 2.5 Gbps –IP over lambdas (12.000 km) Terrestrial SDH connections to 15 PoPs –Most links are 34 Mbps –Manaus at 20 Mbps –Some upgrades to 155, 257 and 622 Mbps 2 PoPs connected by satellite at 4 and 6 Mbps a brief look at the Brazilian NREN5

6 National backbone planned for 4Q2010 Agreement with local telco Oi, brokered by regulatory agency 3 and 10 Gbps to reach 24 of 27 capitals Hybrid architecture, supporting routed IP and e2e circuit traffic a brief look at the Brazilian NREN6

7 Redecomep: Community-based optical metropolitan networks Since 2004, RNP program of metropolitan networks, to provide adequate access to the multigigabit backbone –Model influenced by Canarie and Surfnet experiences –Funding provided by MCT, plus from state and city governments and private R&E participants Networks are based on overprovisioned dark fiber networks, shared between the R&E institutions served –Usually built and owned by RNP –Use 1 or 10 GE transport and permit: interconnection of the campi of the participating institutions access to RNP´s IPÊ network PoP 16 networks already operating –All 27 capital city metro networks by end 2010 7

8 Status Redecomep (4Q2009) Rede Metropolitana de Curitiba Rede Metropolitana de São Luís networks already in operation networks in operation by 2Q2010 networks in operation by 4Q2010 The stage of development of Metro Networks (Redecomep) 16 2 9 a brief look at the Brazilian NREN8

9 Pilot network Belém, Pará 12 institutions with 32 campi each institution has its own pair of fibers (for internal connectivity) 30 km ring (48 fibres) 10 km extension to Ananindeua (36 fibres) 12 km access links (6 fibres) Institution A Institution C Institution B RNPPoP to IPÊ network a brief look at the Brazilian NREN9

10 2004-2009: Brazil int’l connectivity RedCLARA: regional R&E network in Latin America –Created 2004 with partial funding by EU (ALICE project) –Linked up to 14 countries in region (currently 13) –155 Mbps backbone, with 622 Mbps Brazil-GEANT b/b upgraded to 622 Mbps in 2009 (RedCLARA2) WHREN-LILA (US IRNC1 project) – NSF + FAPESP funds –Provides 2 links to RedCLARA network since 2005 West Coast to Pacific Wave from Mexico, uses d ark fiber to from CUDI (Tijuana) to UCSD East Coast to AMPATH from Brazil (São Paulo) initially 1.2 Gbps, since 2007 at 2.5 Gbps –Also used for GLIF link to Brazil networks since 2008 >3 Gbps of commodity transit in Brazil via int’l ISP a brief look at the Brazilian NREN10

11 2009 int’l upgrades to 20 Gbps In 2009, change of model for link to US –Carry commodity and R&E traffic on same link –Buy commodity transit in US (much cheaper) –With savings invest in larger pipe to US (10Gu ≈ $2.5/yr) Result: –upgrade to 20 Gbps of S. Paulo-Miami link 10 Gbps (FAPESP + NSF) a.k.a. ANSP link - (1+0) protection 10 Gbps (RNP) - unprotected thus: 5 G protected and 15 G unprotected –2 links jointly managed by RNP and ANSP Use protected path for RedCLARA2 and commodity Use unprotected path for “large-scale” scientific collaboration Cable cut (Atlantic) on Jan 28th, 2010: TTR ~30 days a brief look at the Brazilian NREN11

12 RedCLARA2 – October 2009 ALICE2 (with EU) is increasing the capacity of links within LA –backbone 622 Mbps (1 Gbps between S. Paulo and Miami through Brazilian links) –access links 155 Mbps a brief look at the Brazilian NREN12

13 GLIF links in Brazil, 4Q2009 (e2e circuits for supporting int’l collaboration) RNP networks –Ipê backbone (12,000 km) –metro networks in state capitals GIGA optical testbed, from RNP and CPqD –links 20 research institutions in 7 cities (750 km) KyaTera research network in S. Paulo –links research institutions in 9 cities (1000 km) New GLIF map in 2010 WHREN-LILA 20 Gb a brief look at the Brazilian NREN13

14 a brief look at the Brazilian NREN14 Development of new services Technological prospection – Working Groups programme –Continuous effort to identify and develop new user services Some of the services developed and deployed –VoIP (IP telephony) –Video Distribution network VoD, Video management, IPTV, live streaming, UniversityTV network –Performance measurement (RNP belongs to perfSONAR development consortium) –PKI, Identity Federations –Systems for Distance Learning

15 Working Groups (WGs) ( Objectives –Promote innovative services and applications for RNP portfolio Methodology –Seek partnerships with the academic R&D community to develop pilots of advanced network services Each WG is led by a researcher from the academic community RNP provides equipment and connectivity for pilot development and validation –Technical staff of RNP and PoPs participate in the validation and evaluation of the pilot 15a brief look at the Brazilian NREN

16 WGs: areas of interest WGs act within the areas of Infrastructure, Middleware and Apllications –Generate technical subsidies for the technological development of RNP –Provide technical/scientific support fro RNP –Collaborate with international R&D initiatives in networking –Increase the involvement of the academic community 16a brief look at the Brazilian NREN

17 Development cycle of new services Selection by annual CFP to the research community 5 projects selected from 21 proposals received in 2009 Team develops and demonstrates the prototype production service experimental service WG year 2 (pilot service) WG year 1 (prototype) Selection by year 1 evaluation 3 projects from 2008 selected in 2009 Team develops and demonstrates pilot service Selection by evaluation impact, relevance, and availability of resources Deployment normally done by RNP with little team participation 1 experimental service in 2009 Service added to portfolio 17a brief look at the Brazilian NREN

18 Working Groups (2002 to 2010) 2002-32003-42004-52005-62006-72007-8 2008-92009-10 VoIP: Voice over IP Advanced VoIP Network storage VCG: Virtual Community Grid VCG (piloto) Virtual Worlds s/w comps. for collective intelligence VD: Digital Video VD-IIMulticast de confianza Digital TV MV: Virtual Museums MVMixed reality Vídeoconf. in education Configuration pervasivaMesh network (pilot) Travel: High-speed transport Travel802.11s mesh netw. w/ high scalability Directories in Higher Education. Diretorios y Aplicaciones MiddlewareRemote Visualisation IEAD: Infrastructure for Distance Learning IEAD (piloto)FEB: Federation of repositories of learning objects FEB Quality of Service (QoS) QoS-IIMeasurements (MED) MED-IIMED-II (piloto) EDAD: Distance Education EDADMonitoring the Torrent universe ICP-Edu: PKI for Education ICP-Edu-IIICP-Edu-II (pilot) ADReF: Fault Diagnosis and Recovery ADReF (pilot)BackStreamDB : Flux-based monitoring BackStreamDB Peer to Peer (P2P) P2P-IIGV: Management of Video GV (pilot)Overlay: Overlay service networks OverlayCredentials for federated authentication MDA: Digital media and arts MDA a brief look at the Brazilian NREN18 Production service Candidate for a future service Experimental service

19 Development of dynamic circuits In 2009, the WG model was applied to the task of developing a service for dynamic circuit provisioning on the Phase 6 network In this case, the goals were defined beforehand by RNP: –to examine comparatively different models for dynamic provision of e2e circuits in a hybrid network –to recommend a service for production use in the RNP network, which could interoperate with our international partners (GEANT, Internet2, ESnet) Participants come from 10 different institutions, and a testbed has been set up for interconnecting L2 (Ethernet) networks over the RNP MPLS backbone Results are expected by 4Q2010 a brief look at the Brazilian NREN19

20 Initial use of international circuits LHC/CMS participation in SuperComputing (SCxx) since 2004 October 2007: RNP collaborated with i2Cat (Catalonia, Spain) to participate in the Artfutura event in Barcelona. –100 Mbps circuit manually provisioned between Rio de Janeiro and Barcelona –domains involved: RNP-GIGA, RedCLARA, GEANT, RedIris, i2Cat January 2008: LHC/CMS collaboration requested circuits between CERN and UNESP (São Paulo) and UERJ (Rio) in Brazil –domains involved: RNP-GIGA, RNP-Ipê, AMPATH, A-Wave, MAX, Starlight, ManLan, Netherlight, CERN Probable future use for e-VLBI collaboration between MIT and ROEN observatory near Fortaleza, Ceará (initial phase) a brief look at the Brazilian NREN20

21 Recent and future use of circuits The first international 10G link was inaugurated in July, 2009, with a lightpath demo involving the digital cinema community with the transmission of compressed 4K digital média (400 Mbps) and uncompressed HD videoconferencing (900 Mbps) between the FILE 4K event in São Paulo, UCSD (US) and Keio University (JP) –RNP and ANSP now members of CineGrid Regular e-science usage expected in support of HEP, e-VLBI and Dark Energy Survey communities Presently, about 25% of the total international capacity of 20G is being used for routed IP traffic – the remainder is available for lightpath use. a brief look at the Brazilian NREN21

22 FILE 4K in S. Paulo : HD videoconferencing world première of 4K feature film a brief look at the Brazili an NRE N Keio Univ, Japan Auditorium, FIESP-SESI, São Paulo UCSD, Calfornia, US 22

23 FILE 4K: lightpath topology (July09) Ampath GOLE USP T-LEX GOLE U Mackenzie vlans 2712/3 vlan 2713 vlan 2712 vlan 2711 C-wave vlans 2711/2 2711: unicast SP <> UCSD 2712: unicast SP <> Keio 2713: unicast UCSD <> Keio a brief look at the Brazilian NREN23

24 Brazil participation in SC09 2 CMS Tier 2 sites have participated in BWC (Bandwidth Challenge) demos since SC04, always limited by the available int’l bandwidth –SC04:622 Mbps (RedCLARA) –SC05-08:2.5 Gbps (WHREN-LILA) SC09 was the first event after the deployment of the new 20 Gbps connectivity to the US. –UERJ (Rio de Janeiro) still rate limited at 1 Gbps and demonstrated sustained transmission at 850 Mbps –UNESP (São Paulo) was rate limited at 10Gbps and demonstrated sustained transmission at 8.2 Gbps a brief look at the Brazilian NREN24

25 São Paulo - Portland stress test -- 8 + 8 Gbps -- “New record of data flows between Northern and Southern hemispheres” (Our thanks to Sandor Rozsa, responsible for conducting the transfers at the showfloor) 25a brief look at the Brazilian NREN

26 Project GIGA – optical networking testbed Partnership between RNP and CPqD (telco industry R&D center in Campinas, SP: ) established in 2002 Original objectives: –build an advanced networking testbed for development and demonstration purposes –support R&D subprojects in optical and IP networking technology and advanced applications and services External participation –carriers provide the fibers without cost (technology transfer of products and services to business sector required) –R&D community in industry and universities Government funding for equipment and R&D activities –Phase 1: 2003-2008; –Phase 2: 2009- : emphasis on Future Internet (a la GENI, FIRE, etc) FUNTTEL a brief look at the Brazilian NREN26

27 a brief look at the Brazilian NREN GIGA testbed network - location Universities IME PUC-Rio PUC-Campinas UERJ UFF UFRJ Mackenzie UNICAMP USP R&D Centers CBPF CPqD CPTEC INCOR CTA FIOCRUZ IMPA INPE LNCC LNLS 27

28 a brief look at the Brazilian NREN Testbed network design Initially 2.5G DWDM inter-city network between Campinas and Rio de Janeiro (upgrading to 10G) – up to 6 waves per link (can use 8 or more) 2.5G CWDM metro networks in São Paulo, Campinas and Rio de Janeiro all Layer 2 links currently 1 Gigabit Ethernet –layer 1 equipment from Padtec (Brazil) ( –layer 2/3 equipment from Extreme Networks S.J. dos Campos São Paulo Campinas Rio de Janeiro Campinas São PauloS. José dos Campos Rio de Janeiro Cachoeira Paulista MAN CP MAN SP MAN RJ Petrópolis Niterói 2λ2λ 2λ2λ 2λ2λ 1λ1λ 3λ3λ 1λ1λ 2λ2λ 1λ1λ 3λ3λ 28

29 GIGA Phase 2: Future Internet testbed The original project was funded until 2007 New project submitted by RNP and CPqD to fund future testbed activity In 2009, CPqD once more funded by Funttel, and RNP via MCT RNP will extend testbed to up to 24 states from 2011 In this phase focus on Future Internet experimentation International relations with GENI, OpenFlow and, we hope, with EU projects Coordinated calls Brazil-EU in Future Internet in 2010: –Experimental facilities –Security a brief look at the Brazilian NREN29

30 Other developments Some Brazilian states are building out long-distance optical networks, usually partnering electrical companies The RedClara2 (Latin American regional network), with financial support from RNP, is acquiring cross- border fibre supporting 10G links interconnecting Brazil to Chile and Argentina in 2010, and probably also to Paraguay and Uruguay in 2011 It is expected that these links will also provide lightpath connections from Brazil to these countries a brief look at the Brazilian NREN30

31 Conclusion RNP has reached its present state of development in a stable environment of government support for its current model of operation Since 2000, the network has been continuously improved, both in capacity and capillarity, to be able to offer Gbps links to most of its institutional clients At the same time RNP has increased its international activities, collaborating with sister networks in many countries, and providing conditions for effective internal collaboration by its users a brief look at the Brazilian NREN31

32 Michael Stanton ( Noemi Rodriguez ( Thank you! Yellow ipê in blossom

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