Presentation on theme: "Investigating the social configuration of a community to understand how networked learning activities take place The OER universitas Case study Bieke Schreurs,"— Presentation transcript:
Investigating the social configuration of a community to understand how networked learning activities take place The OER universitas Case study Bieke Schreurs, Antoine Van den Beemt, Fleur Prinsen, Maarten De Laat, Gabi Witthaus, Gráinne Conole
My previous research
POERUP Partners 1.Sero (coordinator) (UK) 2.University of Leicester (UK) 3.Open University of the Netherlands 4.University of Lorraine (France) 5.SCIENTER (Italy) 6.EDEN (Ireland) 7.Athabasca University (Canada) 3
Context, rationale and focus for POERUP consortium Over ten years OER movement & hundreds of OER repositories worldwide, but: Lack of uptake by teachers and learners. Shift from OER development to OER-Community building & Articulation of OER practice => Evaluating successful OER communities & Stimulating the uptake of OER through policy 24 Country reports, 7 in depth Case studies
How are the active communities organised? What are the driving forces behind the dynamics of the active communities? COMMUNITIES AROUND OPEN EDUCATION
Theoretical and Empirical background Networked learning (e.g. de Laat, 2006) (Online) Communities of practice (Wenger, 2011)/ ‘Affinity spaces’ (Gee, 2005))/ Networks of practice/ Teams (Doornbos & Laat, de, 2012)? Social configurations and Dimensions of learning (Vrieling, E., Van den Beemt, A., & De Laat, M. (in press)) Community indicators (Galley Conole, & Alevizou (2012). Diversity of social configurations and nature/strength of relationships that make up the configuration => impact on value created?
CASE - study
Short description of the case study The OERu is an initiative of the Open Educational Resource Foundation, based in New Zealand Aim: contributing to the global push of the OER agenda. Offers free online academic courses The OERu is the umbrella of a consortium of 26 public post-secondary institutions (EFQUEL, 2013). Alongside the consortium, OERu is enhanced by a system of volunteers (Mackintosh, McGreal, & Taylor, 2011).
4 dimensions of a community’s social configuration, supporting the development of OER communities 1)Domain 2)(Collective) Identity 3)Organisation and Facilties 4)Practice To what kind of value creation does participation in OER practices lead?
Having a shared domain will support development of OER communities What is it all about/ What is the (knowledge) domain? Shared interest? Do all members pursue a common goal?
Experiencing a shared identity will support the development of OER (sub) communities How do the members see the community? What are the shared values that drive their actions? What defines the network as a whole or distinguishes them from other social arrangements? Are there any barriers to unity? Do members experience a sense of belonging/ownership? What is their place in it? Can the inner and outer circle differ in their identity?
(Certain types of) organisation will support the development of OER communities Are there any central actors driving development? (To what degree) is the community/network institutionalised? Why is it structures/configured as it is? Characterised as transparent, hierarchical? How do media play a role in the emergent structure?
OER communities are constituted through certain practices What are common activities, behaviors, attitudes in this network? Are there distinct roles? Are the practices embedded (or becoming) in more local practices Have some of the practices been developed in other social settings or are they new in some way? Are there several subcommunities of practice within the OER networks, Do their practices spill over into other subcommunities?
What inspires all community members to participate in OERu are the shared philanthropic values concerning education in general. The interview respondents stated that the biggest value the community creates for them is sharing mutual values with peers. These values are mirrored in a shared goal: Widening participation in education through sharing OER. Does OERu have a shared Domain that drives the community?
How is OERu organised? Central coordination Central quality standards Partly institutionalised (sub)networks Supporting technology
What do the practices of OERu look like? Coordination of the community Co-creation of OER Brokering between networked components of the community Contributing to ongoing debate about OER
Results from Questionnaire (n=28): Roles and Types of Interaction
HOW TO GET THINGS DONE: LEARNING AND SHARING EXPERTISE WITHIN THE OERu NETWORK http://wikieducator.org/OERu/Home Follow a course on how to use the wiki & Ask questions of experts through wiki Q&A forum, & Contact by email & mailing listhttp://wikieducator.org/OERu/Home E.g. online workshop on copyright offered by core network Within institutional teams => offline learning through shared practice within institution Volunteers rely more on friends and personal acquaintances for valuable conversations around OER. Online media play an important role in their connectivity. Institutional members have more opportunities to discuss with local colleagues. Limits: short history of community and lack of opportunities to meet face to face. => still learning how to share open learning materials within their own institutions and within their own practice
Emerging cohesive, productive groups? We generated networks from questionnaire data of persons with whom participants had valuable conversations around open learning materials in the most in the last three months. The density of the networks ranged from 18% to 50% (mean 31%). Given the fact that the OERu is an international network, with a wide global spread (partners in every continent), we can state that these individual networks are relatively dense.
Build up a shared domain: TIP: A shared domain serves as a solid ground for learning within the wider community BUT the complexity and multi-level feature of the organisation requires more time to develop deeper networked learning activities to the wider community. Embed the community work in practice (schools and HE): TIP: The double identity of the institutional member who was interviewed, as both an academic and a liaison person, makes his position like a bridge: he translates knowledge from the community members to his institutional team, along with the practical implications, and vice-versa. Recommendations
Keep a community coordinator and core group TIP: Only small percentage is visibly highly competent in OER production. Core members (know how to) use a wide variety of media for curating, sharing and producing and have steep learning curve. Peripheral members seem to have more shallow learning curves, though. Think about embedding OER teams within educational institutions Integrate OER use and production with daily work? Think beforehand how to handle quality of resources There is a tension between keeping the barriers to sharing low & maintaining a good quality standard. Quality managers can be involved afterwards to help users get an immediate indication of quality but in OERu, they work with a fixed partnership and quality standards set-up beforehand.
Recommendations Need for continuous learning Web applications for use in OER change, so need continuous learning. The innovative capacity of the community is where the sustainability resides, The ability to continually adapt and change! Innovation comes from boundary crossing. Investing in communities to adapt, change and grow is essential. Community managers remain essential to bring things together Embedded OER-use, sharing and creating into master education for teachers. Publishers may provide some support for remixing of their materials (ease up on copyrights)
Further information http://www.poerup.info/ 23 This publication is protected by a Creative Commons License http://oeru.org/oeru-partners/otago-polytechnic/open-content- licensing-for-educators-/