Presentation on theme: "1 Plasma physics in Rostock with Gerd Röpke - from the work in the seventies to new developments Humboldt Universität Berlin Institut für Physik Werner."— Presentation transcript:
1 Plasma physics in Rostock with Gerd Röpke - from the work in the seventies to new developments Humboldt Universität Berlin Institut für Physik Werner Ebeling Humboldt University Berlin
Content I. Quantum statistics in Rostock in the early seventies II. Some of the new developments with Gerd Röpke III. A special problem: the relations between physical and chemical picture IV. Conclusions
I. QS in Rostock before GR arrived. Plasma group in Rostock 1971 First row: from r. Sändig, Krienke, Kelbg, guest, Ulbricht, Ebeling, guest, the guests: Harold Friedman (USA) and Jan Stecki (Poland) 2nd row: from l. Kraeft, Kremp, Kilimann
In the center of interest was the bound state problem for plasmas and electrolytes, the divergence of the partition f. in plasmas Coulombic phase transitions in class ionic solutions/plasmas with Grigo/Sändig/Richert, Quantum statistics, virial coefficients, atomic partition function, density dependent minimum of ionization, energy levels with Kraeft/Kremp/Kilim. <---- the RED BOOK
\vspa Exact thermodynamic results: 4 virial coeffcients are exactly known Higher orders=3 part b.s., 4 part b.s.,..
A special problem: First order Coulombic phase transitions in electrolytes and quantum plasmas Simplest model of a first order phase transition is the van der Waals gas, A model of similar simplicity exists for a phase transition in Coulomb systems (CPT or PPT) based on Debye-Hückel approximation and Bjerrum-Saha MAL (E./Sändig/Grigo/Fisher/Levin et al.)
Excess chemical potential in Debye-Hueckel approximation
The two-phase region Specific volume
Quantum Debye-Hückel a --> a(T) = Lambda/8
The critical point of the PPT ~12000 - 18000 K
No data for plasmas were available in the 70ties, except Kormer-group (wrong?), Observed transitions in semiconductor plasmas, metal-amm. ? Recently: new observations in e-h plasmas, new exp for ionic liquids (tetraalkylamm salts - Schröer) New exp for high pressure plasmas (Trunin & Fortov groups) Now: existence of PPT is rather sure!
II. Quantum statistics in Rostock since 1977 with GR GR started his career in Leipzig with Prof. Heber (dissertation on theory of magnetism), then he moved with Heber to Dresden and finally got 1977 a position at U Rostock a large influence on Gerd had his russian teacher and friend Dmitri N. Zubarev several longer stays Moscow e.g. in 1968, books with Zubarev and Morosov later close collaboration with JINR Dubna
Gerd in Rostock since 1977 He was appointed for theoretical physics at Rostock University at 01.02.1977 lectures in thermodynamics, quantum theory, statistical physics etc. wrote several textbooks e.g. Quantum Theory, Nonequil. Statistics In research he joined the group of G. Kelbg and worked with DK, WK, WE and others
.............the group Günter Kelbg, Heinz Ulbricht, Dietrich Kremp, Wolf-D. Kremp, Klaus Kilimann, Hartmut Krienke, Lutz Schimansky-Geier Ahlbehrend, Malchow, Engel-H, Meister
In collaboration with GR new tools were applied and developed, as Green functions, Zubarev formalism, transport theory New results are summarized 1986 in the green book Quantum theory of density-dependent energy levels, Bethe- Salpeter equation etc. Kilimann/Kraeft/ Kremp/Röpke/Rösler/ Zimmermann
BSE:Closing the gap between H- levels and continuuum (ZKKKR)
The valley of bound states, transition to highly ionized states (Mott transition)
10 28 10 24 10 20 10 16 10 2 10 4 10 6 n e, cm -3 T, K Metallic plasma Strongly Ionized plasma moleculars atoms H2 = 0.5 = 0.5 r s = 1 n e e 3 = 1 = 1 r D = 0.84a 0 Phase diagram Calculations
New results in TD: advanced Pade appr. (Sändig, Zimdahl, Richert, Förster, Kahlbaum). Example=electronic part of energy:
reasonableeareasonableea rearea rearea rere
90-..: many calculations for H-plasma (BFJRR) pressure and PPT in Mbar region
Coexistence line /diss. /ioniz.
How to reach the PPT transition line? Hugoniots or (quasi-adiabatic) multishocks?
Transport theory D.N. Zubarev, G. Röpke, A.A. Morosov: Statistical mechanics of nonequilibrium processes. Wiley, Vol. I 1996, Vol. II 1997 Few words about him.... Go to special problem....