Presentation on theme: "Sweden - Hydrogen Resources utilization, expertise IEA Hydrogen Task 30 Jülich September 2010 Bengt Ridell September 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Sweden - Hydrogen Resources utilization, expertise IEA Hydrogen Task 30 Jülich September 2010 Bengt Ridell September 2010
Electricity production in Sweden ~140 TWh Hydropower CHP in district heating Windpower Nuclear power CHP industry
Energy demand in Sweden Electricity 150 TWh Transport 90 TWh Heating etc 150 TWh In total ~400 TWh Hydrogen will have the greatest opportunities in the transport sector.
Energy in Sweden 2009 BiofuelOil Hydropower Nuclear Natural gas Coal Wind Heat pumps
Sweden Fuel input electricity production (~10%)
Sweden GHG-emissions GDP Bioenergy
Sweden GHG emissions by sector
Renewable potential for hydrogen production Biofuels, Woodchips, waste from pulp and paper industry, crops, waste, in total about 200 TWh Windpower, potential very optimistic ~15 TWh Wave power, test plants under construction Solar power, low potential but might be significant for local production on remote sites. New hydropower, large potential more than 20 TWh but politically impossible for the near future
Sweden Hydrogen utilization Transport fuel will dominate for the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier Hydrogen will have too big difficulties to compete with other energy carriers for residential use and in larger buildings Sweden has a significant industrial hydrogen production about tons per year The Swedish hydrogen industry has a long experience of the use of hydrogen, storage, distribution and safety issues In the Stenugnsund area they have pipeline system between four different industries.
Hydrogen production in Sweden tons
Hydrogen production Sweden ton
Hydrogen as an energy carrier in Sweden Hydrogen as energy carrier is a bottom-up approach in Sweden The interest from the government is still very small Largest activity Volvo Powercell PEFC fuel cell system including development of a reformer for diesel and other fuels Some single demonstration projects - CUTE – Stockholm - Malmö Hydrogen filling station - several single hydrogen vehicles demonstrations - a new Hydrogen filling stations in Göteborg on the west coast under negotiation Hydrogen Sweden partnership SMEs: Cellkraft, myFC, Opcon a.o.
The future for hydrogen as energy carrier in Sweden Hydrogen as transport fuel depending on a breakthrough of Fuel Cell Vehicles Renewable production of hydrogen - reforming of ADP biogas - gasification of biomass - other local renewables windpower, new small hydro power plants - solar and wavepower might come later Stationary systems, back-up power and stand-alone systems biogas – fuel cell systems might come