Renewable potential for hydrogen production Biofuels, Woodchips, waste from pulp and paper industry, crops, waste, in total about 200 TWh Windpower, potential very optimistic ~15 TWh Wave power, test plants under construction Solar power, low potential but might be significant for local production on remote sites. New hydropower, large potential more than 20 TWh but politically impossible for the near future
Sweden Hydrogen utilization Transport fuel will dominate for the use of hydrogen as an energy carrier Hydrogen will have too big difficulties to compete with other energy carriers for residential use and in larger buildings Sweden has a significant industrial hydrogen production about 150 000 tons per year The Swedish hydrogen industry has a long experience of the use of hydrogen, storage, distribution and safety issues In the Stenugnsund area they have pipeline system between four different industries.
Hydrogen as an energy carrier in Sweden Hydrogen as energy carrier is a bottom-up approach in Sweden The interest from the government is still very small Largest activity Volvo Powercell PEFC fuel cell system including development of a reformer for diesel and other fuels Some single demonstration projects - CUTE – Stockholm - Malmö Hydrogen filling station - several single hydrogen vehicles demonstrations - a new Hydrogen filling stations in Göteborg on the west coast under negotiation Hydrogen Sweden partnership SMEs: Cellkraft, myFC, Opcon a.o.
The future for hydrogen as energy carrier in Sweden Hydrogen as transport fuel depending on a breakthrough of Fuel Cell Vehicles Renewable production of hydrogen - reforming of ADP biogas - gasification of biomass - other local renewables windpower, new small hydro power plants - solar and wavepower might come later Stationary systems, back-up power and stand-alone systems biogas – fuel cell systems might come