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Crystal structure of Ice and Protein PHYS 571 Yeliz Celik Young Eun Choi Andrew DiLullo.

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Presentation on theme: "Crystal structure of Ice and Protein PHYS 571 Yeliz Celik Young Eun Choi Andrew DiLullo."— Presentation transcript:

1 Crystal structure of Ice and Protein PHYS 571 Yeliz Celik Young Eun Choi Andrew DiLullo

2 Outline Ice  Physical Properties  Types of Ice  Hexagonal Ice Structure (Ice Ih)  Hydrogen bonding and the hexagonal structure of ice  The hexamer and the hexagonal crystal structure Protein Crystallization  Examples of Protein structures

3 Ice Physical Properties CHEMISTRYH2O, Hydrogen dioxide CRYSTALLOGRAPHYHHexagonal (Ih) CRYSTAL GROWTH AND HABITS Generally flat hexagonal crystals Ice also forms rounded and concentrically zoned spheres as hail stones. It can be stalactitic, and massive granular. COLOR AND OTHER OPTICAL PROPERTIES Clear to white, Pale blue, Greenish blue, transparent to translucent HARDNESS1.5 DENSITY g/cm 3 BREAKABILITYVery brittle fracture producing small, conchoidal fragments

4 Water Phase Diagram and Morphology Diagram

5 Types of Ice - With both cooling and pressure different types exist : Ice II,III, V, VI, VII,VIII, IX, and X. The types are differentiated by their crystalline structure, ordering and density. - There are also two metastable phases of ice under pressure, both fully hydrogen disordered: IV and XII. - Ices XI, XIII, and XIV are hydrogen-ordered forms of ices Ih, V, and XII respectively. Ice II (rhombohedral)Ice III (tetragonal)Ice V (monoclinic) Ice VI (tetragonal)Ice VIII (tetragonal)Ice X (cubic)

6 Types of Ice - Everyday ice and snow has a hexagonal crystal structure (ice Ih). - Only a little less stable (metastable) than Ih is the cubic structure (Ic).

7 Prism face a1a1 a2a2 c(a 3 ) a 1 = a 2 a = 4.51 Å, c = 7.35 Å γ =120 ° Hexagonal Ice Structure (Ice Ih) Hexagonal ice plate formed from vapor deposition in air at 0 to -3 or -10 to -35 ºC. LT-SEM image with inset light microscope image. Classic snowflake formed from vapor-rich air between -10 to -22 ºC. LT-SEM image with inset light © Eric Erbe / Beltsville Agricultural Research CenterEric Erbe / Beltsville Agricultural Research Center

8 Hydrogen Bonding in Ice Hydrogen bonding in general :  shared bonding of H between two highly electronegative atoms such as F, O, or N Hydrogen bonding in water and ice:  isolated two molecule (dimer) system

9 Other isolated clusters of ice molecules  trimer, tetramer, pentamer, hexamer  hexamer is the most energetically likely Isolated groups only somewhat useful in bulk study Hydrogen bonding and the hexagonal structure of ice

10 The hexamer and the hexagonal crystal structure of ice 2.8Å O-O distance Reason for decreased density of ice Expect 4 hydrogen bonds per molecule Measured 3.69 hydrogen bonds per molecule

11 Protein Crystallization Applications: 1. Drug design and structural biology 2. Bio-separation 3. Controlled drug delivery

12 Protein Crystallography X-ray crystallography : 1. Protein structures at the atomic level 2. How proteins interact with other molecules 3. How they undergo conformational changes

13 Spruce Budworm Antifreeze Protein Insect antifreeze protein Molecular weight is ~9 kDa Protects from freezing at T below 0 degrees

14 Protein Crystallography Pure protein (an insect antifreeze protein) Sample needs to be concentrated Dilute buffer Hanging drop vapor diffusion method

15 Hanging Drop Vapor Diffusion Method

16 Crystals of Spruce budworm antifreeze proteins After repeated seeding a nice crystal obtained 0.21X 0.12X 0.02 mm Leinala et al.,2002: Grather,SP et al.,1999

17 Leinala et al.,2002 Crystals of recombinant Spruce budworm antifreeze proteins

18 Result of x-ray crystallography is a three dimensional map that shows the distribution of electrons in the structure.

19 Crystal structure of the protein: Single Anomalous Scattering, NMR Left-handed Beta helical structure 15 amino-acid loops

20 Leinala, EK et al., 2002

21 How shape morphology changes when ice crystal is grown in a solution of the insect antifreeze protein

22 References Petrenko,VF, et al.,Physics of Ice,1999, Oxford University Press, New York Grather,SP et al.,1999, Journal of Structural Biology,126, Leinala, EK, 2002, Structure,10, /Kogoy/protein.html 2003/Kogoy/protein.html


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