Presentation on theme: "Wind energy in the wider context of Scottish Renewables Policy Sue Kearns Head of Renewables Strategy and Onshore Renewables."— Presentation transcript:
Wind energy in the wider context of Scottish Renewables Policy Sue Kearns Head of Renewables Strategy and Onshore Renewables
Overview Scottish Policy Objectives & Targets Support & Progress to date Renewable Energy Framework Renewables Action Plan
What are we seeking to achieve? Scotland as green energy capital of Europe Significant exporter of electricity At least 16,000 green jobs
How much renewable resource do we have? Enough renewable energy resource to cover up to 10 times peak winter electricity demand in Scotland (60GW) Includes: 25% of Europe’s wave energy 10% of Europe’s tidal energy More offshore wind commercial development potential than previously thought 650MW viable small scale hydro potential
Link to Scottish Govt Purpose Wealthier: Economic benefit Greener: Climate change mitigation Stronger: Security of energy supply
Key Targets EU: 20% renewable energy by 2020 UK: 15% UK/Scotland: GHG emissions reduction 80% by 2050 Scotland: 20% renewable energy by 2020 Scotland: 50% renewable electricity by 2020 (8GW) Scotland: 11% renewable heat by 2020 Scotland: 10% green transport fuel by 2020
Support to date – consents and grants Existing renewable generation in Scotland (3GW) is mainly onshore wind (1.5GW) and hydro (1.4GW) Past issues with consenting process – we have streamlined the system and aim for 9 month turnaround Plus have encouraged diversity of supply through supporting new sectors: Wave and Tidal Biomass Hydrogen/Fuel Cells
Progress to date: s36 Consents 3GW installed renewables capacity in Scotland Under current Administration (from May 2007): 19 renewables Consents (1.5GW) Includes largest windfarm in Europe (Clyde) Windfarms consented under s36 since May 07: Harestanes - 213MW Mid Hill - 75MW Griffin – 204MW Gordonbush – 87.5MW Carriag Gheal – 60MW Mark Hill – 84MW Arecleoch – 180MW Clyde – 548MW Crystal Rig 11a – 27MW Lochluichart – 51MW
Renewable Energy Framework, 2008 Consultation end of 2008 Set out framework for development to help meet EU 2020 target Aims to meet 20% energy demand in Scotland from renewables by 2020 Developing Action Plan 2009
Renewable Energy Framework: Heat Tenfold increase in renewable heat to 11% by 2020: huge task Scottish Renewable Heat Action Plan (RHAP) to stimulate diverse market (inc. further round of biomass support scheme – businesses and district heating) Post REF: inclusion of RHAP in Climate Change Bill – to keep in policy focus CARE Scheme – focus on heat projects off gas grid plus support for electricity to heat projects in remote areas Air source heat pumps to be offered off gas grid in Energy Assistance package But main stimulus will come through Renewable Heat Incentive – UK Govt. - with cost borne by consumers. Huge infrastructure questions around heat delivery + district heating Need for policy focus on waste heat from industrial processes
Renewable Energy Framework: Transport Tenfold increase in renewable fuel used for transport to 10% by 2020 Progress through a range of cost-effective solutions Scottish Govt will seek a better understanding of 2 nd generation biofuels and of the role of alternative technologies – including hydrogen cars
Renewable Energy Framework: Electricity Meet and try to exceed 50% 2020 target through balanced mix of technologies Continued working with European partners to look at offshore grids Develop route map for marine energy Renewables Obligation (Scotland) banding Aim to maximise economic benefit of renewables
Electricity: onshore wind Currently 1.5 GW (about half UK total) REF estimate for 2020: 5-7 GW Main potential inhibitors: -Grid capacity (Decision on Beauly-Denny upgrade expected this year) -Consents/planning issues Seeking deployment solutions: Western Isles
Consents improvements Underway: Develop Electronic Case Tracking SystemDevelop Electronic Case Tracking System Review WebsiteReview Website Improve GuidanceImprove Guidance Improve Scoping AdviceImprove Scoping Advice Developer Checklist for applicationsDeveloper Checklist for applications Industry engagement through FREDSIndustry engagement through FREDS Contribute to GIS project developmentContribute to GIS project development National database for all energy projectsNational database for all energy projects 9 month determination ambition for new applications9 month determination ambition for new applications Being considered: Streamlining the consent processStreamlining the consent process Legislation issuesLegislation issues Brokering strategic solutionsBrokering strategic solutions Reviewing Post Consent involvementReviewing Post Consent involvement
Brokering Solutions Western Isles offers good case study Huge resource potential with significant environmental constraints Rejection of Lewis windfarm in 2008 Scottish Govt has led study to identify opportunities in harmony with environmental designations Aim to present prospectus for investment to developers
Electricity: offshore wind Currently: Robin Rigg (>200MW) in construction; plus Talisman deep water demonstrator (10MW) REF estimate: 1-4 GW mainly deep water Post REF – Crown Estate award of site exclusivity in STW to about 6 GW of proposals – shows commercial interest (ROC banding incentive plus devt. of technology have made STW commercially attractive) SEA crucial
Electricity: Marine Energy Currently: 0.5MW wave (Limpet) Consented: Siadar array (4MW); Pelamis array (3MW) REF estimate: 0.5-1GW by 2020 Heavy policy focus + higher support under RO(S) £10M Saltire Prize Most of volume from wave and tidal is expected post 2020.
Electricity: biomass Currently: 80MW REF estimate: 200-400MW Public sector support will be aimed at CHP and heat only use Need to coordinate policy objectives on renewable energy from waste, and AD.
Electricity: for heat and transport Opportunities to use green electricity to decarbonise heat and transport sectors Implications for generation and grid need to be determined
Renewable Energy Framework: Communities Tripled funding for community renewables Issued community renewables toolkit SG Community and Renewable Energy Scheme (CARES) – delivered by CES CARES – not just grants: support network throughout Scotland, plus bulk procurement of turbines
Priorities and next steps Challenge of current economic context and need to assist economic recovery Route Maps on: - marine energy - heat -supply chain -other sectors (onshore wind, offshore wind, hydro, hydrogen/fuel cells, biomass) Interim Renewables Action Plan by end June 2009.
Renewables Action Plan: workstreams Achieving buy-in: engagement Making economic case: research & analysis Problem solving: brokering/ solving deployment issues Mapping detailed “hardware” needs: route maps (all sectors); heat; infrastructure (heat & transport, as well as grid) Meeting people needs:skills; community benefits; schools Options for investment: (including review of support to date) Next steps: measurement and promotion
Conclusion Scottish Govt setting ambitious renewables targets for 2020 and seeking to encourage a diverse mix of supply Development of wind energy market – largely commercial, but community level projects being directly supported Onshore wind: Consents, planning and grid issues being tackled Offshore wind: SEA and liaison with Crown Estate to exploit potential Wind energy has a huge role to play in helping Scotland achieve its renewable energy ambitions