Presentation on theme: "Coronado H-Alpha Filter By: Jeff Thrush. Do not view the sun without proper solar filters in place on your telescope. Sunlight can also damage the optics."— Presentation transcript:
Do not view the sun without proper solar filters in place on your telescope. Sunlight can also damage the optics of the telescope unless a proper filter is used. Use only solar filters which cover the entire aperture of the telescope. Never use an eyepiece solar filter. Cover or remove any finder scope or Telrad-style device. Exercise caution when other people (both children and adults) are at or around your telescope. Safety Rules for Viewing the SUN
Neutral Density Filters Neutral density solar filters are used to view and photograph the photosphere of the sun. Neutral density filters come in two varieties: glass and film. Glass solar filters produce excellent images of the sun and are less likely to develop pinholes than film filters. Glass filters are more expensive than film filters.
Photosphere The photosphere is the thing we see when you look at the sun using a neutral density solar filter. The photosphere, is at a temperature of about 5800 K. Sunspots are "cool" regions, only 3800 K (they look dark only by comparison with the surrounding regions). Sunspots can be very large, as much as 50,000 km in diameter. Sunspots are caused by complicated and not very well understood interactions with the Sun's magnetic field.
Hydrogen-Alpha Filter Viewing solar prominences and flares, requires a specialized filter called a Hydrogen-Alpha filter. Hydrogen-alpha (or H-alpha) filters are so-called because they transmit a specific wavelength of light in the far red end of the spectrum called the - you guessed it - hydrogen-alpha line. H-alpha filters are available in a variety of bandpasses. The "bandpass“ of a filter tells how wide a region of the light spectrum is transmitted around the primary wavelength. The narrower the bandpass, the more surface detail on the sun becomes visible through the filter. A wider bandpass will show only prominences off the edge of the sun.
Chromosphere The chromosphere lies just outside the photosphere, and is almost completely transparent. The temperature in the chromosphere rises slowly as you go further out; from about 4300 degrees to 8300 degrees at the edge.
How Does It Work The Coronado filters consist of three elements: 1. The energy rejection filter (ERF) which removes the UV and the bulk of the visible spectrum including all the infra red. The ERF is an integral part of the second element, the narrowband element. 2. The narrowband element which gives the narrow peak at Ha plus the adjacent peaks in the spectrum. 3. The blocking filter which removes all the peaks except Ha.