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CHAPTER 4 CARBON AND THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE 1
Overview: Carbon—The Backbone of Life 2
Concept 4.1: Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds 3
Concept 4.2: Carbon atoms can form diverse molecules by bonding to four other atoms 4
Structural Isomers 12
Geometric Isomers 14
Enantiomer 17 04_07L_Dopa_A.html
Concept 4.3: A small number of chemical groups are key to the functioning of biological molecules 19
Copyright © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint Lectures for Biology, Seventh Edition Neil Campbell and Jane Reece.
Ch. 4- Carbon and Molecular Diversity (Why are carbon compounds key to the variety of life?)
Chapter 4 Chemistry of Carbon Building Blocks of Life.
Basics of Organic Chemistry. explain that there are many organic compounds because carbon atoms can form four bonds recall the formulae of methane, ethane,
Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life.
1 11 Lewis Structures of Organic Molecules Dr. C. Yau Fall 2011.
Organic Chemistry: Functional Groups. Origin of organic compounds Origin of organic compounds Naturally occurring organic compounds are found in plants,
Organic Chemistry Recognizing the 4 main classes of organic molecules.
2.3 Carbon-Based Molecules KEY CONCEPT Carbon-based molecules are the foundation of life.
CHAPTER 11 CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT. CARBON Organic compound Organic compound A compound that contains the element carbon A compound that contains the element.
Biochemistry Notes Biochemistry Biochemistry Study of science that explores how properties of CHEMICALS make life possible.
Week 1 in Review Building Blocks of Life Water Week 2: Chapter 4Carbon.
Carbohydrates Properties Controlled by Structure.
The Chemical Evolution The molecules we know today are descended from the first molecules that formed life on Earth. The behavior of today's biological.
Biology I Flora. All living things depend on energy What is energy? Energy – ability to do work Energy is needed in different amounts at different times.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides for Essential Biology, Second Edition & Essential.
What is Matter?. Matter Def: anything that has mass and takes up space Examples that ARE matter … Examples that ARE NOT matter …
Organic Chemistry Chemistry of Carbon Molecules. Carbon 4 electrons in outer energy level. Needs to form four covalent bonds to become stable. Can form.
Aim: What are other organic compounds found in living things? HW #7 Text – read pages 35 – 37 and 44 – 48. On page 57 write out the questions and the answers.
Slide 1 of 20 Photosynthesis I: Energy and Life Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall.
Geometrical and Optical Isomerism in Organic Chemistry Known as STEREOISOMERS.
Section 1 Carbon Compounds Chapter 3 Distinguish between organic and inorganic compounds. Explain the importance of carbon bonding in biological molecules.
Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall A Study in Chirality.
8.1 Molecular Compounds > 1 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 8 Covalent Bonding 8.1 Molecular Compounds.
Food and Chemistry Objectives Describe chemical properties. Name 3 most important elements to life. Explain how covalent, hydrogen, and ionic bonds.
Pre – AP Biology Chemistry of Life (2.1) Part 1. Element Chlorine (Cl)
Recall in Topic 20 you learned about geometric isomerism. What is a geometric isomer? Two different geometric isomers may have very biological different.
4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy.
Chemistry of Life. Element A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances. Each element is identified by a one or two letter symbol. Ca.
Chapter 8 – Compounds of Carbon. Why is Carbon Important? Carbon compounds make up over 90% of all chemical compounds. They also form the basis of living.
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