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QSA Workshop on Environment Statistics Concepts and Frameworks 24 September 2012 Tracking Progress Towards QNV 2030 Development Goals Environment Targets.

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Presentation on theme: "QSA Workshop on Environment Statistics Concepts and Frameworks 24 September 2012 Tracking Progress Towards QNV 2030 Development Goals Environment Targets."— Presentation transcript:

1 QSA Workshop on Environment Statistics Concepts and Frameworks 24 September 2012 Tracking Progress Towards QNV 2030 Development Goals Environment Targets and Related Monitorable Indicators Presented by Noura Essa Abdullah and Sharon Ng Department of Social Development, GSDP

2 Presentation Themes 1 2 3 4 5 6 Context Qatar National Vision 2030, National Development Strategy 2011-2016 and Sustainable Development Environment Points of Stress NDS Environmental Management Outcomes Monitoring NDS Projects, Sector Outcomes and QNV Goals Conclusion

3 Rapid economic growth averaging 16.2% in real terms between 2004-2010 – Qatar now highest per capita globally propelled by growth of its hydrocarbon industry, especially liquified natural gas Very rapidly growing population 1.7m in 2011 compared with 0.7m in 2004 – Includes large, growing and culturally diverse expatriate population High human development with HDI ranked 37 th in world in 2011 compared with 57 th a decade earlier – Leading country in terms of GNI per capita – Health and education dimensions of HDI below those of average of highest human development countries Qatar – A Dynamic Arab Islamic Gulf State Rapidly rising prosperity and high human development Qatar - one of 6 Gulf Cooperation Council States….. ….with an increasing global presence 1

4 Qatar’s GDP and Population Grew Unsustainably Between 2000 and 2010 Called for planned growth with balance Exceptionally rapid rise in population, averaging 15% a year between 2004-2008 when economic growth was at its peak, called for substantial planning as well as infrastructure and social services

5 Qatar’s growing urban population, rising per capita income and rapid economic growth affecting the environment Need for Sustainable Development and Environmental Management To meet this challenge Qatar establishing comprehensive environmental management system that aligns national growth and prosperity to realities of environmental constraints, supported by increasing capacity and sustainable technologies Increasing per capita Income Rapid population growth Environmental impact per $ of income Increasing impact on Qatar’s environment

6 Qatar National Vision 2030 Sustainable development, intergenerational equity, an underlying and cross-cutting principle QNV 2030 is built on four inter- related development pillars that envisage that development will be carried out with responsibility and respect, balancing the needs of economic growth and social development with environmental protection QNV 2030 beginning to transform Qatar into an advanced country, capable of sustaining its own development and providing a high standard of living for all 2 Qatar National Vision 2030 Human development Develop all people to enable them to sustain a prosperous society Social development Develop just and caring society with high moral standards and active role in global development Economic development Develop competitive diversified economy to secure prosperity for all in present and future Environmental development Ensure harmony between economic growth, social development and environment Sustainable Development Institutional Development and Modernisation

7 Priority Areas Water Management Pollution and Waste Energy and Climate Biodiversity  Lack of integrated water management system − High water consumption and increasing demand − Rising water table in Doha that raises construction costs and threatens marine life  Poor air quality as a result of high levels of particulate matter which impact on respiratory illnesses  Large quantities of solid waste generated by high income households, construction and industry  Flaring intensity and high carbon dioxide emissions contributing to greenhouse gases  Qatar vulnerable to rising sea levels as a small coastal country Environmental Points of Stress Sustaining the Environment for Future Generations Addressing environmental points of stress  Threats to biodiversity with species vulnerable to extinction − Lack of comprehensive biodiversity database limits effective policy − Protected areas lack effective management plan and public awareness of biodiversity issues low Environmental Challenges 3

8 10 Projects 14 Targets to be Achieved by 2016 7 Outcomes NDS Environmental Management Outcomes Priority projects with related targets Cleaner Water and Sustainable Use  Enact a comprehensive National Water Act establishing an integrated system of quality requirements, discharge controls and incentives for conservation  Monitor groundwater, conserve freshwater aquifers where possible and eliminate excess water in Doha’s water table Cleaner Air and Effective Climate Change Reponses  Eliminate instances of excess ozone levels through improved air quality management  Halve gas flaring to 0.0115 billion cubic metres per million tonnes of energy produced from 2008 level of 0.0230 billion cubic metres per million tonnes of energy produced Reduced Waste, More Recycling and More Efficient Use  Establish a solid waste management plan, strongly emphasizing recycling  Recycle 38% of solid waste, up from the current 8%  Contain domestic waste generation at 1.6 kilogrammes per capita per day National Water Act Urban water table management plan Improve air quality Management Reduction of gas flaring and venting Establishing a solid waste management plan 4

9  Create a searchable electronic information source at the Ministry of Environment  Lead one regional environment effort, and launch two environmental projects involving private sector participation NDS Environmental Management Outcomes (Cont) Creating a National Biodiversity Database Functional Green Spaces Environmental Information Database Strategic Partnerships Nature and Natural Heritage Conserved, Protected and Sustainably Managed Sustainable Urbanization and Healthier Living Environment An Increasingly Environmentally Aware Population Improved Governance and Cooperation  Establish a comprehensive electronic biodiversity database  Expand actively managed protected areas  Establish three shady greenspace corridors in Doha and monitor their effect on urban air quality and health  Build an environmentally aware society  Appoint a well known national champion for the environment to raise awareness and commitment through demonstration projects and conversation partnerships Environmental Awareness 10 Projects 14 Targets to be Achieved by 2016 7 Outcomes

10 Monitoring NDS Projects, Sector Outcomes and QNV Goals Monitoring high level goals Project inputs Have we achieved QNV development goals Monitoring achievements Project activities Have the project deliverables contributed to the stated outcomes Monitoring deliverables Project outputs Quantitative and qualitative indicators Have the tasks we have implemented led to the desired results (eg legal, policy, regulation changes, awareness campaigns ) Monitoring tasks NDS sector outcomes Quantitative and qualitative indicators What tasks we are going to do through projects ( eg drafting legislation, policy, regulations, organising campaigns) Monitoring input investments QNV 2030 goals Quantitative and qualitative indicators What resources we are investing in projects (eg financial, human, enabling environment) QNV Pillars NDS Projects NDS Sectors Level of monitoring What we will be learning What are we monitoring? Implementation Planning 5

11 MoEF and Ministries and Agencies Project inputs To measure gap between reality and development vision Ministries and Agencies Project activities To determine extent to which projects have contributed towards achieving desired development outcomes, to learn lessons and to support future planning GSDP and Ministries and Agencies Project outputs To determine extent to which deliverable have been met, to assess project effectiveness and take corrective measures GSDP NDS Sectoral Outcomes To determine extent to which activities have been completed (rate of project implementation), to learn lessons and to adjust project activities through corrective measures GSDP QNV 2030 Goals To monitor resource effectiveness Why are we monitoring? Who will monitor and what will they monitor? Expected Results Who will monitor and what will they monitor? Expected Results Effective National Planning: Managing for Results Higher Level Development Results Who Monitors What and Why Transparency and Accountability

12 Tracking Progress in Achieving NDS Results – Illustrative Example Budgets, human resources CEDAW and CRC ratified and complied with Procure services Collect and review data Drafting legislation Training programme Create hotline etc, etc Number of reported cases of domestic violence reduced Increase in % of women who feel that domestic violence has decreased O1. Comprehensive domestic violence prevention, protection and support system established O2. An early child neglect and abuse detection mechanism established Increased awareness of harmful effects of domestic violence New policy and legislation on child abuse implemented Reduced family violence  Develop a sound social structure with effective public institutions and active civil society organisations Budget allocated and spent for each activity Results chain Indicators of progress (Baselines and targets) Indicators of progress (Baselines and targets) What results are we aiming to achieve? What results are we aiming to achieve? QNV Goal NDS Outcome Outputs (Deliverables) Activities (Tasks) Inputs

13 Towards a NDS Monitoring Framework Measuring For Results Indicator frameworks at different levels, including baselines and targets (process, outcome and goal indicators), methods of collection, sources of data, level of detail, frequency of collection, assumptions and risks need to be factored Template(s) to collect monitoring information along with reporting matrices of monitorable indicators (piloted and validated) E-monitoring system for data storage, analysis and reporting with defined accessibility with flexibility to modify according to evolving needs (Institutional and participatory dimensions need also to be factored in measuring for results)

14 A Guiding Principle When it comes to indicator selection less is more... and be SMART Measurable Will indicator show desired change/results? Specific Does indicator capture essence of desired result? Relevant Is it applicable to intended development result ? Achievable Are desired changes/results realistic? Trackable Are data available or collectable at reasonable cost?

15 Environmental Development Pillar A Balance Between Development Needs and Protecting the Environment NDS Sector Outcome 1: Preserving and protecting the environment, including air, land, water and biological diversity Target 1: Cleaner air through improved air quality management to meet WHO Air Quality Guideline levels (AQ 2005).  Air quality – ambient concentration of air pollutants in urban areas: (i) carbon monoxide, (ii) nitrogen dioxide, (iii) sulfur dioxide and (iv) ozone. Target 2: More sustainable land use and healthier living environments by maintaining sustainable growth of urban land comparative with top 10 OECD countries.  Land cover and land use rates of change Target 3: Cleaner water and sustainable use to meet the Environmental Protection Agency human health benchmarks for coastal water quality or Cleaner water and sustainable use by reducing water consumption to the average per capita consumption of OECD countries  Quality of coastal waters in Qatar: (i) salinity, (ii) temperature, (iii) dissolved oxygen, (iv) biochemical oxygen demand and (v) chemical oxygen demand.  Water abstraction per capita Target 4: Nature and natural heritage conserved, protected and sustainably managed by achieving 30% of total land and sea area as protected areas.  Area of selected key ecosystems protected as a percentage of total area (land and marine)  Abundance and change in threat status of selected key species NDS Sector Outcome 2: A comprehensive urban development plan for Qatar that adopts a sustainable policy with regard to urban expansion and population distribution Target 1: More sustainable urbanization and a healthier living environment, maintaining the average OECD urban growth rate for developed countries.  Rate of growth of urban population Target 2: More healthier living environment and reducing premature deaths from air pollution by adopting OECD’s 25% air pollution reduction scenario.  Estimated number of premature deaths from exposure to outdoor airborne particulate matter and ground-level ozone  Air quality (i) airborne particulate matter, (ii) ground level ozone

16 NDS Sector Outcome 3: Encouragement of regional cooperation to put in place preventive measures to mitigate the negative environmental effects of pollution arising from development activities Target 1: Improved governance and regional and international cooperation by supporting research and development in environmental management in line with OECD average and comparable to high-spending GCC countries.  Gross domestic expenditure on R&D in environmental management as a percentage of total domestic expenditure on R&D  R&D personnel in environmental management as a percentage of total R&D personnel NDS Sector Outcome 4: A proactive and significant regional role in assessing the impact of climate change and mitigating its negative impacts, especially on countries of the Gulf Target 1: Improved regional and international cooperation by providing development aid to foster innovation and support new clean technologies in line with the International Energy Agency (IEA) member countries average and comparable to high-spending GCC countries.  Aggregate development assistance flows in support of climate change adaptation and mitigation as a percentage of GDP NDS Sector Outcome 5: Support for international efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change Target 1: Improved governance and regional and international cooperation, meeting or exceeding target for reduction of GHG emissions set by the Kyoto Protocol.  Implementation of ratified global agreement for climate change  Emissions of greenhouse gasses (Carbon dioxide equivalent)

17 GSDP will  monitor and report twice yearly to the Supreme Committee for Development Planning on NDS progress, including on strategy outcomes in relation to QNV goals  prepare a mid-term review of the NDS by end 2013 as part of its mandate in the 6 year planning cycle QSA will work with GSDP on indicator selection and continue to support with relevant data for monitoring the progress and achievement of QNV 2030 development goals Conclusion 6

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