Presentation on theme: "Reemplazar por una foto que ilustre el tema. Sino eliminar Energy and Clean Energy in Central America Investment Opportunities within the Region Dr. Nick."— Presentation transcript:
Reemplazar por una foto que ilustre el tema. Sino eliminar Energy and Clean Energy in Central America Investment Opportunities within the Region Dr. Nick Rischbieth Executive President
9,033,399 users 12,453 MW installed capacity 5% increase per year during the past 5 years in installed capacity 3.0 % energy consumption increase per year during the past 5 years 5,683,726 inhabitants without electricity (Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua accounting for 85 % of the total). In 2012, 64.6 % of the Energy injected to the National Grids came from Renewable Energy (RE) sources. In 2012, 540 MW were added within the region, all coming from RE sources. This trend is expected to remain constant in line with market and environmental considerations.
New power capacity added to the National Interconnected Grids during the last years, predominantly from RE sources (+90%). Incentive laws in each and every country to promote RE investment for power generation purposes. Long term Power Purchase Agreements, 15+ years to ensure financial returns for investors. Acceptance of distribution companies or energy government agencies of renewable energy during operation (avoiding intermittence issue) Regional infrastructure that allows energy transactions within the whole region. Just recently the Central American Electrical Integration System (SIEPAC) has been put into operation.
According to a 2009 study, geothermal potential for power generation in Central America is estimated to be of 3,900 MW and more than 50 sites have been identified for eventual development Country Potential (MW) Identified Sites Installed Capacity (MW) Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala1, Honduras Nicaragua1, PanamáN/A 5- Total C.A.3, Source: LaGeo and CEPAL Only 16% of the potential is being exploited
Only 24% of the potential is being exploited Country Potential (MW) Installed Capacity (MW) Costa Rica5,8021,700 El Salvador2, Guatemala5, Honduras5, Nicaragua1, Panamá2,3411,479 Total C.A.22,0685,295 Source: CEPAL
Source: Swera and CEPAL Country Good to Excellent Potential (MW) Installed Capacity (MW) Costa Rica2, El Salvador6,880- Guatemala7,840- Honduras10, Nicaragua38, PanamáN/A- TOTAL66, During the dry season wind power provides up to 35% of electricity in Nicaragua Only 0.6% of the potential is being exploited
C.A. as a whole has an average radiation that ranges from 1,440 (4 hours per day) to 2,340 (6.5 hours per day) during peak hours. Radiation of at least 4 peak hours per day is considered a profitable investment when bearing in mind the electricity costs in the region.
Development Bank founded on December 13, 1960 with the objective of promoting the economic integration and balanced economic and social development of its founding countries. Currently the Bank has 13 members, as follows: Five Founding Members: – Costa Rica – El Salvador – Guatemala – Honduras – Nicaragua Two Non-Founding Regional Members: – Panama(*) – Dominican Republic(*) Five Non-Regional Members: – Republic of China (Taiwan), Mexico, Argentina(*), Colombia(*) and Spain One Beneficiary Country: – Belize (*) These countries are also benificiary countries. Nicaragua Costa Rica Honduras Belize El Salvador Guatemala Founding Members Non-Founding Members Beneficiary Country Colombia Mexico Argentina Spain DominicanRepublic ROC (Taiwan) Nicaragua Costa Rica Honduras Belize Panama El Salvador Guatemala
In 53 years of history, CABEI has been the main promoter of development in the Central American region: The Bank has financed more than 2,800 operations in the sectors of road infrastructure, energy, healthcare, education, water and sanitation, MSME, agriculture and rural development, housing, industry and tourism. CABEI has expanded its field of action to include Belize, Panama, Dominican Republic, Colombia and Argentina as beneficiary countries. In 2009, CABEI increased its authorized capital from US$2.0 billion to US$5.0 billion in order to attend the region’s increasing need for financing. To that end, it developed a new strategy for the period.
CABEI ‘s Long-Term Ratings History (2002 – 2013 ) 14 Factors Supporting the Ratings: Sound asset quality High liquidity Strong capitalization Conservative financial policies / strict credit policies Sustained growth Diversified fund procurement Continued support from international community Demonstrated shareholder support Multilateral / preferred creditor status
CABEI´S ROLE in ENERGY: “To Provide financial solutions to promote energy efficiency, boosting the development of energy sources in Central America” 1. Productive Infrastructure 2. Energy 3. Financial Intermediation and Development Finance 4. Agriculture and Rural Development 5. Human Development and Social Infrastructure 6. Industry, Urban Development and Services for Competitiveness
Power generation with renewable sources Biofuels from sources that do not jeopardize food security Transmission and Distribution projects including rural electrification Energy Efficiency Projects that improve the Structure, Diversity and Efficiency of the countries Energy Matrix Power generation from Non-renewable Energy sources, essential for Governments (E.g. Emergencies, unexpected meteorological conditions, etc.)
More than 170 projects with a total investment of more than US$2.9 billion) 64% Renewable 19% Energy Infrastructure (SIEPAC) Approximately 4,505 MW Equivalent to 36% of the installed capacity in the Central American region More than 30 million tons of reduction in greenhouse gases Public sector 72% Private sector 28%
Hydropower Palomino HP in Dominican Republic Pailas Geothermal Plant in Costa Rica Wind Power Wind Farm Cerro de Hula in Honduras Wind Farm Amayo in Nicaragua Solar Power Solar Plants to be built in El Salvador and Honduras Xacbal HP in Guatemala Geothermal
Sectors Sectors Financial Schemes Programs and Products
Net Approvals per Sector (percentages) 20
CABEI expects to approve US$360 MM during 2014 in the Energy sector (25% of the Bank´s investment portfolio). Projects to be funded during 2014: Wind Power, Hydro, Geothermal and Private investments (mainly in Honduras) due to the Deregulation of the Transmission and Distribution lines.
Stronger links with National Goverments, other Multilaterals (IADB, WB, CAF) and Bilateral Financial Institutions (KFW) will lead to new projects, such as: (a) Joint Geothermal Development Facilities to boost investment within this renewable energy source. (b) Distribution Generated Energy with help of solar technology and a considerable increase in solar energy interconnected to National Grids capable of supplying neighbouring countries through existing infraestructure. (c) New power additions from Wind Power throughout the region. (d) Introduction of Natural Gas as a cleaner and more efficient source of Energy, displacing Bunker fuel.
CABEI is committed to financing RE energy projects and maintaining its position as main financial provider of the Central American region. CABEI will maintain its support to national and regional interventions such as those identified within the Central American Integration System and Mesoamerica Project. New power generation will come, most likely, from RE investments due to market and environmental considerations. Every single country in the region has opened the power generation sector to private investors.
Deregulated Energy Markets in Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Panama, will allow investments in power generation, distribution and high voltage transmission (only GUA and ES allow private investments in high voltage). Honduras is currently deregulating its Energy sector with a clear decision to allow investments in Transmission and Distribution (currently only the power generation sector is open to private investments). The introduction of RE will need investment from distribution/energy related companies in order to cope with the intermittence issue of these technologies. US$1.5 billion per year will be required to fulfill energy investment needs in the region.
Thank you Central American Bank for Economic Integration