Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Organic Chem. Part 1 Intro to Hydrocarbons & Naming Rules."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to Organic Chem. Part 1 Intro to Hydrocarbons & Naming Rules
Organic Chemistry: The study of carbon containing compounds
-Most of the compounds that make up your body contain carbon. -Carbon containing compounds are often called “organic” compounds. Carbon Compounds and Biomolecules A trans-fatty acid
Carbon: The backbone of life Living organisms are made up mostly of molecules based on carbon. Thus the term “carbon- based life forms”.
Carbon: The backbone of life Americans, on average, consume 140 lbs of sugar per year, much of it in the form of fructose (High Fructose Corn Syrup), Fructose, a hexose sugar
Carbon: The backbone of life Cellulose, found in plant cell walls, is the most abundant organic compound on Earth
Carbon bonding The small atomic size of carbon makes the bonds very strong (notice the close proximity of the electrons to the protons) Carbon is unparalleled in its ability to form large, complex molecules
Carbon Fiber High strength, but very low weight fiber. Used in sports and military applications
Carbon Allotropes When an element can take on different shapes, functions, or structures because of different bonding arrangements of the atoms, these are called allotropes. Diamonds, graphite, and nanotubes are all allotropes of carbon.