Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon compounds; inorganic chemistry is the chemistry of compounds of all elements other than carbon. The general properties of carbon compounds are: 1. Most carbon compounds are non-electrolytes. 2. The reaction rates of carbon compounds are usually slow. 3. Many carbon compounds oxidize slowly in air but rapidly if heated. 4. Most carbon compounds are unstable at high temperatures.
13-3. Petroleum Products Fractional distillation Catalytic cracking Modern cracking uses zeolites as the catalyst.
13-5. Isomers Optical IsomersStructural Isomers 13-6. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Unsaturated compounds have double or triple carbon-carbon bonds and are more reactive than saturated compounds, which have only single carbon-carbon bonds (alkanes and similar compounds). http://www.chembio.uoguelph.ca/educm at/chm19104/isomers/intro.htm http://www.chembio.uoguelph.ca/educmat/ch m19104/isomers/stereoisomers/index.htm
13.7 Benzene Aromatic compounds Aliphatic compounds are organic compounds that do not contain benzene rings.
13-10 Polymers A polymer is a long chain of simple molecules (monomers) linked together. Polymers that contain the vinyl group are classed as vinyls. Some examples of polymers include Styrofoam, Teflon, Orlon, and Plexiglas (or Lucite). Plexiglas is thermoplastic, meaning it softens and can be shaped when heated but becomes rigid again on cooling..
Polymerization-the making of plastics Vinyl 13-3. Petroleum Products
13-10 Polymers. A copolymer is a polymer that consists of two different monomers. Dynel and Saran Wrap are examples. Certain monomers that contain two double bonds in each molecule form flexible, elastic polymers called elastomers; rubber and neoprene are examples. Polyamides and polyesters are polymers produced by chemical reactions rather than by the polymerization of monomers.
13-10 Polymers. Teflon is polymer with a strong bond between carbon and fluorine atoms. It is used as a no- stick surface in cookware.
13-11. Carbohydrates D -Allose D -Altrose D -Glucose D -Mannose D -Gulose D -Idose D -Galactose D -Talose D -Glucose (an aldose) α- D -Glucoseβ- D -Glucose β- D -Glucose (chair form)
13-14. Proteins The polypeptide chain forms a backbone structure in proteins: On first inspection, this structure appears to be connected entirely by single C-C or C-N bonds. It should therefore be as flexible as a simple hydrocarbon chain. Note that flexing in a covalent structure does not occur by bending bonds, and the normal tetrahedral or trigonal planar bond angles are maintained. Instead, different shapes are obtained by torsional rotation about the axis of the bonds:
2001 Space Odyssey HAL 9000 Where did Clarke and Kuberick get the name HAL? IBM IBM thought Hardware would be King! Net worth in 2013 $112.5 billion. Who really became King? Bill Gates software MS DOS! Net worth $72.6 billion in 2013 Microsoft Net worth $290 billion in 2013.
13-16. Nucleic Acids. Chromosomes consist of DNA molecules. Changes in the sequence of the bases in a DNA molecule can result in a mutation.
Intelligent Design http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1CwL7xXUriE#t=23 DNA Moon same size as the sun to us Atmosphere Magnetic field Just right size for the right gravity Just the right distance from the sun Titius -Bode Law-planetary distances from sun have a pattern Dark energy and matter Patterns in electron energy levels The brain-greatest brain authority says we know nothing The eye-seeing only colors Only 4 basic forces?? What about Intelligence? What are the 4 forces and where do they come from? There is no evidence that one species has changed into another Tunneling affect of electrons Not enough time for man to evolve by chance (14 billion years) Paranormal evidence