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Timberlake LecturePLUS 19991 Chapter 10 Alkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons Branched Alkanes Structural Formulas.

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Presentation on theme: "Timberlake LecturePLUS 19991 Chapter 10 Alkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons Branched Alkanes Structural Formulas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Timberlake LecturePLUS Chapter 10 Alkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons Branched Alkanes Structural Formulas

2 Timberlake LecturePLUS Alkyl Groups Branches on carbon chains H H C CH 3 methyl H H H H C C CH 3 CH 2 ethyl H H

3 Timberlake LecturePLUS Branched Alkanes CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 3 methyl groups CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 2 CHCH 3

4 Timberlake LecturePLUS Naming Branched Alkanes CH 3 methyl branch CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CHCH 2 CH Count

5 Timberlake LecturePLUS Naming Branched Alkanes CH 3 methyl branch CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CHCH 2 CH Count 3-Methylhexane on third C CH 3 six carbon chain group

6 Timberlake LecturePLUS Naming Summary 1. Count the C’s in the longest chain 2. Name each attached group 3 Count the longest carbon chain to give the first attached group the smallest number 4. Name and locate each group

7 Timberlake LecturePLUS Learning Check Alk4 A. CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 2 CHCH 3 B. CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CHCH 2 CCH 2 CH 3 CH 3

8 Timberlake LecturePLUS Solution Alk4 A. CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 2 CHCH 3 2,4-dimethylpentane B. CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CHCH 2 CCH 2 CH 3 CH 3 3,3,5-trimethylheptane

9 Timberlake LecturePLUS Learning Check Alk5 Write a condensed structure for A. 3,4-dimethylheptane B. 2,2-dimethyloctane

10 Timberlake LecturePLUS Solution Alk5 A. 3,4-dimethylheptane CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CHCHCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 CH 3 B.2,2-dimethyloctane CH 3 CH 3 CCH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 CH 3

11 Timberlake LecturePLUS Learning Check Alk6 Write 3 isomers of C 5 H 12 and name each.

12 Timberlake LecturePLUS Solution Alk6 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 pentane CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 2 CH 3 2-methylbutane CH 3 CH 3 CCH 3 2,2-dimethylpropane CH 3

13 Timberlake LecturePLUS Isomers  Same molecular formula  Same number and types of atoms  Different arrangement of atoms

14 Timberlake LecturePLUS Examples of Isomers The formula C 4 H 10 has two different structures CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 3 Butane 2-methylpropane When a CH 3 is is used to form a branch, it makes a new isomer of C 4 H 10.

15 Timberlake LecturePLUS Learning Check Alk7 Write the structural formulas of 3 isomers that have the formula C 5 H 12. Name each.

16 Timberlake LecturePLUS Solution Alk7 Write the structural formulas of 3 isomers that have the formula C 5 H 12. Name each. CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 pentane CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CHCH 2 CH 3 CH 3 CCH 3 CH 3 2-methylbutane 2,2-dimethylpropane


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