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Nomenclature of Saturated Hydrocarbons

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Some Simple Alkanes (C n H 2n+2 )

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The n-alkanes

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Boiling points

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London Forces

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Alkyl Groups

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Classification of H’s & C’s

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The I.U.P.A.C. Rules Find longest carbon chain Number chain from end closest to nearest branch (with 2 different longest chains, use one with most substituents) Give alkyl groups attached to the longest chain a name and a number Multiple alkyl groups named alphabetically Multiple groups that are the same: di(2), tri(3), tetra(4), penta(5), hexa(6) Halogens are name “halo” groups – fluoro, chloro, bromo, iodo

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Find the longest chain with the greatest number of substituents

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Give the I.U.P.A.C. Nomenclature

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All are “pentanes”

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Cycloalkanes

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Name These

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